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Language and the Human Experience

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Alien Languages May Not Be Entirely Alien to Us. Human contact with alien civilizations may be more likely than we think.

Alien Languages May Not Be Entirely Alien to Us

The Top 10 Most Spoken Languages Across the Globe. The Briefing As of March 15, 2021, COVID has claimed the lives of almost 2.7 million people worldwideThat’s 0.03% of the global populationWe’ll be updating this graphic as the current pandemic continues Visualizing the World’s Deadliest Pandemics Humanity has been battling against disease for centuries.

The Top 10 Most Spoken Languages Across the Globe

Ranked: The Countries with the Most Linguistic Diversity. The Briefing As of March 15, 2021, COVID has claimed the lives of almost 2.7 million people worldwideThat’s 0.03% of the global populationWe’ll be updating this graphic as the current pandemic continues Visualizing the World’s Deadliest Pandemics Humanity has been battling against disease for centuries.

Ranked: The Countries with the Most Linguistic Diversity

And while most contagious outbreaks have never reached full-blown pandemic status, there have been several times throughout history when a disease has caused mass devastation. Here’s a look at the world’s deadliest pandemics to date, viewed from the lens of the impact they had on the global population at the time. ‘Special and Beautiful’ Whistled Language Echoes Around This Island.

Two whistlers might struggle to understand each other, particularly during their first encounters — and need to ask each other to repeat sentences — like strangers who speak the same language with different accents.

‘Special and Beautiful’ Whistled Language Echoes Around This Island

But “after whistling together for a while, their communication becomes as easy as if speaking Spanish,” Mr. Correa said. As is the case in many languages, whether whistled or not, there is a generation gap on La Gomera. 25 Words That Are Their Own Opposites. Here’s an ambiguous sentence for you: “Because of the agency’s oversight, the corporation’s behavior was sanctioned.”

25 Words That Are Their Own Opposites

Does that mean, "Because the agency oversaw the company’s behavior, they imposed a penalty for some transgression," or does it mean, "Because the agency was inattentive, they overlooked the misbehavior and gave it their approval by default"? We’ve stumbled into the looking-glass world of contronyms—words that are their own antonyms. 1.

Chapter 1: Thinking Like a Linguist – Essentials of Linguistics. In this chapter, we begin to consider the ways that linguists think about language, especially the idea that linguists strive to make systematic observations of human language behaviour.

Chapter 1: Thinking Like a Linguist – Essentials of Linguistics

Linguists don’t spend time prescribing how people should or shouldn’t use their language! One of the challenges of observing how humans use language is that a lot of what we do with language happens in our minds. Of course, it’s relatively simple to observe the words that we speak or write, but it’s much harder to observe the processes that unfold in someone’s mind when they’re listening to someone speaking, understanding them, and thinking up a reply. WALS Online - Origin, history and meaning of English words. Contact Languages Are Dying Out. When groups of people who speak different languages come together, they sometimes inadvertently create a new one, combining bits of each into something everyone can use to communicate easily.

Contact Languages Are Dying Out

Linguists call such impromptu tongues “contact languages” — and they can extend well beyond the pidgin and creole that many of us have heard of. The origin stories of these linguistic mash-ups vary. Some are peaceful, such as when groups meet for trade and need a lingua franca: Nigerian Pidgin English, for example, allows speakers of over 500 tongues to communicate.

But others were born of tragedy and violence — like Haitian Creole, Gullah Geechee, Jamaican Creole and many others that arose from the Atlantic slave trade, when West African peoples combined several tongues with English, creating everyday languages often used among slaves. 'Invisible' words reveal common structure among famous stories. Aug. 7 (UPI) -- Storytelling requires a narrative arc, but the trajectory of a dramatic arc isn't always obvious.

'Invisible' words reveal common structure among famous stories

By tracing the abundance of "invisible" words -- pronouns, articles and other short words -- researchers were able to identify patterns shared by a diversity of stories, from Shakespeare to Spielberg, according to a study published Friday in Science Advances. "Over the years, these 'invisible' words have been found to be related to a whole mess of psychological processes -- how people use small words like articles and pronouns tell us about a person's mental health, thinking style, their social status, and even how well they get along with other people," study lead author Ryan Boyd told UPI.

"In many ways, it was a natural progression to look at what these words can tell us how the nature of stories," said Boyd, a lecturer in behavioral analytics at the University of Leeds. During the third phase, cognitive tension is ramped up as the narrative arc reaches a climax. Language May Undermine Women in Science and Tech - Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences. August 03, 2020 Despite decades of positive messaging to encourage women and girls to pursue education tracks and careers in STEM, women continue to fall far below their male counterparts in these fields.

Language May Undermine Women in Science and Tech - Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences

A new study at Carnegie Mellon University examined 25 languages to explore the gender stereotypes in language that undermine efforts to support equality across STEM career paths. The results are available in the August 3rd issue of Nature Human Behavior. Molly Lewis, special faculty at CMU and her research partner, Gary Lupyan, associate professor at University of Wisconsin-Madison, set out to examine the effect of language on career stereotypes by gender. They found that implicit gender associations are strongly predicted by the language we speak. “Young children have strong gender stereotypes as do older adults, and the question is where do these biases come from,” said Lewis, first author on the study.

