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The Earthquake That Will Devastate the Pacific Northwest. When the 2011 earthquake and tsunami struck Tohoku, Japan, Chris Goldfinger was two hundred miles away, in the city of Kashiwa, at an international meeting on seismology.

The Earthquake That Will Devastate the Pacific Northwest

As the shaking started, everyone in the room began to laugh. Earthquakes are common in Japan—that one was the third of the week—and the participants were, after all, at a seismology conference. Then everyone in the room checked the time. Seismologists know that how long an earthquake lasts is a decent proxy for its magnitude. The 1989 earthquake in Loma Prieta, California, which killed sixty-three people and caused six billion dollars’ worth of damage, lasted about fifteen seconds and had a magnitude of 6.9. When Goldfinger looked at his watch, it was quarter to three. It was March. Oh, shit, Goldfinger thought, although not in dread, at first: in amazement. For a moment, that was pretty cool: a real-time revolution in earthquake science. Just north of the San Andreas, however, lies another fault line. Hurricane Patricia as seen from space. Copyright: 2015 EUMETSAT Hurricane Patricia is about to barrel into the mid-Pacific coast of Mexico as a monster category 5 storm.

Hurricane Patricia as seen from space

The storm is so powerful that forecasters are calling it "the strongest ever recorded in the Western hemisphere," according to the Associated Press. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), hurricane hunters who are flying through the storm, and an international fleet of satellites are keeping close tabs on the situation. The above image is a composite of several images taken by EUMETSAT weather satellites around 1 a.m. EDT on Friday, October 23, 2015. The following image is a composite made in daylight by NOAA satellites.

Hurricane hunters who are flying through Patricia are reporting sustained winds of 200 mph and even stronger gusts. However, NOAA has also issued a hurricane warning for more than 300 miles worth of coastline: NOAAHurricane Patricia's projected path as of 8 a.m. Washington state wildfires rage on, leaving 3 firefighters dead, 4 injured. Wildfires continue to rage in Washington State this week, as two towns were evacuated in the eastern part of the state due to direct threat from the fires.

Washington state wildfires rage on, leaving 3 firefighters dead, 4 injured

Governor Jay Inslee also announced yesterday that three firefighters have perished while fighting the blaze, and an additional four were injured near the eastern Washington town of Twisp. The Washington state Department of Natural Resources reportedly told Seattle’s KING5 News that the Twisp fire exploded from 1,500 to 16,000 acres last night and officials are expecting the worst. Tropical Cyclone Chapala hits war-torn Yemen with heavy rain. Tropical Cyclone Chapala slammed into Yemen's central coast early Tuesday, lashing the area with maximum sustained winds of around 140 kph (85 mph).

Tropical Cyclone Chapala hits war-torn Yemen with heavy rain

But the major concern is the extraordinary volume of rain the storm is expected to dump on the country's dry, rugged terrain, bringing a severe threat of mudslides. Yemen typically gets around 100 millimeters (4 inches) of rain per year. Chapala is forecast to unleash two to three times that amount in the space of just one day. The deluge is likely to cause "massive debris flows and flash flooding," CNN meteorologist Tom Sater warned. July was the hottest month in Earth’s hottest year on record so far.

For planet Earth, no other month was as hot as this past July in records that date back to the late 1800s, NOAA says.

July was the hottest month in Earth’s hottest year on record so far

And the globe is well on its way to having its hottest year on record. NOAA, NASA and the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) have published data that show that it was the hottest July on record. Since July is on average the planet’s hottest month, temperatures this past month likely* reached their highest point in the history of instrumental records. NOAA calculates that July’s average global temperature of 61.86 degrees was 0.14 degrees warmer than the previous warmest month on record, July 1998. NASA’s map of July temperatures shows the planet lit up in orange and red, signifying vast areas covered by above-normal warmth.

Untitled. Scientists Say Climate Change Could Render the Middle East Almost Uninhabitable by 2100. This is the grim future of the Middle East, according to a new paper from Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor Elfatih Eltahir and Loyola Marymount University environmental scientist Jeremy Pal published online this week in the journal Nature Climate Change.

Scientists Say Climate Change Could Render the Middle East Almost Uninhabitable by 2100

The two researchers concluded that if humans do not make serious changes to the way they are pumping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere by the end of the century, areas of the Persian Gulf region and wider Arab world could experience heat and humidity waves to human life. Humans are capable of surviving in environments up to a "wet-bulb" temperature of 95 degrees Fahrenheit. (The "wet bulb" temperature is the lowest temperature that a warm object — like a human — can achieve via evaporative cooling — such as sweating, or being covered in water.)

Eltahir told the New York Times that 95 degree temperature translates to roughly 165 degrees Fahrenheit in a heat-index reading. John P. "Many of these threats are apparent now. Allegany Township Silos. Our Webinar on Silo-Busting and Sustainable Communities, in Tweets (with image) · tamirnovotny. Uptown Office Portfolio. Photo Gallery. Hurricane Felix. The Blue Marble. The Martian. The Martian tells the story of Mark Watney (Matt Damon), a botanist/wise-ass serving on the Ares III mission to Mars.

The Martian

Early into their mission of collecting samples, a vicious storm rolls in that forces the crew to abort the mission and begin the return journey home. Unfortunately, during the storm a piece of debris rips off of their equipment and impales Watney, sending him flying out into the darkness. With all life signs showing negative, Commander Lewis (Jessica Chastain) has no other option but to save the remaining crew and escape the planet. Turns out, Watney is much tougher to kill than Mars thought.