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Neuroscience: The mind reader

Neuroscience: The mind reader
Adrian Owen still gets animated when he talks about patient 23. The patient was only 24 years old when his life was devastated by a car accident. Alive but unresponsive, he had been languishing in what neurologists refer to as a vegetative state for five years, when Owen, a neuro-scientist then at the University of Cambridge, UK, and his colleagues at the University of Liège in Belgium, put him into a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) machine and started asking him questions. Incredibly, he provided answers. A change in blood flow to certain parts of the man's injured brain convinced Owen that patient 23 was conscious and able to communicate. Patients in these states have emerged from a coma and seem awake. Owen's discovery1, reported in 2010, caused a media furore. Nature Podcast Communicating with vegetative patients. Many researchers disagree with Owen's contention that these individuals are conscious. Lost and found Owen wanted to find one. Anyone for tennis? To the clinic Related:  Cognitive Augmentation

Reading Visual Braille with a Retinal Prosthesis | Frontiers in Neuroprosthetics 1Second Sight Medical Products, Sylmar, CA, USA 2Brigham Young University – Idaho, Rexburg, ID, USA 3UMR-S 968, Institut de la Vision, Paris, France 4CIC INSERM DHOS 503, National Ophthalmology Hospital, Paris, France Retinal prostheses, which restore partial vision to patients blinded by outer retinal degeneration, are currently in clinical trial. The Argus II retinal prosthesis system was recently awarded CE approval for commercial use in Europe. While retinal prosthesis users have achieved remarkable visual improvement to the point of reading letters and short sentences, the reading process is still fairly cumbersome. Keywords: retina, epiretinal prosthesis, sensory substitution, retinitis pigmentosa, blindness, perception, degeneration, sight restoration Citation: Lauritzen TZ, Harris J, Mohand-Said S, Sahel JA, Dorn JD, McClure K and Greenberg RJ (2012) Reading visual braille with a retinal prosthesis. *Correspondence: Thomas Z.

Can Your Friends Bribe You to Get Healthy? Neuroscience Says Yes Wade Roush6/15/12 HealthRally is a company that Paul McCartney would understand well. It’s all about getting a little help from your friends. A little help making health-related changes, that is—like quitting smoking, losing weight, or adhering to an exercise program. Lurking right behind HealthRally’s cheerful Web interface, there’s a complex recipe that draws on lessons from neuroscience and behavioral economics to keep users and their teams of supporters inspired. HealthRally co-founder Zack Lynch in an interview with NBC Bay Area “The cutting edge of neuroscience is behavior change,” Lynch argues. HealthRally debuted last fall with $400,000 in seed funding from Esther Dyson, Ty Danco, and other prominent angel investors. Wade Roush: Where did the idea for HealthRally come from? Zack Lynch: It was through writing the book that a couple of things came to me. WR: What sorts of personal experiences? ZL: My brother was a smoker.

Magic Moments: AAC Intervention with BrainPOP There’s so much to love about BrainPOP. Geared for students in 4th-12th grades. Solid curricular content. Engaging animation and really fun educational games. Aligned with Common Core. -Magic Moments: Ideas for AAC Intervention with BrainPOP1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Be Sociable, Share! Tags: intervention, language, Magic Moments About the Author Carole Zangari Carole Zangari has been involved in the practice and teaching of AAC for over 20 years.

The man who hears colour 15 February 2012Last updated at 15:37 Artist Neil Harbisson is completely colour-blind. Here, he explains how a camera attached to his head allows him to hear colour. Until I was 11, I didn't know I could only see in shades of grey. When I was diagnosed with achromatopsia [a rare vision disorder], it was a bit of a shock but at least we knew what was wrong. When I was 16, I decided to study art. I was allowed to do the entire art course in greyscale - only using black and white. At university I went to a cybernetics lecture by Adam Montandon, a student from Plymouth University, and asked if we could create something so I could see colour. If we were all to hear the frequency of red, for example, we would hear a note that is in between F and F sharp. I started using it 24 hours a day, carrying it around in a backpack and feeling that the cybernetic device, the eyeborg, and my organism were completely connected. Continue reading the main story Shades of grey Continue reading the main story

How brain performs 'motor chunking' tasks You pick up your cell phone and dial the new number of a friend. Ten numbers. One. Number. At. After dialing the number a few more times, you find yourself typing it out as a series of three successive bursts of movement: the area code, the first three numbers, the last four numbers. "You can think about a chunk as a rhythm," said Nicholas Wymbs, a postdoctoral researcher in UC Santa Barbara's Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, and the lead author of a new study on motor chunking in the journal Neuron, published by Cell Press. The rhythm is the human brain taking information and processing it in an efficient way, according to Wymbs. But it is also in our brain's best interest to assemble single or short strings of movements into longer, integrated sequences so that a complex behavior can be made with as little effort as possible. The study was conducted using human subjects in the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanner in the Brain Imaging Center.

