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Ελλάδ, Grèce, Grecia,Greece

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Ancient Greece - Gods and Goddesses - The British Museum. Family tree of the Greek gods. Key: The essential Olympians' names are given in bold font. See also List of Greek mythological figures Notes External links Media related to Family trees of Greek mythology at Wikimedia Commons. Pantheon. Mythology: Greek, Roman, Norse, Egyptian, American Indian. Interactive Greek Gods Family Tree. THEOI GREEK MYTHOLOGY, Exploring Mythology & the Greek Gods in Classical Literature & Art.

Greek Mythology. Mythical Chronology of Greece. This Mythical Chronology of Greece depicts the traditional chronology established for the events of ancient Greek mythology by ancient chronographers and mythographers. This list largely reflects the work of Saint Jerome, whose work in turn was based primarily on the analysis of Apollodorus, Diodorus Siculus, and Eusebius. [1] In a few cases, the chronology also reflects the opinions of more recent scholars, who have cross referenced the mythology to archeological discoveries. These interpolations are noted with italics. Although the Greeks did believe that much of their mythology was grounded in fact, this list is not intended to imply the literal existence of real-world parallels to all the characters listed below.

The dates below are approximate. Timeline The ages referenced in this section are the five Ages of Man of Hesiod. Before Hesiod's ages: The Birth of the World (1800BC-1710BC) Chaos gives birth to Gaia Gaia gives birth to Uranus Uranus rapes Gaia. Cronos becomes ruler of Greece. Greek Gods Family Tree / Genealogy | Mythology Guide - A dictionary of Greek and Roman Myths. Greek mythology, The 12 Gods of Olympus. THEOI GREEK MYTHOLOGY, Exploring Mythology & the Greek Gods in Classical Literature & Art. The Battle with the Titans - Classical Mythology. With his rescued siblings, Zeus had the beginnings of an army with which to challenge Cronus. However, Cronus had some difficulty in assembling his own forces.

Some of the Titans refused to help him in the struggle. None of the Titanesses participated, and Oceanus, Cronus's brother, also refused to fight. Similarly, Helios, son of Hyperion, refused to take part in the war. Prometheus and Epimetheus, sons of Iapetus, blatantly refused to pledge loyalty to Cronus; rather, they eventually sided with Zeus's army.

The remaining Titans chose Atlas, another son of Iapetus, to lead them into battle. Prometheus possessed the gift of prophecy, which is why he pledged his loyalty to Zeus. In preparation for war, each side created fortifications. The war was a monumental conflict. Gaia told Zeus that freeing the Cyclopes and Hecatoncheires from Tartarus would gain the Olympians some very powerful allies. With these giants newly recruited to Zeus's army, the tide of the war began to turn. Chaos (cosmogony) Mahabharatha and Trojan war - Greek influence on India. Pandavas were sent to forest for 14 years, similarly the Greek-Trojan conflict went on for nearly 14 years. The actual conflict described by Homer in Iliad is only 14 days. Same is the case with Mahabharata war, the war at Kurukshetra went on only for 14 days.

The Trojan war scene of Iliad starts with reluctance of Achilles to fight the war. Arjuna does the same in the beginning of Mahabharata war in the beginning of the war. Arjuna asks Krishna to take him to the centre of war field, and after seeing both armies formations , he refuses to fight and drops down his bow and arrows. During the Mahabharata war, the war was stopped in the evenings and was resumed in the next day. Then, why such a story had been written? Note another character in the war scene, Sanjayan describes the war, scene by scene to the blind king Dhridarashra, using his extraordinary vision. Bhishma had taken the role of Hector, the righteous son of Priam, Duryodhana has taken the role of Paris.

Greco-Roman mysteries. See Western esotericism for modern "mystery religions" in the Western cultural sphere. Definition[edit] The term "Mystery" derives from Latin mysterium, from Greek mysterion (usually as the plural mysteria μυστήρια), in this context meaning "secret rite or doctrine". An individual who followed such a "Mystery" was a mystes, "one who has been initiated", from myein "to close, shut", a reference to secrecy (closure of "the eyes and mouth")[4]:56 or that only initiates were allowed to observe and participate in rituals. The Mysteries were thus cults in which all religious functions were closed to the uninitiated and for which the inner workings of the cult were kept secret from the general public. Characteristics[edit] Mystery religions form one of three types of Hellenistic religion, the others being the imperial cult or ethnic religion particular to a nation or state, and the philosophic religions such as Neoplatonism.

Mysteries thus supplement rather than compete with civil religion. Greek Stories about Zeus-The Birth of Zeus, the King of the Gods. Zeus was born by the Titans Cronus and Rhea. Cronus was notorious for being a very jealous and greedy deity. Out of the fear one of his children could take his throne, Cronus swallowed every child Rhea was giving birth to. However, when Rhea gave birth to her last child, Zeus, she managed to trick Cronus with the help of the Titans Uranus and Gaea.

