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Understanding and restraining bystander effect.

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Coined in the year 1968 by social psychologists John M.

Darley and Bibb Latané, the bystander effect (also known as bystander apathy) refers to the socio-psychological theory that when other people are present in the environment, the likelihood of individuals offering assistance to a victim reduces. The bystander effect demonstrated (1) The bystander effect demonstrated (2) Bystander effect definition.

Bystander effect, the inhibiting influence of the presence of others on a person’s willingness to help someone in need.

Bystander effect definition

Research has shown that, even in an emergency, a bystander is less likely to extend help when he or she is in the real or imagined presence of others than when he or she is alone. Moreover, the number of others is important, such that more bystanders leads to less assistance, although the impact of each additional bystander has a diminishing impact on helping. Investigations of the bystander effect in the 1960s and ’70s sparked a wealth of research on helping behaviour, which has expanded beyond emergency situations to include everyday forms of helping. Factors affecting bystander effect. Research article - Bystander effect. Diffusion of responsibility. Diffusion of Responsibility (Video) Research Article - Diffusion of responsibility. Ambiguity of situation. Research Article - Ambiguity of situation (dangerous vs non-dangerous emergencies) & its related requirements for intervention. Group cohesiveness & social norms. Research Article - Group cohesiveness and social norms towards bystander intervention.

Research Article - Bystander effect in children: moral action inhibition due to conformity in school setting & moral dilemmas constructed by moral frames. Knowing some of the factors affecting bystander effect, which of these stages would an individual be stuck at when experiencing it? Mental exercise. 2009 Richmond High School gang rape. 150 minutes of terror: Richmond gang rape case. Anger and debate over hit-and-run toddler Wang Yue in China. Anger and debate have continued in the Chinese media and on the internet after the toddler left injured in a road after a hit-and-run accident died.

Anger and debate over hit-and-run toddler Wang Yue in China

Wang Yue, nicknamed "Little Yueyue" by China's netizens and press outlets, was run over by two vans last week in the southern Chinese province of Guangdong. Lying hurt in the road, she was ignored by 18 passers-by until an elderly lady came to her rescue. Many netizens and commentators have lashed out at the apparent coldness and detachment shown in the incident. But others have argued that ordinary citizens risk paying a price if they help strangers. Some have also criticised Wang Yue's parents for failing to fulfil their own responsibilities. Toddler hit-and-run in China; bystander effect. Cyberbullying Tragedy: New Jersey Family to Sue After 12-Year-Old Daughter's Suicide.

The family of a 12-year-old New Jersey girl — who took her own life after allegedly being cyberbullied by her classmates — is suing the school district, saying Tuesday that administrators were negligent in preventing abuse that led to their daughter's death.

Cyberbullying Tragedy: New Jersey Family to Sue After 12-Year-Old Daughter's Suicide

Dianne Grossman said when the school failed to stop the harassment towards her daughter, Mallory, she even tried approaching one alleged bully’s parent, begging the woman to ensure her child would stop. Her pleas were instantly dismissed, Grossman said. “I can confidently say I spoke to one of the parents the night before Mallory — before this. And I can tell you that the mother dismissed it, said it was just a big joke, and that I really shouldn’t worry about it,” Grossman said.

Cyberbullying. Bystanders’ Behavior in Cyberbullying Episodes: Active and Passive Patterns. Being a bystander in a medical emergency. Bystanders are Essential to Bullying Prevention and Intervention. Eliminating bystander effect by stages on an individual level. Eliminating bystander effect by stages on an individual level (elaborated) Transforming culture by eliminating bystander effect. Which of these aspects are within our control to change towards eliminating bystander effect? (Latané & Nida, 1981)

Research article - Overcoming bystander effect. Behavioural disinhibition towards eliminating bystander effect. Just afraid? Or are we just cruel? Bystander Revolution.