Pumapunku Coordinates: An example of high-precision small holes Stone blocks at Pumapunku Pumapunku or Puma Punku (Aymara and Quechua puma cougar, puma, punku door, hispanicized Puma Puncu) is part of a large temple complex or monument group that is part of the Tiwanaku Site near Tiwanaku, Bolivia. Tiwanaku is significant in Inca traditions because it is believed to be the site where the world was created. In Aymara, Puma Punku's name means "The Door of the Puma". The Pumapunku is a terraced earthen mound that is faced with blocks. The other stonework and facing of the Pumapunku consists of a mixture of andesite and red sandstone. At its peak, Pumapunku is thought to have been "unimaginably wondrous", adorned with polished metal plaques, brightly colored ceramic and fabric ornamentation, trafficked by costumed citizens, elaborately dressed priests and elites decked in exotic jewelry. Age Engineering Detail of stone with precisely cut straight line and tooled holes within the line
Machu Picchu Peru - a visual guide to the lost city of the Incas Machu Picchu - 25: Condor Temple THE TEMPLE OF THE CONDOR Part of what Bingham called the Prison Group, the Temple of the Condor contains large niches in its underground vaults that, according to him, may have been used for binding the wrists of prisoners. Again, not all experts agree and tend more towards the idea that it was another temple, particularly as there appears to be an altar in a natural fissure of the rock. If you have the time and the energy, make your way up to the Caretaker’s Hut and then hike a small stretch of the Inca Trail as far as the Sun Gate or Inti Punko.
Palmyra Palmyra /ˌpælˈmaɪərə/, (Aramaic: ܬܕܡܘܪܬܐ; Arabic: تدمر; Hebrew: תַּדְמוֹר; Ancient Greek: Παλμύρα), was an ancient Semitic city, located in Homs Governorate, Syria. Dating back to the Neolithic, Palmyra was first attested in the early second millennium BC, as a caravan stop for travelers crossing the Syrian Desert. The city is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible and in the annals of the Assyrian kings, then it was incorporated into the Seleucid Empire, followed by the Roman Empire which brought great prosperity. The Palmyrenes were mainly a mix of Amorites, Arameans and Arabs, in addition to a Jewish minority. The society was tribal and the inhabitants spoke their own dialect of Aramaic, in addition to Greek. Location and etymology History Efqa spring (dried up in 1994). Early period Hellenistic and Roman periods Temple of Bel, the main shrine. The lion of Al-lāt (first century AD), stood at the entrance of Bel's temple. Prosperity Odenaethus' alleged bust.
Kyoto Kyoto (京都市, Kyōto-shi?) (Japanese pronunciation: [kʲoːꜜto] ( )) historically known as Meaco is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu, Japan. It has a population close to 1.5 million. Formerly the imperial capital of Japan for more than one thousand years, it is now the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture located in the Kansai region, as well as a major part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area. Name 18th century map with the Japanese capital "Meaco" In Japanese, the city has been called Kyō (京), Miyako (都), or Kyō no Miyako (京の都). An obsolete spelling for the city's name is Kioto; it was formerly known to the West as Meaco (/miːækoʊ/; Japanese: 都; miyako, meaning "the seat of Imperial palace" or "capital".) History Daidairi and a panoramic view of Heian-kyō (restoration model) Origins Heian-kyō The city suffered extensive destruction in the Ōnin War of 1467-1477, and did not really recover until the mid-16th century. Geography Climate
How to Plan a Hiking Trip to Machu Picchu: 5 steps Edit Article Edited by Heather McCurdy, Harri, Teresa, Machupicchuholidays and 1 other www.TopTenAwesomeVacations.com found Machu Picchu to be a recurring event on the several of the Top Ten lists - it's one of the best ruins, one of the seven wonders of the world, and hiking the Inca Trail is an awesome pilgrimage. Because of all this, hiking the Inca Trail to Machu Piccu is ultimately a 'best in class' trip of a lifetime. Total budget for everything on this trip was approximately $2500 for all airfare, hotels, food, and extras from Seattle, WA . Ad Steps 1Plan a Year in Advance. Tips Layering: This way, as you advance into your hiking and get warmer or colder, you can adjust your clothing to suit.SAVING MONEY TIP: The competition between airlines is tough these days and many airlines may a Fare Guarantee, like Alaska, then keep watching your emails for price drops. Warnings Cotton is not a great fabric for this trip and could even be dangerous. Things You'll Need
Great Pyramid of Giza The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact. Based on a mark in an interior chamber naming the work gang and a reference to fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu, Egyptologists believe that the pyramid was built as a tomb over a 10 to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BC. Initially at 146.5 metres (481 feet), the Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. There are three known chambers inside the Great Pyramid. Transparent view of Khufu's pyramid from SE. History and description The pyramid remained the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years, unsurpassed until the 160-metre-tall (520 ft) spire of Lincoln Cathedral was completed c. 1300. Materials
