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After witnessing how one of our earliest languages is in danger of disappearing, Gaia Vince looks at efforts to preserve our oral culture. Along Lake Eyasi in northern Tanzania I come across the Hadza community sitting in male- and female-only groups, with the men playing small lute-like stringed instruments and applying a pre-hunt poisonous tree resin to their metal arrowheads. They light a small fire by rapidly twisting a hardwood twig into a softwood stick from the local Commiphora tree.
The Armenian language ( Armenian : հայերեն , Armenian pronunciation: [hɑjɛˈɾɛn] , hayeren ) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenians . It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic . The language is also widely spoken by Armenian communities in the Armenian diaspora . It has its own script, the Armenian alphabet , and is of interest to linguists for its distinctive phonological developments within Indo-European. Linguists classify Armenian as an independent branch of the Indo-European language family . [ 2 ] Armenian shares a number of major innovations with Greek , [ 3 ] and some linguists group these two languages together with Phrygian and the Indo-Iranian family into a higher-level subgroup of Indo-European which is defined by such shared innovations as the augment .
Most of the time when thinking of language, people will automatically think about English, German , French, Spanish, and maybe others like Japanese, Arabic, Russian, and possibly Latin. Language is something that many people today take for granted. Without it, there’d be no communication, and no way to connect with others in the world.
The Tibetan alphabet is an abugida of Indic origin used to write the Tibetan language as well as the Dzongkha language , Denzongkha , Ladakhi language and sometimes the Balti language . The printed form of the alphabet is called uchen script ( Tibetan : དབུ་ཅན་ , Wylie : dbu-can ; "with a head") while the hand-written cursive form used in everyday writing is called umê ( Tibetan : དབུ་མེད་ , Wylie : dbu-med ; "headless"). The alphabet is very closely linked to a broad ethnic Tibetan identity. Besides Tibet , it has also been used for Tibetan languages in Bhutan , India , Nepal , and Pakistan . [ 1 ] The Tibetan alphabet is ancestral to the Limbu alphabet , the Lepcha alphabet , [ 2 ] and the multilingual 'Phags-pa script . [ 2 ] The Tibetan alphabet is romanized in a variety of ways. [ 3 ] This article employs the Wylie transliteration system.
Maldivian , or Dhivehi (ދިވެހި Divehi ), is an Indo-Aryan language predominantly spoken by about 350,000 people in the Maldives where it is the national language. It is also the first language of nearly 10,000 people in the island of Minicoy in the Union territory of Lakshadweep , India, where the Mahl dialect of the Maldivian language is spoken. It is written in the Thaana script. The major dialects of Maldivian are Malé , Huvadhu , Mulaku , Addu , Haddhunmathee and Maliku .