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Biome/Habitat Animal Printouts. Baby Eye Color Predictor Calculator | The laws of genetics state that eye color is inherited as follows: 1. If both parents have blue eyes, the children will have blue eyes. 2. The brown eye form of the eye color gene (or allele) is dominant, whereas the blue eye allele is recessive. 3. If both parents have brown eyes yet carry the allele for blue eyes, a quarter of the children will have blue eyes, and three quarters will have brown eyes.

What eye color will your baby have? Our eye color calculator tool will help you calcuate the chances of your baby having certain eye colors. Eye color is determined by three governing factors: The parents eye colorsWhether the parents are homozygous or heterozygous for that colorIf the parents genes for eye colors are dominant or recessive In general, inheritance of eye color is considered "polygenic". Parents can carry both of the same gene (homozygous), or, what is more likely, they carry a more dominant gene, and another less dominant gene (heterozygous). Baby eye colour predictor Sign up now to receive your Free HotMilk maternity underwear Win a 6 month supply of Huggies products Many parents-to-be spend hours wondering who their baby will take after. Will they have blue eyes like theirs? Or will they have striking green eyes like Great Aunt Jane?

All babies are born with blue eyes, regardless of the eye colours of their parents. This is because newborns have not yet started producing the pigment ‘melanin’ which is a dark brown colour in the irises of their eyes. A child’s true eye colour cannot be determined until the age of three. To find out what colour eyes your little bub will most likely have try the Huggies the eye calculator. Note: This calculation is an estimate only, and is based on two generations of eye colours in your family. There are three eye colour genes which are known to scientists but only two of these are well understood. Genes are the basic unit of heredity, they determine many characteristics about a baby. Quick Trait Calculator - Genetic Heredity Calculator. Note These calculators use simplified models to calculate traits and their certainty is far from 100% due to the fact that human genetics is far more complex than a simple mendelian dominant/recessive model.

Personal Report and Heredity Report give better results, providing that you had your genome sequenced by a commercial personal genomics companies like 23andMe, deCODEMe or Family Tree DNA. In any case, these reports do not substitute for clinical tests, genetic counseling or paternity/maternity tests. If you have questions about your genetic heritage, its relation to diseases or any other health-related issues you should consult your doctor. Alcohol Flush Reaction Alcohol flush reaction is a condition in which an individual's face or body experiences flushes or blotches as a result of an accumulation of acetaldehyde, a metabolic byproduct of the metabolism of alcohol.

This calculator uses a single gene incomplete dominance model. More information on Alcohol Flush Reaction: Cleft chin. Color Blind Chart. Pattern baldness in men is a sex-influenced trait. It is not an X-linked trait like color blindness and hemophilia. Baldness is an autosomal trait and is apparently influenced by sex hormones after people reach 30 years of age or older. This condition is inherited as a simple Mendelian trait, although the biochemical mechanism is complex. There are other causes for baldness not related to simple Mendelian genetics, such as illness, severe stress, and pulling one's hair out by the roots.

In men the gene is dominant, while in women it is recessive. A man needs only one allele (B) for the baldness trait to be expressed, while a bald woman must be homozygous for the trait (BB). If B is the allele for baldness and b is the allele for normal hair, a bald man can be heterozygous (Bb) or homozygous bald (BB). If you are a man with a bald father, you are doomed to lose your hair if your father is homozygous bald (BB). Baldness Thinking Question. Acquired traits can be inherited via small RNAs. Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) researchers have found the first direct evidence that an acquired trait can be inherited without any DNA involvement. The findings suggest that Lamarck, whose theory of evolution was eclipsed by Darwin's, may not have been entirely wrong. The study is slated to appear in the Dec. 9 issue of Cell.

"In our study, roundworms that developed resistance to a virus were able to pass along that immunity to their progeny for many consecutive generations," reported lead author Oded Rechavi, PhD, associate research scientist in biochemistry and molecular biophysics at CUMC. "The immunity was transferred in the form of small viral-silencing agents called viRNAs, working independently of the organism's genome. " In an early theory of evolution, Jean Baptiste Larmarck (1744-1829) proposed that species evolve when individuals adapt to their environment and transmit those acquired traits to their offspring.

Dr. Kentucky Blues. The story of an Appalachian malady, an inquisitive doctor, and a paradoxical cure. by Cathy Trost ©Science 82, November, 1982 Six generations after a French orphan named Martin Fugate settled on the banks of eastern 's Troublesome Creek with his redheaded American bride, his great-great-great great grandson was born in a modern hospital not far from where the creek still runs. The boy inherited his father's lankiness and his mother's slightly nasal way of speaking. What he got from Martin Fugate was dark blue skin. Doctors were so astonished by the color of Benjy Stacy's skin that they raced him by ambulance from the maternity ward in the hospital near Hazard to a medical clinic in . A transfusion was being prepared when Benjy's grandmother spoke up. "My grandmother Luna on my dad's side was a blue Fugate.

