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Exploring a beautiful, 23-year-old food forest in New Zealand (Video) Green Manures/Cover Crops. By Will Bonsall The terms "green manure," "cover crop," "soiling crop" and "catch crop" are often used interchangeably, which is not quite accurate, but for this article I'm lumping them all together.

Green Manures/Cover Crops

I refer to any crop that is planted not for food but to protect the soil from erosion or drying out, to add fertility and organic structure to the soil, to smother weeds, and sometimes for special purposes such as making soil minerals such as phosphorus more available to following crops. The obvious gain from a cover crop is the massive creation of humus-building material, seemingly out of nothing. That is, the main component elements of organic matter – H, C, O and N – are in the very air, infinitely replaceable, ready to be sequestered by the living community of the soil.

Patterns and Permaculture. 03/16 Pattern Application. Patterns in Nature - Geoff Lawton. Swale Pathways (Tasmania, Australia) IPCUK 2015 Joel Williams Introduction to soil biology and the soil food web International Permacu. Identifying Plant Nutrient Deficiencies - Permablitz Melbourne. Not all plant problems are caused by insects or diseases.

Identifying Plant Nutrient Deficiencies - Permablitz Melbourne

Sometimes an unhealthy plant is suffering from a nutrient deficiency or even too much of any one nutrient. Plant nutrient deficiencies often manifest as foliage discoloration or distortion. The following chart outlines some possible problems. Unfortunately many problems have similar symptoms and sometimes it is a combination of problems. Be sure you eliminate the obvious before you kill your plants with kindness. Check first for signs of insects or disease.Foliage discoloration and stunted plants can easily be caused by soil that is too wet and drains poorly or soil that is too compacted for good root growth.Extreme cold or heat will slow plant growth and effect flowering and fruit set.Too much fertilizer can result in salt injury.

How to Make Rooting Hormone with Willow - Attainable Sustainable. Soils by Geoff Lawton. Study finds fungi, not plant matter, responsible for most carbon sequestration in northern forests. ( —A new study undertaken by a diverse group of scientists in Sweden has found that contrary to popular belief, most of the carbon that is sequestered in northern boreal forests comes about due to fungi that live on and in tree roots, rather than via dead needles, moss and leaf matter.

Study finds fungi, not plant matter, responsible for most carbon sequestration in northern forests

In their paper published in the journal Science, the team describes their findings after taking soil samples from 30 islands in two lakes in northern Sweden. Scientists have known for quite some time that northern forests sequester a lot of carbon—they pull in carbon dioxide after all, and "breath" out oxygen. But what the trees actually do with the carbon has been a matter of debate—most have suggested that it's likely carried to needles and leaves then eventually drops to the forest floor where over time decomposition causes it to leech into the soil. Explore further: Carbon sink capacity in northern forests reduced by global warming.

Perennial Vegetables to Plant Once and Enjoy For Years To Come!!! Perennial vegetables—crops that you plant just once and harvest year after year—are relatively rare in North American gardens.

Perennial Vegetables to Plant Once and Enjoy For Years To Come!!!

With the exception of asparagus, rhubarb and artichokes, most gardeners are probably unaware of the tasty, extremely low-maintenance bounty that can be harvested when many annual crops aren’t available. A Brief History of Perennial Crops According to Perennial Vegetables by Eric Toensmeier, most North American gardening and farming traditions come from Europe, where there are very few perennial crops except fruits and nuts. Cold and temperate Eurasian agriculture centered around livestock, annual grains and legumes, and early European settlers to North America simply brought their seeds and their cultivation methods with them, including draft animals for plowing up the soil every year. However, in more temperate and tropical areas of the world, including much of North America, perennial root, starch and fruit crops were actively bred, selected and cultivated.

Tony Lovell: Soil Carbon. Allan Savory’s TED talk is wrong, and the benefits of holistic grazing have been debunked. Photo by Vyacheslav Oseledko/AFP/Getty Images When Allan Savory finished his TED talk early last month, foodies worldwide collectively salivated.

Allan Savory’s TED talk is wrong, and the benefits of holistic grazing have been debunked.