In general, the team examined how words co-occur with women compared to men. Were French People Born to Speak French? Linguistic anthropologists have observed that people all over the world perceive languages, and speakers of those different languages, as fundamentally different from one another.

Were French People Born to Speak French?

When people listen to others’ speech, they hear discrete categorical boundaries even when differences in speech exist along a continuum. Our minds, and not just our ears, perceive these differences: we think of language X as being fundamentally different from language Y. Ipachart. Tutorials – Amy Reynolds. Langbrain - Language and Brain: Neurocognitive Linguistics. The world’s languages, in 7 maps and charts.

A Gene May Help Discern Language Tone Differences: Is It Shí or Shì? More than 7,000 languages exist today, a wealth of diversity that continues to puzzle researchers. Languages vary in a number of ways: Parts of speech, for instance, may be ordered differently. And a change in tone can signify a distinct word meaning. Should we all write in Chinese? Psychology - Academy 4SC.

Brain Structure

Speech Acts. Pragmatics. English Dialect. Language Acquisition. Universal Grammar. Tree Structure Diagrams. Bilingualism. Origins of Language. Language and Thought. Phonetics & Phonology. ConLang (Invented Languages)

Writing Systems. Animals and Language. AI and Machine Learning. Morphology. Steven Pinker. Tools. How the Internet Is Changing Language as We Know It (ikr lol) Towards the end of the last decade, a distinctive minimalist style emerged among the users of the micro-blogging site Tumblr. Capital letters were largely dispensed with, save for EMPHASIS; punctuation became notable by its absence; hashtags were used mostly for irony (#wild). It didn’t take long for the site’s users – who skewed young, female and literate compared with the rest of the internet – to provide their own meta-commentary on what was happening.

One post, from 2012, gained more than half a million likes: How Non-English Speakers Are Taught This Crazy English Grammar Rule You Know But Never Heard Of. English grammar, beloved by sticklers, is also feared by non-native speakers. Many of its idiosyncrasies can turn into traps even for the most confident users. But some of the most binding rules in English are things that native speakers know but don’t know they know, even though they use them every day. When someone points one out, it’s like a magical little shock.

This week, for example, the BBC’s Matthew Anderson pointed out a ”rule” about the order in which adjectives have to be put in front of a noun. The Unusual Language That Linguists Thought Couldn’t Exist. Why are some languages spoken faster than others? WERE THIS article written in Japanese, it would be longer. A Thai translation, meanwhile, would be shorter. And yet those reading it aloud, in either language or in its original English, would finish at roughly the same time. The Real Reason the Sound of Your Own Voice Makes You Cringe. What’s the Real Origin of “OK”? - Mental Floss - Pocket. Traditional masculinity may keep English-speaking men from studying new languages. For decades, more women have been entering male-dominated educational fields and careers.

Aliens, Neo-Confucians, and the Power of Language – Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies, Harvard University. Nathan Vedal, Ph.D. candidate in East Asian Languages and Civilizations and Fairbank Center Graduate Student Associate, explains how a Hollywood blockbuster about earth’s first contact with aliens echoes Neo-Confucian debates in the Ming Dynasty. Brain functions - Queensland Brain Institute - University of Queensland. Our Storytelling Minds: Do We Ever Really Know What's Going on Inside? Nobel Prize winning neuropsychologist Roger Sperry.

Image Credit: Wikipedia. Theconversation. A new study on second language learning has recently taken the media by storm. Uri Hasson: This is your brain on communication. A Map of Lexical Distances Between Europe's Languages. Half of All Languages Come from One Root Language. How it Spread Is Something of Debate.

Atlasobscura. "Original pronunciation' Brings New Life to Shakespeare. Last week, an intriguing video on Shakespeare became a mini viral hit. American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages. Supporting the Study of World Languages and Computer Science. Localingual: listen to the voices of the world. A Look Back: “Oh, Boy, This Is Great! Researcher’s Scans Show Brain Connections Growing When Learning New Language”

One of the most difficult words to translate... - Krystian Aparta. NativLang. Time travelling to the mother tongue. How interpreters juggle two languages at once - Ewandro Magalhaes. The Human Brain as a Word Cloud, on a Shared Drive. Words We Invented By Getting Them Wrong. Does grammar matter? - Andreea S. Calude. Jolly Roger Telephone Company Uses Software To Entrap Telemarketers. The Story of the Umlaut. Could There Soon Be A Global Language?

European word translator: an interactive map. Why Do Animals Make Different Sounds in Different Languages? How computers translate human language - Ioannis Papachimonas. When People Talk Backwards. Speech perception without traditional speech cues. Language. In China's Cyberspace, a Code for Criticism. How Dare You Say That! The Evolution of Profanity. The Best “Language Maps” 22 Maps That Show The Deepest Linguistic Conflicts In America. If You Don't Have Anything Nice to Say, SAY IT IN ALL CAPS. 'Vocal Fry' Creeping Into U.S. Speech. VIDEO: Talking While Female. Horizon Information Portal. Readings and Other Materials. On learning languages and the gaining of wisdom - Language on the Move. Lindsay Morcom: A history of Indigenous languages. How many verb tenses are there in English? - Anna Ananichuk.

Animated map shows how the world's first written languages spread.