Olympic Torch route in Hull: 'Sophie deserves her time to shine' Proud: Sophie McMullen, 18, who has cerebral palsy, will carry the Olympic Torch through Bridlington. Picture: Jack Harland Comments (0) WHEN Sophie McMullen found out she would be carrying the Olympic Torch, she could not stop screaming. Sophie, 18, a pupil at Frederick Holmes School, was nominated for being an inspirational teenager. The fact she has severe athetoid cerebral palsy does not hold her back one bit, even though the condition affects all four limbs and her speech. A high-flyer at school, she is also an ambassador for Alternative and Augmentative Communication, spending time across Yorkshire working with mainstream and special schools, talking to pupils, parents and professionals. She said "I am really proud I'm going to be carrying the torch. "When I found out I was at home with my mum and sister and I just couldn't believe it. "I could not stop screaming." To communicate, Sophie uses a computer attached to her wheelchair, which is calibrated to her eye movements.

World Wide Mind [H]uman nature was originally one and we were a whole, and the desire and pursuit of the whole is called love.—Plato, The Symposium When my BlackBerry died I took it to a cell phone store in San Francisco’s Mission district. I handed it over to the clerk the way I would give my cat Elvis to the vet. “JVM 523,” I said mournfully. The clerk called tech support while I wandered around the store,peering at cell phone covers and batteries. “It’s dead,” he said. “You can’t just reload the operating system?” “They say not.” “How can a software bug kill a BlackBerry?” He shrugged. “All right,” I said, and walked out, minus BlackBerry. The stores were full of avocados and plantains, $15 knapsacks hanging from awnings, and rows of watches in grimy windows. Except for my email, and the Internet. Most of all, I couldn’t ask it, “Who is this person?” I had asked it that question a few months earlier while visiting Gallaudet University, a school for the deaf in Washington, D.C. Nosy?

Treatment should be more available: Doctor KINGSTON - Advocates of a new way of treating post traumatic stress disorder are calling for it to be made available to veterans across Canada. Called neurofeedback, the treatment has proven successful with a small group of patients at the Kingston Institute of Psychotherapy and Neurofeedback. In the past three years, Dr. Janet McCulloch, a psychiatrist at the institute, has treated close to 50 people. As part of a pilot program, Veterans Affairs Canada funded some veterans to have neurofeedback systems – computer and software – in their homes. Veterans in Kingston have had good access to neurofeedback treatment. The Kingston Institute of Psychotherapy and Neurofeedback is the largest such clinic in North America and is marking its first anniversary with an open house on Friday and Saturday. But now word about neurofeedback treatment is starting to spread. “Now they are starting to come from Trenton, and Belleville and Brockville,” McCulloch said. “I'm a people person. “It's life changing.

GoTalk Now Go Talk Now is a flexible, easy-to-use and powerful AAC app from Attainment Company for people who have difficulty speaking. Attainment Company is an independent, family-owned US business which since 1979 has been dedicated to helping people with cognitive disabilities succeed at school, work and life. Go Talk Now builds on the simplicity of the Go Talk AAC devices with the dynamic capabilities of an iPad. As with the Go Talk AAC devices the Go Talk Now can be combined with the Widgit Symbol Set of over 12,000 symbols via an in-app purchase to provide consistency and enhance accessibility for users. The app's content and layout allows for complete customisation of content and layout. Communication books can be stored online and downloaded or shared with other iPads via WiFi so templates can be created and then edited for individual users. Full Widgit Symbol Set available to download in-app.

The remote control helicopter you can control with your mind Special headband monitors brainwaves, and can trigger commands when certain states are met - such as the user being relaxedHelicopter can help users train their mind to enter a relaxed state By Mark Prigg Published: 18:14 GMT, 16 November 2012 | Updated: 18:22 GMT, 16 November 2012 If you've ever struggled to control a remote control helicopter and sent it crashing into a wall, help could be hand. A US firm is raising money for a remote control helicopter maneuvered not by a joystick, but by the mind. The Puzzlebox Orbit uses a headset to monitor brainwave readings. Scroll down for video The spherical helicopter, designed to be able to withstand being flown into objects, is controlled by a headwaves which can read brainwaves The user wears a headset which monitors their brain activity. When they enter a set (eg relaxed) state, flight patterns such as a preprogrammed path or commands such as 'hover' can be triggered. 'We are building and selling this crazy new toy,' its founders say.

Coordinated memory replay in the visual cortex ... [Nat Neurosci. 2007 Assistive Technology Blog: Sprint Speech-to-Speech: Service For People With Speech Disabilities Sprint has started a new service for people with speech disabilities who may not be comfortable directly talking to other people due to their speech impairment/ unclear speech. The service is called Sprint Speech-to-Speech. People with speech impairment have to deal quite many hurdles while talking on the phone - they can be easily misunderstood because of unclear speech. Of course, there's always the "What? I can't understand you" aspect of the process they have to face too. Now these folks can simply call 877 787 2660 (or *787) in the United States to connect to the Sprint Speech-to-Speech service that has specially trained operators.

" “In the end if they say they have no reason to believe the patient is conscious, I say 'fine, but I have no reason to believe you are either',” he says." by grok2 Jun 15