In roughly 22 minutes, Savory, a biologist and former member of the Rhodesian Parliament, challenged the conventional wisdom blaming livestock for the degradation of global grasslands into hardpan deserts. It has long been a basic tenet of environmentalism that 10,000 years of overgrazing has caused this desertification. Environmentalists insist that to restore degraded landscapes, we must reduce the presence of cattle, eat less meat, and allow ecosystems to repair themselves.

Allan Savory: How to green the world's deserts and reverse climate change. How to Design Your Perennial Farm and Your Life - Insights from Mark Shepard - Permaculture Apprentice. Regrarian Handbook. *1.

Regrarian Handbook

CLIMATE CHAPTER’ eHANDBOOK (77 pages) available NOW for only AUD$5!! *ON SALE as a FULL HARDCOPY late-2015!! The ‘Regrarians Handbook’ is a succinct & sequential outline of over 300 integrated methodologies and techniques that have been proven over many years of universal application to work towards regenerating human & livestock’s lives along with production landscapes. It does so in a wholly practical, positive & pragmatic fashion, promising to be a relatively ageless tome that generations of users will refer to as they negotiate the design, development & management of systems they operate. Darren has joined forces with ‘Permaculture: A Designers’ Manual‘ (1988) Designer, Illustrator & Editor Andrew Jeeves in what promises to be the production of an ‘instant classic’.

“…The layout by Andrew Jeeves is informative, attractive and simple; his drawings express concisely points sometimes belaboured in the text. David Holmgren Interview on Permaculture, Energy Descent & Future Scenarios. David Holmgren Interview (Part 1 of 3) Dirt! The Movie (FULL) Symphony of the Soil. International Biochar Initiative. Biochar Workshop Part 1, How to Make Biochar. Biochar. Biochar created through the pyrolysis process.


History[edit] Tree Disease identification, symptoms, treatment options for tree diseases. There are many different diseases that affect landscape trees and shrubs.

Tree Disease identification, symptoms, treatment options for tree diseases

Control of tree and shrub diseases cannot be properly accomplished until the disease pest is identified. Tree Encyclopedia. Trees have three principle features that distinguish them from all other plants.

Tree Encyclopedia

First, they have a woody stem, roots and branches which do not die back in winter, but continue to grow year after year. From the moment of its germination, a tree remains visible; from the tallest Sequoia to the smallest garden fruit tree, this principle of growth remains constant. Second, trees live longer than any other organism on earth. Trees commonly live more than 1,000 years, and many grow considerably older. The Green Cone is a backyard solar digester that reduces 90% of food waste. This ingenious digester/composter, made in Ontario, is the simple, natural way to divert food waste from landfills.

The Green Cone is a backyard solar digester that reduces 90% of food waste

No matter how much I think about reducing food waste while shopping and cooking, there will always be food scraps left over. My town does not have green bins or organic waste collection of any kind, which means that each household is responsible for dealing with the piles of food waste generated on a daily basis – and I always have a lot, since I cook so much. How to make an INEXPENSIVE HOE for EFFICIENT WEEDING, 'Recycle Strap Hoe'. Weeds beware !

Dirt! The Movie. Permies: a big crowd of permaculture goofballs. When to Plant App. When to Plant App The When to Plant app is available now for $1.99! Knowing the best times to start seeds, direct sow and transplant garden crops is key to growing a successful garden. Our When to Plant app — recommended in Wired magazine's App Guide as a Top Pick for gardening apps — gives you the best planting times for vegetables, herbs, fruit, cover crops and common companion planting flowers. By using your ZIP code and a database of almost 5,000 weather stations across North America, the When to Plant app locates average frost dates for your garden from the nearest station, and calculates the best range of planting dates for each crop. This app is a helpful tool for spring, summer and fall planting. The When to Plant app is available in the Apple App Store for $1.99 and is compatible with iPhone, iPod touch and iPad.

Ollas: Unglazed Clay Pots for Garden Irrigation. A Sri Lankan villager fills his olla Photo copyright © Craig Mackintosh I first encountered the concept of using unglazed clay vessels for sub-surface irrigation in Bill Mollison’s “The Global Gardener” film series. Mollison comments that the technique might be, to paraphrase, “the most efficient irrigation system in the world.” More recently I noted with interest that the fine folks at Path to Freedom were employing these clay pots for some of their raised beds, which led me to wonder about how I might experiment with them as a potential sub-surface irrigation system.

