Ocupações Secundaristas em Londrina. What are the most-cited publications in the social sciences (according to Google Scholar)? Drawing on citation data that spans disciplines and time periods, Elliott Green has identified the most cited publications in the social sciences.
Here he shares his findings on the 25 most cited books as well as the top ten journal articles. The sheer number of citations for these top cited publications is worth noting as is the fact that no one discipline dominates over the others in the top 20, with the top six books all from different disciplines. There has been an increasing focus on citations as a measure of academic productivity in recent years, in part due to the increased ease of access to data from Google Scholar since it was launched in 2004.
While there has thus been a large amount of interest in how scholars can obtain higher numbers of citations, there has been comparatively little attention to examining what publications actually obtain huge citation counts. As such it is worth constructing a similar list, but just for the social sciences.
Do you need to raise your grade in the last quarter? Dez dicas para elaborar bom projeto de pesquisa de mestrado e doutorado. A elaboração de projeto de pesquisa é uma das etapas do processo seletivo de mestrado e doutorado.
A estrutura da proposta pode variar conforme o edital de cada programa de pós-graduação e universidade, mas, em geral, contém delimitação do tema e do problema de pesquisa, justificativas, metodologia sugerida, objetivos gerais e específicos, resultados esperados, revisão bibliográfica e previsão de cronograma. O edital ainda pode trazer critérios que serão avaliados no projeto. Há também programas que requerem propostas de pesquisas abertas a novas explorações e outros que solicitam o projeto após seis meses de aula. 1 – Propor pesquisas que estejam relacionadas ao escopo do programa de pós-graduação “É preciso conhecer o programa de pós-graduação para o qual está se candidatando. Em geral, propostas de pesquisa de mestrado fora do escopo desenvolvido no programa, no grupo de pesquisa ou mesmo pelo orientador podem sofrer resistência para serem aceitas. 7 – Apontar objetivos específicos. Gapminder- World data.
Concluir a faculdade no prazo: saiba como fazer. Revolução tecnológica pode ter sido tremendamente superestimada - 25/05/2015 - Paul Krugman - Colunistas. Clay Shirky: Institutions vs. collaboration. Diretoria de Análise de Políticas Públicas da Fundação Getulio Vargas.
Mundo do Trabalho. Natural Resources. O Suicídio. Politics. Agency (sociology) In the social sciences, agency is the capacity of individuals to act independently and to make their own free choices.
By contrast, structure are those factors of influence (such as social class, religion, gender, ethnicity, customs, etc.) that determine or limit an agent and his or her decisions. The relative difference in influences from structure and agency is debated – it's unclear to what extent a person's actions are constrained by social systems. One's agency is one's independent capability or ability to act on one's will. This ability is affected by the cognitive belief structure which one has formed through one's experiences, and the perceptions held by the society and the individual, of the structures and circumstances of the environment one is in and the position they are born into.
Disagreement on the extent of one's agency often causes conflict between parties, e.g. parents and children. Conflict theories. Middle range theory (sociology) Middle-range theory, developed by Robert K.
Merton, is an approach to sociological theorizing aimed at integrating theory and empirical research. It is currently the de facto dominant approach to sociological theory construction, especially in the United States. Middle-range theory starts with an empirical phenomenon (as opposed to a broad abstract entity like the social system) and abstracts from it to create general statements that can be verified by data. This approach stands in contrast to the earlier "grand" theorizing of social theory, such as functionalism and many conflict theories.
Raymond Boudon has argued that 'middle-range' theory is the same concept that most other sciences simply call 'theory'. The analytical sociology movement has as its aim the unification of such theories into a coherent paradigm at a greater level of abstraction. The term "middle-range theory" does not refer to a specific theory, but is rather an approach to theory construction. Theory Greats. Theory Greats One of the main components of your workbook is to relate your topic to the tradition of sociological theory. 9 times during the course of the semester, you must engage in a mental dialogue with one of the past or present towering figures of the discipline.
Take some insight from the theory or work of the figure and apply it to your own topic. In practice what that means is that you should read over the relevant chapter or chapters of One World and then make an entry of about one page, concerning the application of the theory to your topic. Below, I have written ten thumbnail sketches of those figures, to make it easier, but the sketches are designed to supplement rather than to substitute for the reading. They are also designed to give you some sense of he human face behind the theories.