background preloader

Medieval

Facebook Twitter

Crazy Medieval Medical Practices We Still Use. Medieval times were dark and without reason, or at least that’s what we’re taught to think. But contrary to this popular belief, many of our common medical practices have roots in this period. Of course the treatments have been refined and the instruments standardized, but many practices are relatively unchanged. So if you’ve ever wondered about the origins of modern medical procedures, check out our list of amazing ones from the Middle Ages which we still use today: #1 Bloodletting A.K.A Phlebotomy We’re all shocked and disgusted when we hear about medieval bloodletting, but this seemingly crazy practice is still used today. In ancient medicine, bloodletting was used for any number of ailments such as sore throats and the plague.

Astonishingly, some barbers even listed it as one of the services they performed! #2 Drilling Into Your Head? Ever have a headache so bad you’d be willing to have someone drill a hole in your head to make it stop? #3 Saving Sight, or Torture? 13 Strange Superstitions: Bizarre Beliefs from Around the World. Old English literature. Old English literature or Anglo-Saxon literature, encompasses literature written in Old English, in Anglo-Saxon England from the 7th century to the decades after the Norman Conquest of 1066. "Cædmon's Hymn", composed in the 7th century, according to Bede, is often considered the oldest extant poem in English, whereas the later poem, The Grave is one of the final poems written in Old English, and presents a transitional text between Old and Middle English.

The Peterborough Chronicle can also be considered a late-period text, continuing into the 12th century. The poem Beowulf, which often begins the traditional canon of English literature, is the most famous work of Old English literature. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle has also proven significant for historical study, preserving a chronology of early English history. Besides Old English literature, Anglo-Saxons wrote a number of Anglo-Latin works. Scholarship[edit] Extant manuscripts[edit] There are four major poetic manuscripts: Poetry[edit] English Medieval Literature. Medieval Literature. Medieval Narrative: Backgrounds of Medieval Literature. The Carnival Spirit in Medieval Europe The social structures dominating life in medieval Europe drew attention to the figures on top of the hierarchical ladders --kings and popes, lords and ladies, chivalric heroes--and to the institutions they represented and sustained.

But since life at the bottom of the ladder exists as well, a remarkably vibrant counter-culture challenged the orthodox vision. Side by side with serious epic poems, for example, appeared mock epics, often in the form of beast fables whose talking animals ridicule or parody the highflown utterances of traditional heroes. On every great Gothic cathedral, next to exquisite stained glass windows and rows of statued saints, lurk grotesque gargoyles, twisted, shocking, and amusing figures that entwine animal and human forms. Simply performing a necessary architectural function, these gargoyles drained water from the central strcture, but also commented ironically on the surrounding grandeur. Allegory Courtly Love Fortune 1. Introduction to Middle English Literature: The Medieval World. The Church The most important philosophical influence of the Middle Ages was the Church, which dominated life and literature. In medieval Britain, “the Church” referred to the Roman Catholic Church.

Canterbury Cathedral. Although works such as Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales reveal an exuberant, and often bawdy, sense of humor in the Middle Ages, people also seemed to have a pervasive sense of the brevity of human life and the transitory nature of life on earth. Plaque in Weymouth, England. Outbreaks of the plague, known as the Black Death, affected both the everyday lives and the philosophy of the Middle Ages. Bodiam Castle. Even beyond the outbreaks of plague, the Middle Ages were a dangerous, unhealthy time. With these conditions, it’s not surprising that people of the Middle Ages lived with a persistent sense of mortality and, for many, a devout grasp on the Church’s promise of Heaven. Fortuna spinning her Wheel of Fortune, from a work of Boccaccio. Rose window in the Basilica of St. Chivalry. Medieval Political Philosophy. 1. The Scope of Medieval Political Philosophy “Medieval” refers primarily to Europe (the term being applied to other cultures by analogy).

Medieval philosophy includes the “pre-scholastic”, “scholastic” and “late scholastic” periods. “Scholasticism” refers to the intellectual culture characteristic of the medieval schools. In the twelfth century schooling became a flourishing industry in Paris, Bologna and many other places. “Late scholasticism” conventionally begins with the fourteenth century and overlaps with the early modern period. The “pre-scholastic” medieval period includes Abelard and Anselm and the writers of the Carolingian age, but it is difficult to say how far back this period should be traced. By medieval political philosophy we understand the medieval writings on politics that are recognizably akin to the modern writings we class as political philosophy. 2. 2.1. Political ideas conveyed by the Bible include the following: 2.2 Slavery 2.3 Property 2.4 Pacifism 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. History - Ancient History in depth: Peoples of Britain.

English people. The English are a nation and an ethnic group native to England, who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ("family of the Angles"). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD.[6] England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth.

The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, football,[8] rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire. English nationality[edit] Relationship to Britishness[edit] Language: Why was the pope a powerful person in medieval Europe? | Yahoo Answers. Famous Medieval People. When looking at famous medieval people there really is a lot of ground to cover. The medieval period is roughly the thousand years between the 5th and 15th centuries and that is a lot of people. I have taken some of the more famous ones here and they include Kings and Queens, Knights, Writers and Religious figures. I guess you could say this is a look at the most famous medieval people because you have probably heard of most of them if not all of them.

A note from Will. You know as I was researching and writing this article I was awestruck by the people. King Arthur (5th-6th Century?) There is a lot of debate as to whether King Arthur actually existed. ) where he was purported to have won 12 military battles. Charlemagne (742-814) He was an Emperor and King who brought most of Western and Central Europe under his reign by a variety of means including military conquest. Leif Ericson ( 970-1020?) William the Conqueror (1028-1087) An added note by a web visitor Hi There.

Joan of Arc (1412-1431) Who's Who in Medieval England and Wales. Why was the church so powerful in medieval times. 1st Answer One reason the church was so powerful was the fact that clerics (church officials) were largely the only ones who could read. This meant that the common people had to rely on the priests to tell them what the Bible said, and what God intended them to do. Since most people were illiterate, they did not have access to the works of the great thinkers, such as Greek philosophers and Roman historians. Since the ideas of most great thinkers are built on a foundation of the thoughts of other great thinkers, the common man had no means of either reading or writing great ideas that did not come from the church. Before the invention of the movable type printing press by Gutenberg, books, scrolls, and other texts were carefully copied by church scribes who copied each page by hand.

When Gutenberg invented his printing press, he began to mass produce pages from the Bible. England in the Middle Ages. The Norman invasion of England in 1066 led to the defeat and replacement of the Anglo-Saxon elite with Norman and French nobles and their supporters. William the Conqueror and his successors took over the existing state system, repressing local revolts and controlling the population through a network of castles. The new rulers introduced a feudal approach to governing England, eradicating the practice of slavery but creating a much wider body of unfree labourers called serfs. The position of women in society changed as laws regarding land and lordship shifted. England's population more than doubled during the 12th and 13th centuries, fuelling an expansion of the towns, cities and trade, helped by warmer temperatures across Northern Europe. The 14th century in England saw the Great Famine and the Black Death, catastrophic events that killed around half of England's population, throwing the economy into chaos and undermining the old political order.

Political history[edit] Identity[edit] Middle Ages. Period of European history from the 5th to the 15th century In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or medieval period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages. Population decline, counterurbanisation, collapse of centralized authority, invasions, and mass migrations of tribes, which had begun in Late Antiquity, continued in the Early Middle Ages. During the High Middle Ages, which began after 1000, the population of Europe increased greatly as technological and agricultural innovations allowed trade to flourish and the Medieval Warm Period climate change allowed crop yields to increase.

Terminology and periodisation Later Roman Empire Notes.