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The Standard Model. The theories and discoveries of thousands of physicists since the 1930s have resulted in a remarkable insight into the fundamental structure of matter: everything in the universe is found to be made from a few basic building blocks called fundamental particles, governed by four fundamental forces.

The Standard Model

Our best understanding of how these particles and three of the forces are related to each other is encapsulated in the Standard Model of particle physics. Developed in the early 1970s, it has successfully explained almost all experimental results and precisely predicted a wide variety of phenomena. Over time and through many experiments, the Standard Model has become established as a well-tested physics theory. Matter particles. Pie.jpg (JPEG Image, 790 × 600 pixels)


Einstein for Everyone. Einstein for Everyone Nullarbor Press 2007revisions 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 Copyright 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 John D.

Einstein for Everyone

Norton Published by Nullarbor Press, 500 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 with offices in Liberty Ave., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 15222 All Rights Reserved John D. An advanced sequel is planned in this series:Einstein for Almost Everyone 2 4 6 8 9 7 5 3 1 ePrinted in the United States of America no trees were harmed web*bookTM This book is a continuing work in progress. January 1, 2015. Preface For over a decade I have taught an introductory, undergraduate class, "Einstein for Everyone," at the University of Pittsburgh to anyone interested enough to walk through door. With each new offering of the course, I had the chance to find out what content worked and which of my ever so clever pedagogical inventions were failures.

At the same time, my lecture notes have evolved. This text owes a lot to many. I i i. Personal and Historical Perspectives of Hans Bethe. The Five Great Problems in Theoretical Physics - Lee Smolin's Five Great Problems in Theoretical Physics. Famous Astronomers and Astrophysicists.


Probing The Matrix: Is our universe simulated, and if so… by who? Interpreting the universe as a computer simulation is perhaps the inevitable byproduct of living in the computer age.

Probing The Matrix: Is our universe simulated, and if so… by who?

The question today is not whether we live inside a simulation, but rather — what does it want, and what compromises with regard to the welfare its inhabitants might have been made to get it? The first rudimentary experiments to poke it in the belly and see how it jiggles are just getting underway. If it’s possible to hack the universe, then particle physicists must be its early phone phreakers. Fears, which turned out to exaggerated, were raised few years ago that a black hole might unwittingly be created inside the Large Hadron Collider. Millennium Simulation Project. Introduction: The Millennium Simulation The Millennium Run used more than 10 billion particles to trace the evolution of the matter distribution in a cubic region of the Universe over 2 billion light-years on a side.

Millennium Simulation Project

It kept busy the principal supercomputer at the Max Planck Society's Supercomputing Centre in Garching, Germany for more than a month. By applying sophisticated modelling techniques to the 25 Tbytes of stored output, Virgo scientists have been able to recreate evolutionary histories both for the 20 million or so galaxies which populate this enormous volume and for the supermassive black holes which occasionally power quasars at their hearts. The Millenium Simulation HD - A journey through the Universe. Jay Alfred - Acupuncture Meridians & the Cosmic Spider Web. Posted on Friday, 2 March, 2007 | 1 comment Columnist: Jay Alfred In 1999 computer simulations of magnetic fields in galaxy clusters by Klaus Dolag revealed that galaxy clusters are embedded in a large-scale spider-web-like structure of filaments.

Extensive galaxy surveys also show that structures resembling sheets and filaments characterize the distribution of galaxies. Consistent with the simulations, this distribution resembles a complicated spider's web several hundred mega parsecs in diameter. According to Nobel laureate, Hans Alfvén, space is filled with a network of currents which transfer energy and momentum over large distances. Invisible Filaments in SpaceAstronomers say that the filamentary structures are so hot that it would generally be invisible to optical, infrared, and radio telescopes. . - Click here to view filament diagram - © Copyright 2007 Jay Alfred Article Copyright© Jay Alfred - reproduced with permission. The Known Universe by AMNH. Stephen Hawking - Home. Welcome to Explorations in Science with Dr. Michio Kaku.

7 Space Simulators That Let You Explore the Universe. Why should Mars rovers have all the fun?

7 Space Simulators That Let You Explore the Universe

If you're tired of standing by while Curiosity rolls around up there, it's time to head out on the open exosphere and explore the universe for yourself — digitally, of course. SEE ALSO: 10 Must-Follow Tumblrs for Science Lovers A handful of excellent space simulators use real astronomical data to re-create the known universe in three dimensions. Fly through the galaxy at ludicrous speeds, map out humanity's best hope for extrasolar colonization, or mess with physics to create your own cosmic recipes.

Some of these simulations stick to our own solar system, while others push the boundaries of our cosmological projections, procedurally generating star systems far beyond our galactic neighborhood. Home. The Most Astounding Fact - Neil deGrasse Tyson. The Scale of the Universe 2. 100,000 Stars. Instant Expert: Theory of everything. Imagining the Tenth Dimension part 1 of 2.

Imagining the Tenth Dimension. Imagining the Tenth Dimension - A Book by Rob Bryanton. Bad Astronomy. A new paper just published in the prestigious Astrophysical Journal makes a stunning claim: There are 10 times as many galaxies in the Universe as we previously thought.

Bad Astronomy

At least. The total number comes in at about 2 trillion of them. Now, let me be clear. This doesn’t meant the Universe is 10 times bigger than we thought, or there are 10 times as many stars. I’ll explain—I mean, duh, it’s what I do—but to cut to the chase, what they found is that there are lots of teeny, faint galaxies very far away that have gone undetected.

Welcome to the 11th Dimension The Elegant Universe PBS NOVA.