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Here's What Elon Musk Thinks About Brain Implants, AI, And Basic Income. In Brief At today's World Government Summit in Dubai, Elon Musk stated that Universal Basic Income may be the only solution to automation and job loss, brain implants will be needed to help humans stay on top of artificial intelligences, and that Tesla is going to have some major breakthroughs in 2017.

Here's What Elon Musk Thinks About Brain Implants, AI, And Basic Income

The Governments of the Future Every year since 2013, the world’s most powerful leaders and forward-thinking innovators have gathered in the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates for the World Government Summit, an event dedicated to helping mold the governments of the future. Attendees work together to identify potential problems and then determine ways that today’s technology can be used to alleviate those challenges. Past events have featured such speakers as U.S. Musk also spoke on the potential challenges of such a system: I think universal basic income will be necessary, but the much harder challenge is: How will people then have meaning? Elon Musk: If Humans Are to Survive, We Must Merge With Machines. In Brief Elon Musk thinks that, as AI technology and automation continue to replace jobs and more traditional technology, humans will become obsolete and need to merge with machinesSince computers can communicate at speeds well beyond an organic organisms' capacity, Musk thinks that creating a symbiotic relationship between us and our tech will give us the edge we need The Future is Here: Meet the Neural Lace Elon Musk shocked the tech world this past summer when he explained both the concept and need for a neural lace at the 2016 Recode Code Conference.

Elon Musk: If Humans Are to Survive, We Must Merge With Machines

A New Device Could Make Memory Implants a Reality. Total Recall Memories are the faintest, most ethereal wisps of our neurophysiology — somehow, the firing of delicate synapses and the activation of neurons combine to produce the things we remember.

A New Device Could Make Memory Implants a Reality

Becoming Immortal: The Future of Brain Augmentation and Uploaded Consciousness. If you’ve ever worked with a virtualized computer, or played a video game ROM from a long-defunct console on your new PC, you understand the concept already: a mind is simply software, and the brain, the hardware it runs on.

Becoming Immortal: The Future of Brain Augmentation and Uploaded Consciousness

Imagine a day when your neurons, the matter that forms your mind, are transferred to a machine and their counterparts in your skull are disabled. Are you still you? Imagine a future of mind uploading, whole-brain emulation, and the full understanding of the connectome. Now, imagine neuroscientists even discover a way to resurrect the dead, to upload the mind of those who have gone before, our ancestors, Socrates, Einstein?

In a paper published in Plos One in early December, scientists detailed how they were able to elicit a pattern similar to the living condition of the brain when exposing dead brain tissue to chemical and electrical probes. Scientists Successfully Decode Thoughts, Reading Individuals' Minds in Real-Time. Mind-reading is often dismissed as nothing more than a charlatan trick, but scientists and researchers are trying to change this ‘decoding of the brain’ from quack-science to hard science.

Scientists Successfully Decode Thoughts, Reading Individuals' Minds in Real-Time

Indeed, significant advancements have been made in this area already. And now, University of Washington scientists have developed technology that allows a device to effectively read your mind. With a combination of brain implants and sophisticated software, the team was able to interpret their subjects’ thoughts and extrapolate what their subjects were seeing. Thanks to this study, scientists were able to gain insight into how people are able to translate sensory information from an image into something our minds can comprehend.

In their work, which was published in PLOS Computational Biology, the researchers implanted electrodes for a week in seven epilepsy patients. Direct brain-to-brain connection transmits signals over the internet. Bridging the Bio-Electronic Divide: How We're Translating Brain Activity Into Binary. DARPA (the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) announced last Tuesday that it plans to build a chip that would allow the human brain to communicate directly with computers.

Bridging the Bio-Electronic Divide: How We're Translating Brain Activity Into Binary

Our minds would essentially be speaking in binary. At least, that’s the ultimate goal. But how feasible is this, really? US Scientists Developing Brain Implants That Can Connect Human Brain to Digital World. In Brief A human brain that speaks in binary?

US Scientists Developing Brain Implants That Can Connect Human Brain to Digital World

It could be a reality. Wearable tech can be implanted in brains, thanks to new power technique. A breakthrough in wireless technology could allow a new wave of health tracking tools that can be embedded inside our bodies – in our livers, hearts and even in our brains.

Wearable tech can be implanted in brains, thanks to new power technique

A new wireless charging technique known as “mid-field wireless transfer” can deliver power to tiny electronic devices such as sensors, pacemakers and nerve stimulators embedded deep within the body. They can be charged using a device the size of a credit card placed outside the body. "With this method, we can safely transmit power to tiny implants in organs like the heart or brain, well beyond the range of current near-field systems,” said Dr John Ho, co-author of the study that appears in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

‘Make these devices as small as possible’ Sensors can be embedded deeper into the right areas of the body, without needing to be close to the skin for current near-field wireless charging technologies like those that charge electric toothbrushes. ‘Paving the way for new innovation’ Ray Kurzweil: In The 2030s, Nanobots In Our Brains Will Make Us 'Godlike' New Research Shows Uniqueness of the Human Brain. Researchers have debunked many of the (previously) well-established beliefs related to how the human brain is “special.”

