Middle English literature: The Thirteenth Century. Middle English prose of the 13th cent. continued in the tradition of Anglo-Saxon prose—homiletic, didactic, and directed toward ordinary people rather than polite society. The "Katherine Group" (c.1200), comprising three saints' lives, is typical. The Ancren Riwle (c.1200) is a manual for prospective anchoresses; it was very popular, and it greatly influenced the prose of the 13th and 14th cent. The fact that there was no French prose tradition was very important to the preservation of the English prose tradition. In the 13th cent. the romance, an important continental narrative verse form, was introduced in England. However, French romances, notably the Arthurian romances of Chrétien de Troyes, were far more influential than their English counterparts.
Continental verse forms based on metrics and rhyme replaced the Anglo-Saxon alliterative line in Middle English poetry (with the important exception of the 14th-century alliterative revival). Medieval Romance Literature: Definition, Characteristics & Novels. Readers in the Middle Ages didn't have any Harlequin paperbacks, but works of medieval romance literature were just as plentiful and popular.
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Introduction to Middle English Literature: The Medieval World. The Church The most important philosophical influence of the Middle Ages was the Church, which dominated life and literature. In medieval Britain, “the Church” referred to the Roman Catholic Church. Canterbury Cathedral. Although works such as Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales reveal an exuberant, and often bawdy, sense of humor in the Middle Ages, people also seemed to have a pervasive sense of the brevity of human life and the transitory nature of life on earth. Plaque in Weymouth, England. Outbreaks of the plague, known as the Black Death, affected both the everyday lives and the philosophy of the Middle Ages. Bodiam Castle. Even beyond the outbreaks of plague, the Middle Ages were a dangerous, unhealthy time. With these conditions, it’s not surprising that people of the Middle Ages lived with a persistent sense of mortality and, for many, a devout grasp on the Church’s promise of Heaven.
Fortuna spinning her Wheel of Fortune, from a work of Boccaccio. Rose window in the Basilica of St. Chivalry. The Middle Ages. A Chronology of the Middle Ages (500-1500) 466-511 - Clovis. Clovis was the first king of the Franks to unite that entire barbarian (according to the Romans) nation. He succeeded his father Childeric I in 481 as King of the Salian Franks, one of several Frankish tribes, who were then occupying the area west of the lower Rhine, with their centre around Tournai and Cambrai along the modern frontier between France and Belgium, in an area known as Toxandria. He conquered the neighbouring Frankish tribes and established himself as sole king before his death. He converted to Catholicism, as opposed to the Arianism common among Germanic peoples, at the instigation of his wife.
This act was of immense importance in the subsequent history of France and Western Europe in general for Clovis expanded his dominion over almost all of the old Roman province of Gaul (roughly modern France) which stands at the centre of European affairs. 590-604 - Pope Gregory the Great. 610-641 - Heraclius I. Clovis - Founder of the Merovingian Dynasty. By Melissa Snell This profile of Clovis is part ofWho's Who in Medieval HistoryA B C D E F G H I J K L MN O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Clovis was also known as: Chlodwig, Chlodowech Clovis was known for: Uniting several Frankish factions and founding the Merovingian dynasty of kings. Occupations: KingMilitary Leader Places of Residence and Influence: EuropeFrance Important Dates: Born: c. 466Becomes ruler of Salian Franks: 481Takes Belgica Secunda: 486Marries Clotilda: 493Incorporates territories of the Alemanni: 496Gains control of Burgundian lands: 500Acquires parts of Visigothic land: 507Baptized as a Catholic (traditional date): Dec. 25, 508Dies: Nov. 27, 511 About Clovis: Clovis was the son of the Frankish king Childeric and the Thuringian queen Basina; he succeeded his father as ruler of the Salian Franks in 481.
Continue reading below our video Loaded: 0% Progress: 0% By the time of his death he had consolidated all the Franks under his rule. Clovis died in 511. More Clovis Resources: Early Europe. Ethnic and Religious Groups in Medieval Poland - Medieval Studies. The best general overview of the composition of the Polish society and its transformations in the Middle Ages is offered by Ihnatowicz, et al. 1988. The studies of Kłoczowski 1998 and Kłoczowski 2000 present the history of Polish Christianity and analyze the relations between the Catholic and the Orthodox churches, as well as their attitude toward non-Christian groups. A comprehensive analysis of various ethnic and religious minorities in medieval Poland is presented in Drabina 1989, supplemented by selected sources in Polish translation from Drabina 1994.
Two recent studies, Samsonowicz 1993 and Janeczek 2003, offer general reflections on the functioning of ethnic minorities in late medieval Poland. In addition, they discuss concepts and terminology used in research on medieval ethnic, religious, and legal groups. Drabina, Jan, ed. Medieval Guilds. Interesting history, facts and information about the life of the peoplewho lived in England during the Medieval times Medieval GuildsThe Medieval Guilds were an important part of life in Medieval times.
A higher social status could be achieved through guild membership, and feudalism encouraged people to do this. There were many advantages of becoming a member of a guild. Guild members in Medieval Times were supported by the Guild if they became sick. There were two main kinds of Medieval guilds - Merchant Guilds and Craft Guilds. A man would have to work through three phases to become an elite member of a Medieval Guild during the Medieval times of the Middle Ages - apprentice, journeyman and master.
Medieval Craft GuildsMedieval London Guilds What were the Guilds? The Reasons why Medieval Guilds were establishedThe system of Feudalism during the Medieval times of the Middle Ages allowed the lords and owners of the land to tax the towns people and their trades. History: Middle Ages Timeline for Kids. The Middle Ages, or Medieval Times, in Europe was a long period of history from 500 AD to 1500 AD. That's 1000 years! It covers the time from the fall of the Roman Empire to the rise of the Ottoman Empire.
This was a time of castles and peasants, guilds and monasteries, cathedrals and crusades. Great leaders such as Joan of Arc and Charlemagne were part of the Middle Ages as well as major events such as the Black Plague and the rise of Islam. Cathedral built in the Middle Ages Middle Ages, Medieval Times, Dark Ages: What's the Difference? When people use the terms Medieval Times, Middle Ages, and Dark Ages they are generally referring to the same period of time. After the fall of the Roman Empire, a lot of the Roman culture and knowledge was lost. Although the term Middle Ages covers the years between 500 and 1500 throughout the world, this timeline is based on events specifically in Europe during that time.
Castle from the Middle Ages Timeline 476 - The fall of the Roman Empire. Germanic People - Tribes and Races. The Germanic Peoples (also called Teutonic in older literature) are a historical ethno-linguistic group, originating in Northern Europe and identified by their use of the Indo-European Germanic languages which diversified out of Common Germanic in the course of the Pre-Roman Iron Age. The descendants of these peoples became, and in many areas contributed to, the ethnic groups of North Western Europe: the Germans,Norwegians, Swedish, Finland-Swedes, Danish, Faroese, English, Icelanders,Austrians, Dutch and Flemish, and the inhabitants of Switzerland, Alsace, Lorraine (German: Lothringen) and Friesland on the continent. Migrating Germanic peoples spread throughout Europe in Late Antiquity (300-600) and the Early Middle Ages. Germanic languages became dominant along the Roman borders (Austria, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium and England), but in the rest of the (western) Roman provinces, the Germanic immigrants adopted Latin (Romance) dialects.
The History of The Term Germanic The Bronz Age. History: Middle Ages Timeline for Kids.