Benjy lost his blue tint within a few weeks, and now he is about as normal looking a seven-year-old boy as you could hope to find. Cawein is no stranger to eccentricities of the body. Genetics Animations. Animations. What Color Eyes will your Children Have? Simulations. Drag-and-Drop Genetics: Monohybrid. Sickle Cell DNA. Genetic Disorders. Detective Punnett Square: connecting families by genetics. DNA - RNA - Protein. DNA Interactive: Discovering the DNA Structure and beyond.

DNA Damage. DNA From The Beginning. GenomePoster2009.pdf. Amazing! Scientists: Our DNA is Mutating As We Speak! We Are Developing 12 Strands! A microscopic image of human chromosomes. Little Alfie Clamp has an 'extra arm' on one of his, in what is believed to be a world first.His condition left Alfie unable to see until he was three months old and his muscles were so weak he could not roll over on his own. He still suffers serious digestive problems and needs a cocktail of drugs every day to help his body absorb vital nutrients. He also suffers fits which sparked by high temperatures and metabolic problems stop him from eating or drinking. Since he was born, Alfie has been rushed to hospital six times - including twice just last month - when he stopped breathing. Mr Clamp said: 'The doctors told us there is nothing we could have done to prevent it.

II. By Patricia Resch The content has been removed at the request of Patricia Resch. III. It is speculated that the human beings already had 12 DNA strands hundreds of thousands of years ago, but someone or something interfered in our evolution, downgrading us to only two. Dizziness. DNA from the Beginning - An animated primer of 75 experiments that made modern genetics. What is DNA and how does it work? 18 Things You Should Know About Genetics. Introduction to Genetics.

Ghost in Your Genes. Cracking the Code of Life. Cracking the Code of Life PBS Airdate: April 17, 2001 ROBERT KRULWICH: When I look at this—and these are the three billion chemical letters, instructions for a human being—my eyes glaze over. But when scientist Eric Lander looks at this he sees stories. ERIC LANDER (Whitehead Institute/MIT): The genome is a storybook that's been edited for a couple billion years.

And you could take it to bed like A Thousand and One Arabian Nights, and read a different story in the genome every night. ROBERT KRULWICH: This is the story of one of the greatest scientific adventures ever, and at the heart of it is a small, very powerful molecule, DNA. For the past ten years, scientists all over the world have been painstakingly trying to read the tiny instructions buried inside our DNA. J. ROBERT KRULWICH: And what it's telling us is so surprising and so strange and so unexpected. ERIC LANDER: How different are you from a banana? ERIC LANDER: You may feel different... ROBERT KRULWICH: I eat a banana. We asked Dr. Human Genome Project. Genetic Disorders. DNA from the Beginning -animated experiments. DNA from the Beginning is organized around key concepts. The science behind each concept is explained by: animation, image gallery, video interviews, problem, biographies, and links. DNAftb blog: It's the season of hibernation, something I've always wished I could do.

Oh, to wrap up in a ball, sleep away the winter, and wake to a beautiful spring day – like Bambi! Although the thought has always intrigued me, it never really occurred to me what a feat hibernation actually is. It turns out that all of the bears, squirrels, rabbits ... that I thought were just sleeping, are breaking biological laws!! If I was to stay dormant for 5 months, without food or drink and little to no movement in freezing temperatures [...]

Feature: We have relaunched the Weed to Wonder site as a flexible "e-book" that can be viewed as a website, an app, or a printable PDF. Mailing List Gene News - Scientists create living organ in mice in world-first breakthrough Find the DNALC on: Language options: DNA Learning Center. Virtual blood typing lab. Stem cell controversy. The stem cell controversy is the ethical debate centered only with research involving the creation, usage, and destruction of human embryos. Most commonly, this controversy focuses on embryonic stem cells. Not all stem cell research involves the creation, usage and destruction of human embryos. For example, adult stem cells, amniotic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells do not involve creating, using or destroying human embryos and thus are minimally, if at all, controversial.

Background[edit] Since stem cells have the ability to differentiate into any type of cell, they offer something in the development of medical treatments for a wide range of conditions. Treatments that have been proposed include treatment for physical trauma, degenerative conditions, and genetic diseases (in combination with gene therapy).

Yet further treatments using stem cells could potentially be developed thanks to their ability to repair extensive tissue damage.[1] Viewpoints[edit] Endorsement[edit] X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy. X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a genetic disorder that occurs primarily in males. It mainly affects the nervous system and the adrenal glands, which are small glands located on top of each kidney. In this disorder, the fatty covering (myelin) that insulates nerves in the brain and spinal cord is prone to deterioration (demyelination), which reduces the ability of the nerves to relay information to the brain. In addition, damage to the outer layer of the adrenal glands (adrenal cortex) causes a shortage of certain hormones (adrenocortical insufficiency).

