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100+ Papers – Sun Drives Climate. Proven by thousands of temperature datasets, the earth’s climate fluctuated cyclically in the past, and there’s an overwhelming body of evidence showing a close correlation with solar activity and other powerful natural factors. If the IPCC had truly examined past temperature developments and compared them to solar data, they’d have seen there is something remarkable there. Yet in the IPCC AR5, Working Group 1 takes only a cursory look at solar activity and its possible impacts on climate in IPCC AR5 before simply dismissing the sun altogether.

The Earth’s sole supplier of energy, the sun, and all its dynamism, in fact gets only a couple of pages in a 2200-page report, about 0.1%. That alone is a monumental scandal. What follows is a list of papers I found in just a few hours that the IPCC should have taken a much closer look at instead of just dismissing. The list of course is not complete. An excellent resource that really speeded things up was the site: Popular Technology.net 1. 2. 3. New Paper: 14 Scientists Affirm Solar Forcing, Not CO2, Is ‘Dominant Control’ For Modern Climate Change. One of the oft-stated “truths” for advocates of the position that humans are predominantly responsible for climate changes is that the Sun could not have played more than a negligible role in the global warming of the last few centuries.

Indeed, the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC) report theorizes that the long-term solar contribution to climate change has been slightly above zero. And yet today’s scientists have not been deterred in their quest to document a robust Sun-Climate link in the paleoclimate data… as well as in the temperature and climatic changes for recent decades. In 2016 alone, for example, there were over 130 scientific papers documenting a non-negligible solar influence on climate. Climate scientist Dr. Li et al., 2017 Summary Climate Changes/Oscillations And Solar Activity Well Correlated For North China, Northern Hemisphere The Mechanism Of Solar Forcing And Climatic/Oscillatory Changes Vieira et al., 2011 RSS Satellite Graph Climate4you Gerhard, 2004.

20 New Scientific Papers Link Modern Climate Trends To Solar Forcing. By Kenneth Richard on 20. February 2017 “The emerging causal effects from SS [solar activity] to GT [global temperatures], especially for recent decades, are overwhelmingly proved” — Huang et al., 2017 (1) Yndestad and Solheim, 2017 “Periods with few sunspots are associated with low solar activity and cold climate periods. Periods with many sunspots are associated with high solar activity and warm climate periods. … Studies that employ cosmogenic isotope data and sunspot data indicate that we are currently leaving a grand activity maximum, which began in approximately 1940 and is now declining (Usoskin et al., 2003; Solanki et al., 2004; Abreu et al., 2008).

Because grand maxima and minima occur on centennial or millennial timescales, they can only be investigated using proxy data, i.e., solar activity reconstructed from 10Be and 14C time-calibrated data. . (2) Rydval et al., 2017 (3) Huang et al., 2017 (full paper) (4) Tejedor et al., 2017 (5) Nan et al., 2017 (6) Deng et al., 2017. Is the Sun driving ozone and changing the climate? In 2015 the hunt for clues continues… The central mystery in climate science is the Sun. The direct energy from the 1.4 million-kilometer-wide flaming ball stays remarkably constant. The radiation pours down on us but the relentless sameness of the watts can’t be causing of the swings in temperature on Earth. Something else is going on with the Sun. For one thing, the total light energy coming off the Sun stays almost the same but the type of light changes — the spectrum shifts – with more shorter wavelengths at one point in the cycle and longer wavelengths at the opposite part of the cycle.

But the tiny changes in total sunlight (TSI) may still be leaving us clues about other things going on with the Sun. The Sun —-> UV or charged particles —- > ozone —-> polar jet streams —–> clouds —–> surface temperatures. Stephen Wilde put forward the first version of this hypothesis in 2010. Summary of the Stephen Wilde Hypothesis An active Sun increases ozone in the stratosphere: Source. Source. M.E. Svensmark publishes: Solar activity has a direct impact on Earth’s cloud cover | Watts Up With That? Solar variations affect the abundance of clouds in our atmosphere, a new study lead by DTU Space suggests. Large eruptions on the surface of the Sun can temporarily shield Earth from so-called cosmic rays which now appear to affect cloud formation. A team of scientists from the National Space Institute at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU Space) and the Racah Institute of Physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem has linked large solar eruptions to changes in Earth’s cloud cover in a study based on over 25 years of satellite observations.

The solar eruptions are known to shield Earth’s atmosphere from cosmic rays. However the new study, published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, shows that the global cloud cover is simultaneously reduced, supporting the idea that cosmic rays are important for cloud formation. ”Earth is under constant bombardment by particles from space called galactic cosmic rays. Very energetic particles Possible long term effect. The longest stretch of a blank sun since 2010 — Vencore Weather. The monitoring of cosmic rays by spaceweather.com is now going global. In recent months, they have developed launch sites in three continents: North America, South America and in Europe above the Arctic Circle. The purpose of launching balloons from so many places is to map out the distribution of cosmic rays around our planet.