New Research Shows Uniqueness of the Human Brain

For example, neuroscientist Suzana Herculano-Houzel found that the number of neurons relative to the human brain size is consistent with other primates. She also found that the cerebral cortex, which is responsible for cognitive learning, isn’t uniquely large. Indeed, it holds around 20 percent of all our brain’s neurons, and we see similar proportions in other mammals. The research doesn’t stop there, either. Other scientists have found that traits believed to be unique to humans also exist in other members of the animal kingdom. So ultimately, the idea that our brains are “special” has been thoroughly debunked; however, as is true of all species, there are many ways in which we are different from the rest of the animal kingdom.

Cyberware. Cyberware is a relatively new and unknown field (a proto-science, or more adequately a “proto-technology”).

Cyberware

In science fiction circles, however, it is commonly known to mean the hardware or machine parts implanted in the human body and acting as an interface between the central nervous system and the computers or machinery connected to it. More formally: How Brain-Computer Interfaces Work. How Brain-Computer Interface Works. The Brain-Computer Interface System. Configuration of Internal & External Braingate. Integrating Brain Tissue & Microchip. Brain Implant Configuration. Biocompatible interfaces replace silicon and metal in neural prosthetic devices.

Left: collagen; right: matrigel (credit: Wen Shen et al. /Microsystems & Nanoengineering) Researchers at the University of Georgia’s Regenerative Bioscience Center have developed a biocompatible implantable neural prosthetic device to replace silicon and noble metal in neural prosthetic devices. Injectable electronics holds promise for basic neuroscience, treatment of neuro-degenerative diseases.

It's a notion that might be pulled from the pages of science-fiction novel - electronic devices that can be injected directly into the brain, or other body parts, and treat everything from neurodegenerative disorders to paralysis. It sounds unlikely, until you visit Charles Lieber's lab. A team of international researchers, led by Lieber, the Mark Hyman, Jr. Professor of Chemistry, an international team of researchers developed a method for fabricating nano-scale electronic scaffolds that can be injected via syringe.

Once connected to electronic devices, the scaffolds can be used to monitor neural activity, stimulate tissues and even promote regenerations of neurons. The study is described in a June 8 paper in Nature Nanotechnology. Contributing to the work were Jia Liu, Tian-Ming Fu, Zengguang Cheng, Guosong Hong, Tao Zhou, Lihua Jin, Madhavi Duvvuri, Zhe Jiang, Peter Kruskal, Chong Xie, Zhigang Suo, Ying Fang. Neuromodulation 2.0: New Developments in Brain Implants, Super Soldiers and the Treatment of Chronic Disease. Neuromodulation 2.0: New Developments in Brain Implants, Super Soldiers and the Treatment of Chronic Disease Brain implants here we come. DARPA just announced the ElectRX program, a $78.9 million attempt to develop miniscule electronic devices that interface directly with the nervous system in the hopes of curing a bunch of chronic conditions, ranging from the psychological (depression, PTSD) to the physical (Crohn’s, arthritis).

Of course, the big goal here is to usher in a revolution in neuromodulation—that is, the science of modulating the nervous system to fix an underlying problem. 10 Brain Implant Superpowers. A new era of cognitive computing. IBM says it is possible to build a new computing architecture that is more human-like and biologically inspired than traditional systems.

After a year of “medical school”, IBM’s intelligent supercomputer, Watson, has produced its first commercially available applications for doctors and health insurance companies. Now that Watson is proving itself in the medical field, the door is being flung open for other industries and a new era of cognitive computing. According to IBM, Watson’s performance has improved by 240% since it rose to prominence by beating the reigning human champions at the popular US quiz show, Jeopardy, two years ago. The supercomputer is named after IBM co-founder Thomas Watson, and is a project of IBM’s research labs. Speaking at an open lecture at Wits University recently, IBM’s senior VP and director of IBM Research, Dr John Kelly, said the original intention with Watson was to create a system that would be “as good as humans” at answering any question in any domain.

A paralyzed woman flies a fighter jet with her mind. With Mindware Upgrades and Cognitive Prosthetics, Humans Are Already Technological Animals. In recent years, the surprising idea that we’ll one day merge with our technology has warily made its way into the mainstream. Often it’s couched in a combination of snark and fear. Why in the world would we want to do that? It’s so inhuman. That the idea is distasteful isn’t shocking. The imagination rapidly conjures images of Star Trek’s Borg, a nightmarish future when humans and machines melt into a monstrosity of flesh and wires, forever and irrevocably leaving “nature” behind. Implant corrects brain errors.

