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Lets_talk_issue_4_10.pdf (application/pdf Object) Autism Information Page. Autistic disorder (sometimes called autism or classical ASD) is the most common condition in a group of developmental disorders known as the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).

Autism Information Page

Autistic children have difficulties with social interaction, display problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and exhibit repetitive behaviors or narrow, obsessive interests. These behaviors can range in impact from mild to disabling. Autism varies widely in its severity and symptoms and may go unrecognized, especially in mildly affected children or when more debilitating handicaps mask it. Scientists aren’t certain what causes autism, but it’s likely that both genetics and environment play a role.

There is no cure for autism. For many children, autism symptoms improve with treatment and with age. Autism Awareness. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), also known as Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD), can cause impairment in thinking, feeling, language, and the ability to relate to others.

Autism Awareness

Cigna has years of experience in helping mental health professionals and families by providing resources, planning, and working as a team to successfully manage this disorder. This website contains educational information, tools and resources for parents and families to help deal with the puzzling world of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Child Disability Report - Form 3820. Polymicrogyria Overview - GeneReviews - NCBI Bookshelf. Patterns of Inheritance. Most cells of the human body contain 23 pairs of chromosomes, half of which are inherited from each parent.

Patterns of Inheritance

Only the human reproductive cells, the sperm in males and the egg in females, have 23 individual chromosomes, not pairs. Scientists number them 1 through 22. The 23rd chromosome is a sex-determining chromosome. It is named X in an egg. The sex chromosome in a sperm may be either the same as in an egg, X, or a different chromosome called Y. When the reproductive cells, the sperm and egg, combine at fertilization, the fertilized egg that results contains 23 chromosome pairs.

There are hundreds of diseases caused by mutations in a single gene. The inheritance of a gene can also be dominant or recessive. Autosomal Dominant The mutated gene is located on an autosome (non-sex chromosome). Autosomal Recessive The mutated gene is located on an autosome. X-linked Dominant. Polymicrogyria. Polymicrogyria is a condition characterized by abnormal development of the brain before birth.


The surface of the brain normally has many ridges or folds, called gyri. In people with polymicrogyria, the brain develops too many folds, and the folds are unusually small. The name of this condition literally means too many (poly-) small (micro-) folds (-gyria) in the surface of the brain. Polymicrogyria can affect part of the brain or the whole brain. When the condition affects one side of the brain, researchers describe it as unilateral. Researchers have identified multiple forms of polymicrogyria. Bilateral forms of polymicrogyria tend to cause more severe neurological problems.

Polymicrogyria. Frontal Lobe Function. The frontal lobes are considered our emotional control center and home to our personality.

Frontal Lobe Function

There is no other part of the brain where lesions can cause such a wide variety of symptoms (Kolb & Wishaw, 1990). The frontal lobes are involved in motor function, problem solving, spontaneity, memory, language, initiation, judgement, impulse control, and social and sexual behavior. The frontal lobes are extremely vulnerable to injury due to their location at the front of the cranium, proximity to the sphenoid wing and their large size. MRI studies have shown that the frontal area is the most common region of injury following mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (Levin et al., 1987).

Help -Treat Autism- and improve -Autism Awareness- with a free click! Shafallah Autism. The National Autistic Society. Ipad apps. Autism Speaks, Video Glossary. Sites for Autistic Support Teachers! A new site from Mayer-Johnson! This site provides an endless amount of Boardmaker files! You must have Boardmaker to open the files. Southern California Autism Training Collaborative Website.

One Step At A Time Therapy Services, LLC - Home. My Son Has 2 Brains: A Mood Disorder Blog. International Society for Autism Research - Home. Auditory Processing Disorders (APD) in Children. The REAL Voice of Autism. Auditory Processing Disorder in Children. By: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (2004)

Auditory Processing Disorder in Children

SPD Foundation - Our Library - Articles. Sensory Processing Disorder Checklist. What is APD? Auditory Processsing Disorder (APD) is a neurological defect that affects how the brain processes spoken language.

What is APD?

Coping With Emotions In SPD. A reader asks about coping with emotions in SPD.

Coping With Emotions In SPD

Carly from Pennsylvania asks: "My 4 1/2 year old daughter, who tends to be on the hypersensitive end of SPD symptoms, seems to feel her feelings and other people's feelings very intensely. She gets very upset and sympathetic when other children get hurt or cry. Often you will think that she is the one who got hurt. She will feel angry or head toward a meltdown if the other child is being too loud. How can I help her deal with her feelings and guide her to appropriate reactions when others are experiencing feelings? " Can I share with you a related personal story? Visual and Auditory Processing Disorders. By: National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) (1999) Introduction Visual and auditory processing are the processes of recognizing and interpreting information taken in through the senses of sight and sound.

Visual and Auditory Processing Disorders

The terms, "visual and auditory processing" and "visual and auditory perception", are often used interchangeably. Although there are many types of perception, the two most common areas of difficulty involved with a learning disability are visual and auditory perception. Living With (Central) Auditory Processing Disorder « Andrea’s Buzzing About:

(Andrea has written several posts about APD – see the listing at the bottom of this page.)

Living With (Central) Auditory Processing Disorder « Andrea’s Buzzing About:

I am walking across campus when someone stops me. While I am standing there desperately trying to figure out who this out-of-place person is, they ask me, “Are you going to the four-meter spa?”