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Cluny Abbey in 2004 Cluny Abbey (or Cluni , or Clugny , French pronunciation: [klyˈni] ) is a Benedictine monastery in Cluny , Saône-et-Loire , France.
Ely Cathedral (in full, The Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Ely ) is the principal church of the Diocese of Ely , in Cambridgeshire , England , and is the seat of the Bishop of Ely and a suffragan bishop , the Bishop of Huntingdon . It is known locally as "the ship of the Fens ", because of its prominent shape that towers above the surrounding flat and watery landscape. [ edit ] History
Cairo Citadel in 19th century
The Taj Mahal ( / ˈ t ɑː dʒ m ə ˈ h ɑː l / often pron.: / ˈ t ɑː ʒ / ; [ 1 ] Hindi : ताज महल , from Persian / Urdu : تاج محل "crown of palaces", pronounced [ˈt̪aːdʒ mɛˈɦɛl] ; also "the Taj" [ 2 ] ) is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra , Uttar Pradesh , India . It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal . The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage". [ 3 ]
The Leaning Tower of Pisa ( Italian : Torre pendente di Pisa ) or simply the Tower of Pisa ( Torre di Pisa ) is the campanile , or freestanding bell tower, of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa , known worldwide for its unintended tilt to one side. It is situated behind the Cathedral and is the third oldest structure in Pisa's Cathedral Square ( Piazza del Duomo ) after the Cathedral and the Baptistry.
Interior view of the Hagia Sophia, showing Islamic elements on the top of the main dome.
The Porcelain Pagoda, as illustrated in Fischer von Erlach 's Plan of Civil and Historical Architecture (1721)
The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth , wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in part to protect the Chinese Empire or its prototypical states against intrusions by various nomadic groups or military incursions by various warlike peoples or forces. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC; [ 3 ] these, later joined together and made bigger, stronger, and unified are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall. [ 4 ] Especially famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China , Qin Shi Huang .
The Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa (meaning "Mound of Shards" ) is a historical archaeological site located in Alexandria , Egypt and is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages . The necropolis consists of a series of Alexandrian tombs, statues and archaeological objects of the Pharaonic funeral cult with Hellenistic and early Imperial Roman influences. Due to the time period, many of the features of the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa merge Roman, Greek and Egyptian cultural points; some statues are Egyptian in style, yet bear Roman clothes and hair style whilst other features share a similar style.
The Colosseum , or the Coliseum , originally the Amphitheatrum Flavium (English: Flavian Amphitheatre , Italian: Anfiteatro Flavio or Colosseo ), the largest amphitheatre in the world, [ 1 ] is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome , Italy , the largest ever built in the Roman Empire , built of concrete and stone. [ 2 ] It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering . Occupying a site just east of the Roman Forum , its construction started in 70 AD [ 3 ] under the emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD under Titus , [ 4 ] with further modifications being made during Domitian 's reign (81–96). [ 5 ] The name " Amphitheatrum Flavium " derives from both Vespasian's and Titus's family name ( Flavius , from the gens Flavia ).
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire , England, about 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury . One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is the remains of a ring of standing stones set within earthworks . It is in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds . [ 1 ]