For more information on this study visit the “Intercontinental Space Weather Balloon Network”. The increase in the penetration of cosmic rays into the Earth’s atmosphere is expected to continue for months to come as solar activity plunges toward the next solar minimum expected around late 2019 or 2020. A follow-up study published in the Aug. 19th, 2016 issue of Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics supports the idea of an important connection between cosmic rays and clouds with a link between sudden decreases in cosmic rays to changes in Earth's cloud cover.

Meteorologist Paul DorianVencore, Inc.vencoreweather.com Video discussion: Hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea and their relationship with sunspots. New Science 25: Seven possible ways the sun could change our cloud cover. Earth and the solar wind. | Credit: NASA/GSFC There’s a nuclear fusion reactor in the neighborhood that weighs 300,000 times more than Earth. It’s eight minutes away at the speed of light, has 99.8% of the mass of the solar system, and surrounds us with changing magnetic and electric fields while it rains down charged particles. Some years the Sun throws ten times as much extreme-UV our way as it does in other years. Virtually none of this is included in mainstream climate models. The constant wind of charged particles blows at a million miles an hour — the flow waves and wiggles, shifting direction. The speed of the solar wind correlates with sea surface temperatures in the Atlantic. Running through all of this, and from a different direction, are cosmic rays which also appear to seed clouds.

Complicating things even further, the Sun may have a dual core — two dynamos operating in the north and south on cycles that are nearly but not quite in sync. – Jo Possibilities Among others: Leading International Geologist Peter Ziegler: “Sun Is Driving Climate, Not CO2.” Dr. Hans Labohm writes at the Dutch Standaard that one of the world’s leading geologists, Peter Ziegler of Switzerland, recently made a presentation on the factors driving climate. It’s not CO2, he said. Peter Ziegler. Photo from Ziegler family archives. GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version. Labohm writes at the Dutch Standaard blog here that Arthur Rörsch and Peter Ziegler have been busy lately with the editors of a special issue of Energy & Environment, where a number of prominent climate skeptics are sharing their views on the factors that determine climate.

Labohm then writes that Peter Ziegler has also recently completed a presentation based on peer-reviewed literature and current measurements, where he shows that the sun is mainly driving climate change, and not CO2. The main points of the presentation, Labohm writes: See Peter Ziegler’s pdf presentation here. Hat-tip: From Wikipedia: Chinese Sunspots | Watts Up With That? Guest Post by Willis Eschenbach [See also the new Update at the end of the post.] I see that there is a new paper from China causing a great disturbance in the solar force … as discussed here on WUWT, the claim is that the El Nino Modoki Index, which is an index of sea surface temperatures, is significantly affected by some sunspot-related solar variable.

The first problem with their study is that the sea surface temperature (SST) “data” they have used to establish the relationship is not data as we understand it. It is not observations. Instead, their sea surface temperature “data” is the output of a climate model, a type called a reanalysis model. So, we’re not looking at observed SST. This means the Chinese have found a correlation between sunspots and climate model output. Now, having considered the OUTPUT of the climate models, would you care to guess what is used as the INPUT to the climate models? Figure 1. Now, when I saw that graphic, I didn’t much believe it. Figure 2. Figure 3. Claim: Solar activity not a key cause of climate change, study shows | Watts Up With That? From the University of Edinburgh , another one-paper syndrome in the making funded by an NGO research council with a political mission to grab a headline.

And, another poorly written press release where they don’t even cite the name of paper. Sigh. Climate change has not been strongly influenced by variations in heat from the sun, a new scientific study shows Climate change has not been strongly influenced by variations in heat from the sun, a new scientific study shows. The findings overturn a widely held scientific view that lengthy periods of warm and cold weather in the past might have been caused by periodic fluctuations in solar activity. Research examining the causes of climate change in the northern hemisphere over the past 1000 years has shown that until the year 1800, the key driver of periodic changes in climate was volcanic eruptions. The study, published in Nature GeoScience, was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council. Andrew P. H/t to Dr. Like this: New study suggests a link between the 11 year solar cycle and the tidal effects of Venus, the Earth and Jupiter | Watts Up With That?

Every eleven years the polarity of the Sun’s magnetic field is reversed. Could the weak tidal forces of Venus, the Earth und Jupiter directly influence the Sun’s activity? Foto: NASA/SDO HZDR researchers suggest a link between the solar cycle and the tidal effects of Venus, the Earth and Jupiter From the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres via press release: Are planets setting the Sun’s pace? The Sun’s activity is determined by the Sun’s magnetic field. Many questions regarding the Sun’s magnetic field are still unanswered. “Interestingly, every 11.07 years, the Sun and the planets Venus, the Earth and Jupiter are aligned. Strengthening through resonance “If you only just give a swing small pushes, it will swing higher with time,” as Frank Stefani explains the principle of resonance.