She gave her husband a rock in swaddling clothes to swallow, as a substitution to her child, and sent Zeus away to the Greek island of Crete. Special daemons named "Curetes" made noise by hitting their shields, so that Cronus would to not hear the cries of the baby. Zeus was raised secretly by the Nymphs and was fed with honey and milk from the goat nurse Amaltheia with the help of her broken-off horn.

Soon came the day where Zeus was mature enough to claim the Kingdom of the World and he started a battle against his father and the Titans. Greek Creation Story, Cronus and Rhea and Birth of Zeus. According to Greek mythology, in the beginning there was nothing. This was called Chaos. From this nothingness came light, Mother Earth (Gaia) and Sky (Uranus) were formed. From Gaia and Uranus came six twins known as the Titans. The six twin Titans were named Oceanus and Thethys, Coeos and Phoebe, Hyperion and Thea, Creos and Themis, Iapetos and Clymene, and finally Cronos and Rhea.

Gaia and Uranus also gave birth to three Cyclopes, three giants, each with fifty heads and one-hundred arms. Cronos cast the cut off genitals into the sea. After defeating his father, Cronos married his sister Rhea. Major Gods and Goddesses Aphrodite | Apollo | Ares | Artemis | Athena | Demeter | Dionysus Hades | Hephaestus | Hera | Hermes | Hestia | Poseidon | Zeus Heroes Achilles | Aeneas | Diomedes | Hector | Hercules | Jason | Odysseus | Perseus | Theseus Stories Introduction | Creation Story | Olympians VS.

Original Sources of Greek-Roman Mythology Bibliography Follow our updates on Facebook or Twitter. Homère. Œuvres principales Homère (en grec ancien Ὅμηρος / Hómêros, « otage » ou « celui qui est obligé de suivre »[1]) est réputé avoir été un aède (poète) de la fin du VIIIe siècle av. J. -C. Il était simplement surnommé « le Poète » (ὁ Ποιητής / ho Poiêtếs) par les Anciens. Les deux premières œuvres de la littérature occidentale que sont l'Iliade et l'Odyssée lui sont attribuées. La place d'Homère dans la littérature grecque est tout à fait majeure puisqu'il représente à lui seul le genre épique à cette période : l'Iliade et l'Odyssée lui sont attribuées dès le VIe siècle av.

Biographie Homère selon les Anciens La tradition veut qu'Homère ait été aveugle. Homère, personnage historique D'autres remettent en cause l'existence d'un Homère historique. On a donc pu parler de l'« invention » d'Homère. Œuvres Les 7 premiers vers de l’Iliade L’Iliade et l’Odyssée sont attribués à Homère dès le VIe siècle av. La question homérique Des méthodes contemporaines tentent également d'élucider la question. Peinture. Iliade. L’Iliade (en grec ancien Ἰλιάς / Iliás, en grec moderne Ιλιάδα / Iliáda) est une épopée de la Grèce antique attribuée à l'aède Homère. Ce nom provient de la périphrase « le poème d'Ilion » (ἡ Ἰλιὰς ποίησις / hê Iliàs poíêsis), Ilion (Ἴλιον / Ílion) étant l'autre nom de la ville de Troie. L’Iliade est composé de 15 337 hexamètres dactyliques et, depuis l'époque hellénistique, divisée en vingt-quatre chants.

Le texte a probablement été composé entre -850 et -750, soit quatre siècles après la période à laquelle les historiens font correspondre la guerre mythique qu’il relate. Il n'a été fixé par écrit que sous Pisistrate, au VIe siècle av. J. -C.. Le thème de l'épopée est la guerre de Troie dans laquelle s'affrontent les Achéens venus de toute la Grèce et les Troyens et leurs alliés, chaque camp étant soutenu par diverses divinités comme Athéna, Poséidon ou Apollon.

Le récit commencé dans l’Iliade se poursuit dans l’Odyssée et, d’un autre point de vue, dans l’Énéide de Virgile. Odyssée. Scène de l'Odyssée, fresque romaine (fin du IIe siècle av. J. -C.) L’Odyssée (en grec ancien Ὀδύσσεια / Odússeia) est une épopée grecque antique attribuée à l’aède Homère[note 1], qui l'aurait composée après l’Iliade, vers la fin du VIIIe siècle av.

