Complexity Theory: A short film.
Beyond the Blueprint. A GENETIC WEB: Interacting species, such as this Gulf fritillary butterfly (Agraulis vanillae) feeding on goldenrod blooms at the edge of a salt marsh on St. Simons Island, Georgia, have an intimate relationship: the genes of one are likely influencing the phenotype of the other.© BEACHCOTTAGEPHOTOGRAPHY/ISTOCKPHOTO.COM The relationship between an individual’s phenotype and genotype has been fundamental to the genetic analysis of traits and to models of evolutionary change for decades. Of course, scientists have long recognized that phenotype responds to nongenetic factors, such as environmental variation in nutrient availability or the presence of other, competing species. But by assuming that the genetic component of a particular trait is confined to your genes and only yours, scientists overlooked another important input: the genes of your neighbors.
Take field crickets as an example. In some sense, examples of IGEs are intuitively obvious. The social network A changing landscape N.W.
Complexity Researchers Help Visualize the Spread of Western Thought. We know well enough that ideas travel over time, sometimes following general human migration routes and their associated promises of financial support, but sometimes not. The overall spread culture is more granular and dynamic than one might first imagine: sometimes it follows an arrow-straight line across a frontier, and other times it settles on some location (Hollywood, say) like flies on a piece of fruit. Thanks to researchers at the University of Miami and Google's Freebase database of well-known people (places, and things), we have the visualization below, which takes these notable figures and reduces them to data points simply representing relative locations of birth and death.
The map animation, described in this week's edition of Science, reconstructs, "aggregate intellectual mobility over two millennia through the birth and death locations of more than 150,000 notable individuals," the paper explains. Don't Cut Through Complexity: Understand it and Manage It (Sorry, KPMG) » Complexity KPMG has the tagline “Cutting through Complexity” which suggests they really don’t understand complexity at all.
In order to deal with complexity, we first have to understand it, and then we can manage it. How? What does complexity actually mean? “Complexus”, the Latin word for “complex”, roughly means “twisted together”. In other words, when several elements come together and interact, they form a “complex system” . Complexity is an intrinsic feature of life in all its manifestations. These interactions are highly non-linear. That is why it is a big mistake to try and tackle complexity by cutting things up into their smaller components. How do we understand complexity? For organizations, understanding interdependencies means understanding the most suitable ways to orchestrate people’s work. They need to design the most appropriate network of interdependencies to accomplish the goal of the organization.
How do we manage complexity? Deployment Flow Charts are useful tools. Awesome Animations. Petersen Graph Creator: John McCabe-Dansted Supervisor: Jamie Simpson (Curtin)Type: Remote site Description: This graph is one of the graphs most commonly used by mathematicians as an example of various properties. This program finds ways of displaying the graph by placing the points at random locations and refining the graph by pushing points away from each other and pulling connected points closer together. The Wikipedia article describes a Petersen Graph. Introduction — ComplexNetworkSim v0.1.2 documentation. A more technical introduction to the project The framework can can create a virtual complex network with virtual agents that can interact with each other. This can be used for example to study the spread of an epidemic over this simulated network and compare it with a phenomenon in the real world.
Agent-based simulation tools generally operate on a simple topology such as grids or lattices, but this framework goes beyond this limitation by providing support for simulation over complex topologies (i.e. any kind of non-regularly connected graph). In addition, this project is not limited to a static network, but also takes into account temporal networks, where processes can dynamically change the underlying network structure over time.
A less technical introduction to the project This document explains the creation of a new programming tool for simulating complex problems. An example output of a simple complex network simulation model and a plot showing the evolution of infected people: World Renowned Heart Surgeon Speaks Out On What Really Causes Heart Disease. We physicians with all our training, knowledge and authority often acquire a rather large ego that tends to make it difficult to admit we are wrong. So, here it is. I freely admit to being wrong. As a heart surgeon with 25 years experience, having performed over 5,000 open-heart surgeries, today is my day to right the wrong with medical and scientific fact.
I trained for many years with other prominent physicians labelled “opinion makers.” The only accepted therapy was prescribing medications to lower cholesterol and a diet that severely restricted fat intake. It Is Not Working! These recommendations are no longer scientifically or morally defensible. The long-established dietary recommendations have created epidemics of obesity and diabetes, the consequences of which dwarf any historical plague in terms of mortality, human suffering and dire economic consequences. Regardless of where the inflammatory process occurs, externally or internally, it is the same. Dr. Crowd Control. MOTION CONTROL: An immense flock of starlings, known as a murmuration, preparing to roost at dusk© FIONA ELISABETH EXON/GETTY IMAGES Small silvery schooling fish known as golden shiners are experts at quickly finding shady spots that offer better camouflage from predators.
Individual fish flit from one shady spot to another in the ponds and lakes they inhabit, but only appear to sense the changing light when they swim in large schools. When swimming solo, these fish are much less adept at estimating the light levels of their environment. They show little preference for darker areas, suggesting that they have a limited ability, if any at all, to detect the changing brightness of their surroundings. Such conundrums have always fascinated Iain Couzin, an evolutionary biologist at Princeton University. The higher-order complexity that arises from the compounded actions of many is the cornerstone of collective behavior. Small beginnings Taking shape Thriving together From simple to complex A. ShiftN.com : clarity in complexity. The Empire Didn’t Strike Back… The Demise of FuturICT.
Posted by gregfisher on Jan 22nd, 2013 in Blog , Social | 6 comments By Greg Fisher Last week the European Commission chose not to invest in FuturICT, which was a massively ambitious project to integrate ICT and complexity science. The aim was, as their website puts it, “understand and manage complex, global, socially interactive systems” and in so doing to “create a paradigm shift”.
