Evolutionary Psych

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Scientists discover that eyes really are 'the window to the soul' Scientists discover that eyes really are 'the window to the soul' The eyes really are a window to the soul, according to scientists. Patterns in the iris can give an indication of whether we are warm and trusting or neurotic and impulsive, research has found. More here... • Miracle sight treatment 'could be available in two years'
Orangutans plan their future route and communicate it to others Orangutans plan their future route and communicate it to others Sep. 11, 2013 — Male orangutans plan their travel route up to one day in advance and communicate it to other members of their species. In order to attract females and repel male rivals, they call in the direction in which they are going to travel. Anthropologists at the University of Zurich have found that not only captive, but also wild-living orangutans make use of their planning ability. For a long time it was thought that only humans had the ability to anticipate future actions, whereas animals are caught in the here and now.
Insular cortex Insular cortex In each hemisphere of the mammalian brain the insular cortex (often called insula, insulary cortex or insular lobe) is a portion of the cerebral cortex folded deep within the lateral sulcus (the fissure separating the temporal lobe from the parietal and frontal lobes). The insulae are believed to be involved in consciousness and play a role in diverse functions usually linked to emotion or the regulation of the body's homeostasis. These functions include perception, motor control, self-awareness, cognitive functioning, and interpersonal experience. In relation to these, it is involved in psychopathology. The insula was first described by Johann Christian Reil while describing cranial and spinal nerves and plexi.[1] Henry Gray in Gray's Anatomy is responsible for it being known as the Island of Reil.[1]
Mammal Group Pubs Ladevèze S, Asher RJ , Sanchez-Villagra MR. 2008. Petrosal anatomy in the fossil mammal Necrolestes : evidence for metatherian affinities and comparisons with the extant marsupial mole. J Anatomy 213:686-697. Asher RJ , Lehmann T . 2008. Dental eruption in afrotherian mammals. Mammal Group Pubs
Home Page: Daniel E. Lieberman - Professor of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University The human body below the neck is also unusual in several respects related to locomotion. I am especially interested in four questions: 1. When, how and why early hominins became bipeds? In collaboration with other researchers, I study early hominins such as Sahelanthropus and Australopithecus to understand how and why these hominins became bipeds, how they walked, ran and climbed, and how the evolution of human locomotion transformed the human body. 2. Home Page: Daniel E. Lieberman - Professor of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University
Humans There are said to be as many as one hundred “uncontacted tribes” still living in some of the most isolated regions of the world. The members of these tribes, who have maintained traditions long left behind by the rest of the world, provide a wealth of information for anthropologists seeking to understand the way cultures have developed over the centuries. The Surma tribe of Ethiopia avoided all Western contact for years. Though they were well-known by Westerners for their giant lip plugs, they wanted nothing to do with any sort of government. 10 Tribes That Avoided Modern Civilization 10 Tribes That Avoided Modern Civilization
The Tiger: A True Story of Vengeance and SurvivalBy John VaillantHardcover, 352 pagesKnopfList price: $26.95 Prologue Its wan light scatters shadows on the snow below, only obscuring further the forest that this man negotiates now as much by feel as by sight. He is on foot and on his own save for a single dog, which runs ahead, eager to be heading home at last. All around, the black trunks of oak, pine, and poplar soar into the dark above the scrub and deadfall, and their branches form a tattered canopy overhead. Slender birches, whiter than the snow, seem to emit a light of their own, but it is like the coat of an animal in winter: cold to the touch and for itself alone. The True Story Of A Man-Eating Tiger's 'Vengeance' The True Story Of A Man-Eating Tiger's 'Vengeance'
Göbekli Tepe

Göbekli Tepe

The function of the structures is not yet clear. The most common opinion, shared by excavator Klaus Schmidt, is that they are early neolithic sanctuaries. Discovery[edit] The site was first noted in a survey conducted by Istanbul University and the University of Chicago in 1963.
The Prisoner’s Dilemma (PD) is the paradigmatic scientific model to understand human cooperation. You would think that after several decennia of analyzing this deceivingly simple game, nothing new can be learned. Not quite. This new paper discovers a whole new class of strategies that provide a unilateral advantage to the players using them in playing the repeated version of the game. In effect, using these strategies one can force the opponent to any score one desires. Tit-for-tat no more: new insights into the origin and evolution of cooperation | Rules of Reason Tit-for-tat no more: new insights into the origin and evolution of cooperation | Rules of Reason
Reinforcement Diagram of operant conditioning Although in many cases a reinforcing stimulus is a rewarding stimulus which is "valued" or "liked" by the individual (e.g., money received from a slot machine, the taste of the treat, the euphoria produced by an addictive drug), this is not a requirement. Indeed, reinforcement does not even require an individual to consciously perceive an effect elicited by the stimulus.[1] Furthermore, stimuli that are "rewarding" or "liked" are not always reinforcing: if an individual eats at a fast food restaurant (response) and likes the taste of the food (stimulus), but believes it is bad for their health, they may not eat it again and thus it was not reinforcing in that condition. Reinforcement
Why do some people blink more than others? - The Naked Scientists August 2008 Listen Now Download as mp3 from the show The Sounds of Science Question
Journey of Man: A Genetic Odyssey (Part 1 of 13)
Matthew White Ridley, 5th Viscount Ridley Ridley is best known for his writings on science, the environment, and economics.[4] He has written several science books including The Red Queen (1994), Genome (1999) and The Rational Optimist: How Prosperity Evolves (2010). In 2011, he won the Hayek Prize, which "honors the book published within the past two years that best reflects Hayek’s vision of economic and individual liberty."[5] Ridley also gave the Angus Millar Lecture on "scientific heresy" at the Royal Society of Arts (RSA) in 2011.[6] He was recently elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences,[7] and won the Julian Simon award in March 2012.[8] His popular TED conference talk, "When Ideas Have Sex", has over 2 million views.[9] Ridley shows how, throughout history, the engine of human progress has been the meeting and mating of ideas to make new ideas. It's not important how clever individuals are, he says; what really matters is how smart the collective brain is.[10]
Kindness and Sexual Behaviours in Bonobos
Chimpanzees, sometimes colloquially chimp, are two extant hominid species of apes in the genus Pan. The Congo River divides the native habitats of the two species:[2] Chimpanzees are members of the family Hominidae, along with gorillas, humans, and orangutans. Chimpanzees split from the human branch of the family about four to six million years ago. Chimpanzees are the closest living relatives to humans, being members of the tribe Hominini (along with extinct species of subtribe Hominina). Chimpanzee
Gorillas... 98.6% Human
10 Amazing Gorilla Facts You May Not Know
Action Centred LeadershipJohn Adair’s simple Action-Centred Leadership model (action-centered if you prefer the US spelling) provides a great blueprint for leadership and the management of any team, group or organization. Action Centred Leadership is also a simple leadership and management model, which makes it easy to remember and apply, and to adapt for your your own situation. Good managers and leaders should have full command of the three main areas of the Action Centred Leadership model, and should be able to use each of the elements according to the situation. kompetensi personal « cefe indonesia
Morality Quiz/Test your Morals, Values & Ethics - Your Morals.Org
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Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control - Chapter 1
Lack of Self-Confidence
Reciprocal determinism