J. -C. Elle est considérée comme l’un des plus grands chefs-d’œuvre de la littérature et, avec l’Iliade, comme l'un des deux « poèmes fondateurs » de la civilisation européenne. L’Odyssée a inspiré un grand nombre d'œuvres littéraires et artistiques au cours des siècles, et le terme « odyssée » est devenu par antonomase un nom commun désignant un « récit de voyage plus ou moins mouvementé et rempli d'aventures singulières »[3]. Structure L’Odyssée raconte le retour d’Ulysse, roi d’Ithaque, dans son pays, après la guerre de Troie dont l’Iliade ne raconte qu'une petite partie.

La construction du poème fait se succéder trois « moments » principaux : Structuration du poème dans l'Antiquité des problèmes de cohérence narrative. Chant I Chant II Chant III. Homère. Ancient Greece - history, mythology, art, culture and architectu. Ancient Greece - history, mythology, art, culture and architectu. Gaia (Greek Mythology) The Greek word γαῖα (transliterated as gaia) is a collateral form of γῆ[4] (gē, Doric γᾶ ga and probably δᾶ da)[5] meaning Earth,[6] a word of uncertain origin.[7] R.

S. P. Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek origin.[8] In Mycenean Greek Ma-ka (trans. as Ma-ga, "Mother Gaia") also contains the root ga-.[9][10] According to Hesiod, Gaia conceived further offspring with Uranus, first the giant one-eyed Cyclopes: Brontes ("Thunder"), Steropes ("Lightning") and Arges ("Bright");[16] then the Hecatonchires: Cottus, Briareos and Gyges, each with a hundred arms and fifty heads.[17] As each of the Cyclopes and Hecatonchires were born, Uranus hid them in a secret place within Gaia, causing her great pain. So Gaia devised a plan. Because Cronus had learned from Gaia and Uranus, that he was destined to be overthrown by his own child, Cronus swallowed each of the children born to him by his Titan sister Rhea.

With Gaia's advice[21] Zeus defeated the Titans. Gaia also made Aristaeus immortal. Apollo (Crown) Greek god Apollo[a] is one of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology. The national divinity of the Greeks, Apollo has been recognized as a god of archery, music and dance, truth and prophecy, healing and diseases, the Sun and light, poetry, and more. One of the most important and complex of the Greek gods, he is the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis, goddess of the hunt. Seen as the most beautiful god and the ideal of the kouros (ephebe, or a beardless, athletic youth), Apollo is considered to be the most Greek of all the gods.

Apollo is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu.[1] As the patron deity of Delphi (Apollo Pythios), Apollo is an oracular god—the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. Apollo is an important pastoral deity, and was the patron of herdsmen and shepherds. Etymology A Luwian etymology suggested for Apaliunas makes Apollo "The One of Entrapment", perhaps in the sense of "Hunter".[24] Family tree of the Greek gods. Tendances spatio-temporelles de la qualité du sperme en France / Actualités / Actualités. La revue Reproduction vient de publier les résultats de l’étude menée par l’InVS sur les tendances spatio-temporelles de la qualité du sperme en France. Ce travail s’inscrit dans la continuité de l’étude réalisée par l’Institut et publiée en décembre 2012 dans la revue Human Reproduction.

Cette première étude concluait à un déclin de la qualité du sperme en France (concentration et morphologie des spermatozoïdes) dans un échantillon proche de la population générale entre 1989 et 2005. Cette étude était innovante par rapport aux éléments disponibles antérieurement à ce sujet en France, du fait notamment de l’échantillon étudié (26 609 hommes), couvrant la totalité du territoire métropolitain sur une période importante (17 ans).

Les résultats montrent que la concentration et la qualité morphologique des spermatozoïdes a baissé dans la quasi-totalité des régions avec une diminution plus importante en Aquitaine et Midi-Pyrénées. Evolution de la concentration en spermatozoïdes de 1989 à 2005. Pedro Olalla: ¿Por qué Grecia? Οι Ισπανοί διαφημίζουν καλύτερα την Ελλάδα από ότι εμείς οι ίδιοι [βίντεο]


Greek Anthology. The van Bosch and van Lennep version of The Greek Anthology (in five vols., begun by Bosch in 1795, finished and published by Lennep in 1822). Photographed at The British Museum, London. Contains the metrical Latin version of Grotius's Planuedean version of the Anthology. Heavily illustrated. It also reprints the very error-prone Greek text of the Wechelian edition (1600) of the Anthology, which is itself simply a reprint of the 1566 Planudean edition by Henricus Stephanus. The Greek Anthology (also called Anthologia Graeca) is a collection of poems, mostly epigrams, that span the classical and Byzantine periods of Greek literature. While papyri containing fragments of collections of poetry have been found in Egypt, the earliest known anthology in Greek was compiled by Meleager of Gadara in the first century BC, under the title Anthologia, or "Garland.

" Since its transmission to the rest of Europe, the Greek Anthology has left a deep impression on its readers. Literary history[edit]