Adrenocortical insufficiency may cause weakness, weight loss, skin changes, vomiting, and coma. There are three distinct types of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy: a childhood cerebral form, an adrenomyeloneuropathy type, and a form called Addison disease only. Children with the cerebral form of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy experience learning and behavioral problems that usually begin between the ages of 4 and 10. Blue-eyed Humans Have A Single, Common Ancestor.

New research shows that people with blue eyes have a single, common ancestor. A team at the University of Copenhagen have tracked down a genetic mutation which took place 6-10,000 years ago and is the cause of the eye colour of all blue-eyed humans alive on the planet today. What is the genetic mutation "Originally, we all had brown eyes," said Professor Hans Eiberg from the Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. "But a genetic mutation affecting the OCA2 gene in our chromosomes resulted in the creation of a "switch," which literally "turned off" the ability to produce brown eyes. " Limited genetic variation Variation in the colour of the eyes from brown to green can all be explained by the amount of melanin in the iris, but blue-eyed individuals only have a small degree of variation in the amount of melanin in their eyes. Nature shuffles our genes The mutation of brown eyes to blue represents neither a positive nor a negative mutation.

New Clues About Human Ancestry. RedOrbit Staff & Wire Reports – Your Universe Online For the first time, scientists have been able to trace human ancestry through the male line by sequencing the DNA of multiple entire Y chromosomes – and this so-called “Adam” lived during roughly the same time period as the female most recent common ancestor (MRCA), mitochondrial “Eve,” they have discovered.

The MRCAs, mitochondrial Eve and Y-chromosomal Adam, are two individuals who passed down a portion of their genomes to the bulk of humanity, the study authors explained. Much of our lineage remains a mystery, but now scientists have determined the two of them roughly overlapped during evolutionary time. Stanford University genetics professor Dr. “Previous research has indicated that the male MRCA lived much more recently than the female MRCA, but now our research shows that there’s no discrepancy,” Bustamante said, noting previous estimates had placed “Adam” as living between 50,000 to 115,000 years ago.

Understanding Genetics: Human Health and the Genome. Tech Topics: Genetics: Genetics lesson. Genetics extra credit. Flashcards for Basic Principles of Genetics: Stack 1. Flashcards for Basic Principles of Genetics: Stack 2. Genetic map. Genetics Practice Problems. Genetics Practice Problems You may type in your own answers, then check to see if you were right. If you’re totally stumped, you can tell the computer to show you the answer to a particular question. Monohybrid Cross: In humans, brown eyes (B) are dominant over blue (b)*.

A brown-eyed man marries a blue-eyed woman and they have three children, two of whom are brown-eyed and one of whom is blue-eyed. Draw the Punnett square that illustrates this marriage. (* Actually, the situation is complicated by the fact that there is more than one gene involved in eye color, but for this example, we’ll consider only this one gene.) Testcross: In dogs, there is an hereditary deafness caused by a recessive gene, “d.” Incomplete Dominance: Note: at least one textbook I’ve seen also uses this as an example of pleiotropy (one gene – multiple effects), though to my mind, the malaria part of this is not a direct “effect” of the gene.

A photo, taken by Dr. Dihybrid Cross: Multiple Alleles and Codominance: Ms. How Mendel's pea plants helped us understand genetics - Hortensia Jiménez Díaz. Practicing Punnett Squares. Cells from eyes of dead 'may give sight to blind' 31 January 2014Last updated at 22:36 ET By James Gallagher Health and science reporter, BBC News The necessary cells can be found in the back of everyone's eyes Cells taken from the donated eyes of dead people may be able to give sight to the blind, researchers suggest.

Tests in rats, reported in Stem Cells Translational Medicine, showed the human cells could restore some vision to completely blind rats. The team at University College London said similar results in humans would improve quality of life, but would not give enough vision to read. Human trials should begin within three years. Donated corneas are already used to improve some people's sight, but the team at the Institute for Ophthalmology, at UCL, extracted a special kind of cell from the back of the eye. These Muller glia cells are a type of adult stem cell capable of transforming into the specialised cells in the back of the eye and may be useful for treating a wide range of sight disorders. Continue reading the main story. GMO: Are we playing God? Genetically-modified purple tomatoes heading for shops. Geneticplasticeggs. The Blood Typing Game. CER MitosisMeiosis Final Draft. Virtual Pedigree Lab.

Drag-and-Drop Pedigree 1: Tongue Rolling. Pedigree Quests - Genetics. Virtual Lab: Punnett Squares. Web Lab: Punnett Squares. GeneEd - Genetics, Education, Discovery. Genetics. DNA and Genetics Interactive. Comparison of Meiosis and Mitosis (Quiz 1) Genetic Diseases May Receive Help from Modified HIV Virus. Harmonizing a Broken Heart: Stem Cells Keep Cardiac Beat in Synchrony. Is the Will to Work Out Genetically Determined? The search for a genetic killer. Genes are regulated by microRNA sponges. Immune cells chow down on living brain | Body & Brain. First monkeys with customized mutations born. Family violence leaves genetic imprint on children -- ScienceDaily.