Sensor chip for implanting into a brain. Size of Microchip Brain Implant. Brain-Computer Electrode Array. Brain Implant. Brain-Computer Array Implanted in Brain. Surgical Implants of Nanowire in Brain. Wearable scanner opens new frontier in neuroscience. Scientists Develop A Way To Visualise The Brain In Real-Time. What if you could watch your brain and see exactly what you were thinking? The Future of Brain Implants. Resulting Utility of Brain Implants.

Flexible Brain Implants Have Arrived. Researchers develop brain implant for improving memory. Brain implants: Restoring memory with a microchip. First Human Tests of Memory Boosting Brain Implant—a Big Leap Forward. “You have to begin to lose your memory, if only bits and pieces, to realize that memory is what makes our lives. Life without memory is no life at all.” — Luis Buñuel Portolés, Filmmaker Every year, hundreds of millions of people experience the pain of a failing memory. The reasons are many: traumatic brain injury, which haunts a disturbingly high number of veterans and football players; stroke or Alzheimer’s disease, which often plagues the elderly; or even normal brain aging, which inevitably touches us all. Scientists 'reactivate' Alzheimer's patients' memories. Consciousness in Mixed Artificial & Biological Brains. Scientists Selectively Erase And Restore Memories.

Brain implants: Restoring memory with a microchip. Synopsis A U.S. -wide team now thinks that it will see a memory device being implanted in a small number of human volunteers within two years and available to patients in five to 10 years. Summary The scientists — who bring varied skills to the table, including mathematical modeling and psychiatry — believe they have cracked how long-term memories are made, stored and retrieved and how to replicate this process in brains that are damaged, particularly by stroke or localized injury.Here’s how it works: they record a memory being made, in an undamaged area of the brain, then use that data to predict what a damaged area “downstream” should be doing.

Electrodes are then used to stimulate the damaged area to replicate the action of the undamaged cells.The team’s experiments on rats and monkeys have shown that certain brain functions can be replaced with signals via electrodes, and much of the work that remains now is in shrinking down the electronics. New Chip Allows Memory & Behavior to Transfer From One Brain To Another. DARPA Aims to Improve Memory Skills. Synopsis. Pentagon Rolls Out DARPA Plan To Implant Chips In Soldiers.

Mind Uploading = Brain Emulation = Reverse Engineering the Brain. In an interesting article from January 2011 this year, Carl Zimmer, writes about mind uploading and the future of neurotechnology. The article was published in Scientific American. For those who don’t know, another name for “mind uploading” is brain emulation, or reverse engineering the brain. There are many and long articles written about mind uploading, but they all tend to miss one fact, that is, the answer to the following question: How is brain uploading done?

This article answers this question: “Let’s say you transfer your mind into a computer—not all at once but gradually, having electrodes inserted into your brain and then wirelessly outsourcing your faculties. Mind Uploading: Brain Facts. Hawking predicts uploading the brain into a computer. If You Upload Your Mind to a Computer—Are You Still You? Will You Live Forever—or until Your Next Software Release—by Uploading Your Brain into a Computer? How to Live Forever By Turning Your Brain Into Plastic. How Much Longer Until Humanity Becomes A Hive Mind? Scientists Found a Way to Email Brain Waves. Direct Brain-to-Brain Communication Demonstrated Over The Internet. Scientists Prove That Telepathic Communication Is Within Reach. Researcher Remotely Operates Colleague’s Brain Over The Internet.

New Device Makes It Possible to Take Pictures With Your Mind. Intelligence amplification. Nootropic. Exocortex. Singularity Surplus: Put on Your Electric Thinking Cap! The Future of Intelligence. Humans With Amplified Intelligence Could Be More Powerful Than AI_ "Smart Drug" Modafinil Is Safe and Effective, Harvard and Oxford Researchers Find. Growing brains in the lab. Bioengineers create functional 3-D brain-like tissue. Scientists Create Functional 3D Brain Tissue. Functional 3D Brain Tissue Successfully Grown From Stem Cells. The Brain: The Connections May Be the Key. Master protein found to enhance both muscles and the brain. Protein Pairing Builds Brain Networks. First-Ever Incredible Footage of a Thought Being Formed. The Feel-Good Switch: The Radical Future of Emotion.

Artificial Neurons Can Communicate in the Same Way as Human Neurons. Swedish scientists create an artificial neuron that mimicks an organic one. Replacement & Regeneration of Damaged Neural Circuitry. A Cybernetic Implant That Repairs Brain Damage. Aging of Brain and Muscles Reversed Through Protein Therapy. Scientists Manipulate Genes to Make Old Organs Young Again (in Mice) Stem cells show promise for stroke in pilot study. DARPA Program Seeks to Use Brain Implants to Control Mental Illness. The Feel-Good Switch: The Radical Future of Emotion.