Index of Fallacies. Index of Logical Fallacies and Errors The following is an alphabetical list of the logical fallacies we study in this course.
Each fallacy is followed by a description of the proper method for identifying the fallacy (ID) when it occurs and mistakes commonly made in identifying the fallacy (MID). Hyperlinks connect to examples of the fallacies and their proper identification. Ad Hominem Def.: Attempting to refute a statement by calling attention to the character, actions or personal circumstances of those who support it. ID: Identify the statement in question and identify the attempt to refute the statement by focusing attention on the person who makes it. MID: There is nothing inherently fallacious about attacking people or attempting to discredit them. Appeal to Emotion Def.: Any attempt to change a person's view with information that appeals to his or her emotions (fear, pity, vanity, etc.) but which is logically irrelevant to the issue at hand.
Appeal to Questionable Authority.
OpenCourseWare: PTC 604: Communication Theory and Research. Instructor: Dr.
Norbert Elliot Course Description: This course reviews major theories of communication and provides strategies for theory-based research in the field of Professional and Technical Communication. The course focuses on the following research methods: problem statement and hypothesis formulation derived from theory; research design and data generation; existing information sources and their acquisition; and analytic techniques.
Our goal in the course is to allow students to develop analytic methods--drawn from traditions in both the humanities and the social sciences--which are necessary to generate a well-considered research. All of these works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License. All of these works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License. The London Consortium » Useful resources for research. Click on the links below to go to the relevant section.
Please note that sections of this page are still under construction. Calls for papers Archives and information sources – general guidesArchives and information sources – UKArchives and information sources – outside the UKArchives and information sources – subject-specific guides. HUMA Writing with Sources.pdf (application/pdf Object) New Methods for Humanities Research. QuickStudy: Library Research Guide. Electronic Resources for Research Methods. Introduction to Case Study. The Qualitative Report, Volume 3, Number 2, July, 1997 ( Abstract This paper is the first of a series of three articles relating to a case study conducted at Fairfield University to assess aspects of the rapid introduction of Information Technology at the institution.
This article deals with the nature of the problem faced by Fairfield University, the characteristics of the case methodology, and lays the foundation for the selection of this research technique for the current study. The paper begins with an Introduction section to familiarize the reader with the case organization. The following section on Case Methodology explores the history, and some of the applications of the technique. Introduction Fairfield University is a private liberal arts institution of about 3,000 full time undergraduate students and about 1,000 graduate school students.
The Case Study as a Research Method. Uses and Users of Information -- LIS 391D.1 -- Spring 1997 Introduction Case study research excels at bringing us to an understanding of a complex issue or object and can extend experience or add strength to what is already known through previous research.
Case studies emphasize detailed contextual analysis of a limited number of events or conditions and their relationships. Researchers have used the case study research method for many years across a variety of disciplines. Social scientists, in particular, have made wide use of this qualitative research method to examine contemporary real-life situations and provide the basis for the application of ideas and extension of methods. Critics of the case study method believe that the study of a small number of cases can offer no grounds for establishing reliability or generality of findings. Many well-known case study researchers such as Robert E. Action research electronic reader. Overview of Action Research Methodology.
“If you want it done right, you may as well do it yourself.”
This aphorism may seem appropriate if you are a picky housekeeper, but more and more people are beginning to realize it can also apply to large corporations, community development projects, and even national governments. Such entities exist increasingly in an interdependent world, and are relying on Action Research as a means of coming to grips with their constantly changing and turbulent environments. This paper will answer the question “What is Action Research?” , giving an overview of its processes and principles, stating when it is appropriate to use, and situating it within a praxis research paradigm.
Evaluating Resources. Research methods - Library. Research Methods. Participatory Methods Participatory methods have their origins in development activism: NGOs and social movements. Here the main aim is not so much knowledge per se , but social change and empowerment - and this wherever possible as a direct result of the research process itself. In particular it seeks to investigate and give voice to those groups in society who are most vulnerable and marginalised in development decision-making and implementation.
The participatory process may involve small focus groups, larger participatory workshops or individual diaries and diagrams which are then collated into a plenary discussion. Participation (and hence sampling) may be open or carefully targeted to particular social groups. Participatory research typically uses and adapts diagram tools from farmer-led research, systems analysis and also oral and visual tools from anthropology, though many commonly used tools have also been developed by NGOs and participants in the field.