Driven mainly by ETH in Zurich and UCL in London, a stellar consortium of universities was created across the entire European Union, and had the active support of MIT in the US. Millions of Euros, provided by the EU, were spent in developing and promoting the concept. The culmination was a bid to be a so-called Flagship EU project, with access to €1 billion – €1 billion! Yet the project has failed. What does this mean for complexity science? Extending and reinvigorating the social sciences by complexity science, and in particular by the science of networks, will remain a major theme in the future. Accelerating science. "The Power of Networks" +The Importance of Polymaths - Beautifully Visualized by RSA. A visual exploration on mapping complex networks. The book. The Functional Art is an introduction to Information Graphics and Visualization, the communication of facts and data by means of charts, graphs, maps, and diagrams.
It includes a DVD including 90 minutes of video lectures. Download three chapters for free here Table of contents: Part 1 - FOUNDATIONS• Chapter 1 - Why Visualize? Information to Wisdom• Chapter 2 - Forms and Functions: Visualization as a Technology• Chapter 3 - The Beauty Paradox: Art and Communication• Chapter 4 - Exposition, Exploration, and the Complexity Challenge Part 2 - COGNITION• Chapter 5 - The Eye and the Visual Brain• Chapter 6 - Visualizing for the Mind• Chapter 7 - Images in the Head Part 3 - PRACTICE• Chapter 8 - Creating Information Graphics• Chapter 9 - Interactive Graphics and Visualizations Part 4 - PROFILES. Complex Diagrams. Complexity Timeline. Global internet slows after 'biggest attack in history'
27 March 2013Last updated at 13:03 GMT By Dave Lee Technology reporter, BBC News The BBC's Rory Cellan-Jones explains why the attack is like a "motorway jam", alongside expert David Emm from Kaspersky Lab The internet around the world has been slowed down in what security experts are describing as the biggest cyber-attack of its kind in history.
A row between a spam-fighting group and hosting firm has sparked retaliation attacks affecting the wider internet. Experts worry that the row could escalate to affect banking and email systems. Five national cyber-police-forces are investigating the attacks. Spamhaus, a group based in both London and Geneva, is a non-profit organisation that aims to help email providers filter out spam and other unwanted content. To do this, the group maintains a number of blocklists - a database of servers known to be being used for malicious purposes. Cyberbunker has not responded to the BBC's request for comment. 'Immense job' Continue reading the main story. Global Consciousness Project -- consciousness, group consciousness, mind. Complex Systems.
The Interaction of Complexity and Management - Michael Lissack. What is complexity science? What is management? And how are the two linked? The potential of complexity science in the fields of management and organization studies has been explored before, yet there is little agreement on what complexity science truly is. Lissack and Rivkin, along with a panel of distinguished academics and executives, identify critical topics in the study of complexity science. They reveal complexity science to be a process, one seeking and understanding of the systems we inhabit, and ways of applying that understanding to the management of organizations.
Complexity science is not a management fad, and the authors do not treat it as such. Articles | Human Systems Dynamics Institute. The following free articles are available to view and download: A Brief Introduction to Complexity This paper by Glenda Eoyang, Ph.D. presents a brief introduction to some of the applications of chaos science to organizational development and behavior. A Tale of Two Counties This paper was presented by Glenda Eoyang, and Lois Yellowthunder, Ph.D., at the Complexity, Science and Society Conference in Liverpool, England, in October, 2005. The Beast This paper by Lois Yellowthunder provides a description of mob mentality through the lens of human systems dynamics. Creative Chaos This paper by Glenda Eoyang illustrates applications of some metaphors of complexity applied in the creative process. Crossing Borders: Globalization and Its Impact on Corporate Cultures This paper by Glenda Eoyang is focused on the concept of fitness and fitness landscapes as they apply to the evolution of survival strategies for individuals and organizations.
Designing Initiative Evaluation Strategic Planning vs. From Trees to Webs: Transformation is About Changing How We think. I have been sitting in front of the computer for weeks and weeks now trying to get my thoughts down. How do I introduce my work on transformation? How do I communicate my motivation to change education for the better... to a more equitable system that gets quality work accomplished? And I realized it's difficult to begin talking about my work or any transformation efforts without understanding underlying root causes of problems or even of successes. Then, I happened upon this video from the wonderful folks at RSA Animate, The Power of Networks with Manuel Lima. The video discusses how modern science mirrors our knowledge of how systems work. For those of you who know systems thinking, this all sounds very familiar to you.
A mouthful? Let's get back to the trees. Now, think back on your most recent project where you feel you succeeded. So why pause and take a moment to talk about this? E:CO Issue Contents. Complexity map_2013. Search. Bifurcations. Bifurcations Another finding of chaos theory is bifurcation theory . A bifurcation is a place or point of branching or forking into qualitatively new types of behavior. It is usually a sudden change, rather than a slow and gradual evolution. Furthermore, it is a transition of a non-linear system into a realm where new laws dictate what will occur to the system (Barrow, 1988).
Dixon (1993) calls bifurcations, sensitive decision points , or SDP’s. Complex systems (dynamic systems with numerous interrelated parts) tend to encounter bifurcations, which when amplified, can lead either to order or to chaos (Briggs & Peat, 1989). Bifurcations can be considered as critical points (SDPs) in the life of a complex system. Figure 1. Changes to the ego correspond to bifurcation points when we consider the ego as a complex system. CxConferences.