It is generally understood that the solar dynamo relies on the interaction of two induction mechanisms. A new recipe for the solar dynamo The Tayler instability restricts new liquid-metal batteries. More solar linkages to climate variations | Watts Up With That? From Pierre Gosselin’s No Tricks Zone: Oases of the Chinese Taklamakan Desert Greened Up In Sync With Solar Millenial Cycles by Sebastian Lüning and Fritz Vahrenholt The Taklamakan Desert is the 2nd world’s largest sand desert after the Rub el-Khali Desert in Saudi Arabia. A Chinese-Australian team of scientists lead by Keliang Zhao of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Peking studied the sediment-profiles from an oasis at the edge of the Taklamakan where they reconstructed the climate of the last 4000 years based on pollen. The scientists published their results in March, 2012. The study is yet another beautiful example of the global climatic impact of the solar millenial cycles (also see our recent article “New Study in PNAS Confirms Solar Impact Over the Last 9000 Years“ and “Solar Millennium Cycles Regulated the Wet and Dry Periods of the Mediteranean During the Roman Times“, also see pages 68-75 of our book “Die kalte Sonne“.

Read the full story here Abstract Highlights Like this: 18 New Papers Link High Solar Activity To Medieval And Modern Warmth, Low Solar Activity To Little Ice Age Cooling. “It is generally accepted that the climate warms during periods of strong solar activity (e.g., the Medieval Warm Period) and cools during periods of low solar activity (e.g., the Little Ice Age).”

—Lyu et al., 2016 Within the last 1,000 years, global-scale surface temperatures underwent a warm period during Medieval times, centennial-scale cooling during the 14th to 19th centuries, and another warm period since the early 20th century. According to scientists publishing in the peer-reviewed scientific literature within the last several months (2016), these long-term thermal changes are well correlated with long-term variations in solar activity, namely the Medieval Solar Maximum (Medieval Warm Period), Spörer, Maunder and Dalton Minimums (Little Ice Age), and Modern Grand Maximum (20th Century). Scientists Zharkova and colleagues (2015) provide a cogent summary with a user-friendly graphic denoting the solar changes and their correspondence with warming and cooling trends. Chambers, 2016. ENSO caused by high tidal pulses and by solar activity. | Cooling News. Lunar Perigee Pulses, variation in solar wind and Earth’s magnetic field are the main drivers behind El Niño and La Niña swings I discovered the solution to the most important enigma in climate science and in meteorology which is what are the forces that are behind ENSO variability.

There are two main drivers of ENSO. ENSO stands for El Niño Southern Oscillation and is Earth’s most influential weather phenomena after seasonal changes. When the ENSO index changes this causes change in currents and temperatures in the tropical Pacific Ocean. The most important ENSO driver is linked to variations in gravitational tidal forcing, associated with Moon’s Perigee. Moon is in what is called Perigee, when the Moon is at its closest point during its elliptical orbit around Earth. High tidal pulses are also what is causing Kelvin Waves. The second most important forcing is linked to variations in solar activity. This is the result I recently got from the ANN that I’m using.

Conclusion. Solar Activity Modulates the Frequency of Central European Floods. Paper Reviewed Czymzik, M., Muscheler, R. and Brauer, A. 2016. Solar modulation of flood frequency in central Europe during spring and summer on inter-annual to multi-centennial timescales. Climate of the Past 12: 799-805. According to Czymzik et al. (2016), "solar influences on climate variability are one of the most controversially discussed topics in climate research. " And thus intrigued by this state of affairs, they go on to describe how they analyzed "solar forcing of flood frequency in central Europe during spring and summer on inter-annual to multi-centennial timescales," based on their study of daily discharge data of southern Germany's River Ammer back to AD 1926 (which encompassed solar cycles 16-23), along with the 5500-year flood-layer record they derived from analyses of varved sediments of the downstream Ammersee River.

French Study: Mediterranean Storm Activity Linked To Solar Activity, Has Nothing To Do With CO2. A Short Summary of Soon, Connolly and Connolly, 2015; “Re-evaluating the role of solar variability on Northern Hemisphere temperature trends since the 19th Century” | Andy May Petrophysicist. Solar variability and the Earth’s climate | Andy May Petrophysicist. A Gleissberg Solar Minimum? | Watts Up With That? Researcher: More Evidence Extreme Weather In Japan, Global Cooling, Linked To Solar Activity.

Unstoppable Solar Cycles. NASA - Top Story - NASA STUDY FINDS INCREASING SOLAR TREND THAT CAN CHANGE CLIMATE - March 20, 2003. The New Sunspot Data … and Satellite Sea Levels | Watts Up With That? Current Solar Cycle 3rd All-Time Weakest …Next Cycle Likely To Be Weaker! As Earth Warms Up, The Sun Is Remarkably Quiet | Category 6™ Scientists Find Climate’s ‘Cause Of Causes’…Highest Solar Activity In 4000 Years Just Ended…Cooling Begins In 2025. National Geographic 1967 : Sunspots Control Glaciers | The Deplorable Climate Science Blog.

Record heat despite a cold sun | Watts Up With That? Number Of Sunspots Dwindling Faster Than Expected, NASA Says. The Sun-Climate Connection: Over 100 Scientific Papers From 2016 Link Solar Forcing To Climate Change. Satellite Data Proves Changes in Sun Caused Recent Global Warming, Not Humans - Principia Scientific International. Solar Denialists Face Harsh Times …Flurry of New Studies, CERN, Show Sun’s Massive Impact On Global Climate. Mars Melt Hints at Solar, Not Human, Cause for Warming, Scientist Says - Principia Scientific International.