Here’s what I found…. The New Automatic Olla Watering System Where Your Plants Water Themselves 24/7. 10 Easy DIY Free Greenhouse Plans. My Life My Trees E-Book - Richard St Barbe Baker. Drill-powered Microfarming: Slow Tools for Humanity - Milkwood. Sun Hive Book. How the round, bee-friendly Sun Hive may help save the bees (Video) There's ongoing debate in the backyard beekeeping community about which type of hive offers the best balance between what the bees need and honey production. Grow plants from your groceries, like ginger root and pineapple! Grow your own ginger Ginger is an essential ingredient in Asian cooking.

Growing your own is easy and provides an endless supply of ginger for your cooking. How to Grow an Endless Supply of Garlic Indoors. Other than being one of the healthiest food out there, garlic is also easy to be grown indoors. 10 Incredible Uses for Epsom Salt in the Garden. Love gardening? A Best-Practices Guide to Growing Tomatoes: Tomato Basics. DIY $2 self-watering garden bed - Grow produce easily, even in the toughest drought conditions -

Recycling animal and human dung is the key to sustainable farming. Bill Mollison Permaculture Lecture Series On-Line. How to make a bamboo polytunnel. We used a local renewable material, caña (like bamboo). Advancing Eco-Agriculture. Soils. EcoGEM Gypsum and how it corrects aluminum toxicity in the subsoil - EcoGEM. Soil Aluminum and Test Interpretation. How To Pick Apples The Correct Way. Natural Beekeeping: Tips for catching a swarm.

Free Permaculture Design Course Videos. How to Grow Perennial Vegetables. Opentree3.0:1 - opentree. First comprehensive Tree of Life illustrates relationships between 2.3 million species. How to: create a Planting Calendar, Allsun style. Making a DIY Bathtub Aquaponics System - Milkwood. How to make Best Ever Seed Raising Mix. Seedballs: from Fukuoka to Green Guerillas. Making: Seed Balls: for getting things growing in unlikely places.

Podcast 007: Discussion with Larry Korn About Masanobu Fukuoka (permaculture podcast forum at permies) Tree Crops - J. Russell Smith. Researching: Dovecotes as wild nutrient collectors - Milkwood - Courses + Skills for Real LifeMilkwood – Courses + Skills for Real Life. Free Wild Plant Identification eCourse. Soil Minerals Home: organic garden soil minerals, trace minerals, fertilizers and soil testing for gardens, landscapes, and sustainable agriculture.


Garden Pool. Permaculture. RESTORATION SEEDS - dandelion & chicory. The Soil Solution to Climate Change Film. Perennialsolutions - perennial grains co-creation possibilities. Growing and Marketing Ginseng, Goldenseal and other Woodland Medicinals. Nut Trees Walnuts, hardy Pecan, Butternuts, Hickory, Heartnuts, Ginko, Buartnut. Tea Plant - Green Tea Plant. Perennial Vegetables by Eric Toensmeier. How to Prune an Apple Tree, a guide for real people with imperfect trees. Horizon Herbs Chinese Licorice. The Pawpaw: A Southern Delicacy - Of Mice and Mountain Men Blog. 22 trees that can be tapped for sap and syrup. Winter Care of Your Fruit Trees — Seed Savers Exchange.

A Practical Guide for Permaculturists Living Free.


6,000 lbs of food on 1/10th acre - Urban Farm - Urban Homestead - Growing Your Own Food. Compact Window Hydroponic Gardening System Fits Tight Urban Spaces. Wild foods bushfoods foraging. The Sun Hive: experimental Natural Beekeeping. Conservation Biology. Regenerative Leadership Institute › Log In. FREE permaculture eBooks & free environmental eBook downloads. Soils. Soil Detoxification and Preparation. Honey On Tap From Your Own Beehive - Flow™ Hive Home.

HOW TO GROW A LEMON TREE FROM SEED! WORKS EVERY TIME ! How to plant an apple tree REALLY well. Coppicing - A Lost Art Revisited - Verge Permaculture. The Jean Pain Way. Bill Mollison Permaculture Lecture Series On-Line. The Genius of Jean Pain. The Jean Pain Way.