Temple of the Condor, Machu Picchu Shared Academics NITLE Shared AcademicsTM models a new approach to liberal education – made possible through strategic collaboration, driven by shared knowledge, and supported by emerging technologies. Campuses learn how inter-institutional academic exchange works by actively participating in it, building the knowledge and experience to re-architect liberal education. View all seminars » Shared Practice NITLE Shared PracticeTM connects campuses with leading practices for integrating technology into liberal education. Use our self-assessment tool » Find a subject-area specialist » The Commons The Academic Commons provides leaders and innovators with a venue for exchanging ideas about the strategic integration of inquiry, pedagogy, and technology in liberal education. Join the AC beta site » Addressing MOOCs MOOCs: Opportunities, Impacts, and Challenges, by Michael Nanfito, available in print and Kindle formats »
Angkor Angkor (Khmer: អង្គរ or នគរ, "Capital City") is a region of Cambodia that served as the seat of the Khmer Empire, which flourished from approximately the 9th to 15th centuries. The word Angkor is derived from the Sanskrit nagara (नगर), meaning "city". The Angkorian period began in AD 802, when the Khmer Hindu monarch Jayavarman II declared himself a "universal monarch" and "god-king", and lasted until the late 14th century, first falling under Ayutthayan suzerainty in 1351. A Khmer rebellion resulted in the 1431 sacking of Angkor by Ayutthaya, causing its population to migrate south to Longvek. The ruins of Angkor are located amid forests and farmland to the north of the Great Lake (Tonlé Sap) and south of the Kulen Hills, near modern-day Siem Reap city (13°24′N, 103°51′E), in Siem Reap Province. Historical overview Map of the Angkor region Angkor Wat at sunrise Seat of the Khmer Empire Construction of Angkor Wat Buddhist monks at Angkor Jayavarman VII
Nara, Nara Nara (奈良市, Nara-shi?) is the capital city of Nara Prefecture located in the Kansai region of Japan. The city occupies the northern part of Nara Prefecture, directly bordering Kyoto Prefecture. Eight temples, shrines and ruins in Nara, specifically Tōdai-ji, Saidai-ji, Kōfuku-ji, Kasuga Shrine, Gangō-ji, Yakushi-ji, Tōshōdai-ji, and the Heijō Palace remain, together with Kasugayama Primeval Forest, collectively form "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara", a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Etymology There used to be a variety of transcription for Nara by Heian period. Various theories have been suggested over the origin of the name Nara, and here are five relatively famous ones. There is the idea in the Nihon shoki that Nara was derived from narasu (to flatten). History Nara was the capital of Japan from 710 to 784, lending its name to the Nara period. In 2010, Nara celebrated the 1,300th anniversary of its ascension as Japan's imperial capital. Modern Nara Geography
How to Travel to Machu Picchu Machu Picchu is Peru's most famous tourist attraction and one of the "New Seven Wonders of the World." Located high in the Andes Mountains of South America, the Machu Picchu ruins lure visitors from around the globe. Travel options to Machu Picchu are a bit limited because of the remote location and extreme altitude. Step 1 Travel by train from the highland city of Cuzco to the base of Machu Picchu. The ride from the city of Cuzco to Aguas Calientes takes around four hours on this train, as opposed to 3.5 hours on the other two trains. Step 2 Take the bus from the town of Aguas Calientes up the mountain to the Machu Picchu ruins. Step 3 Hike to Machu Picchu via the Inca Trail. The daily number of hikers allowed to access the trail is restricted, and the Peruvian government requires travelers to obtain a permit in advance in order to undertake this trek. About the Author David Thyberg began his writing career in 2007.
Monte Albán The partially excavated civic-ceremonial center of the Monte Albán site is situated atop an artificially-leveled ridge, which with an elevation of about 1,940 m (6,400 ft) above mean sea level rises some 400 m (1,300 ft) from the valley floor, in an easily defensible location. In addition to the aforementioned monumental core, the site is characterized by several hundred artificial terraces, and a dozen clusters of mounded architecture covering the entire ridgeline and surrounding flanks (Blanton 1978). The archaeological ruins on the nearby Atzompa and El Gallo hills to the north are traditionally considered to be an integral part of the ancient city as well. Besides being one of the earliest cities of Mesoamerica, Monte Albán's importance stems also from its role as the pre-eminent Zapotec socio-political and economic center for close to a thousand years. Research history Site plan for Monte Albán. Ballgame court Site history Aerial view of Monte Albán Monuments