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Cronulla Riots - Documentary - SBS. Make no mistake: Cook’s voyages were part of a military mission to conquer and expand. Captain James Cook arrived in the Pacific 250 years ago, triggering British colonisation of the region.

Make no mistake: Cook’s voyages were part of a military mission to conquer and expand

We’re asking researchers to reflect on what happened and how it shapes us today. You can see other stories in the series here and an interactive here. The military nature of the Endeavour’s voyage – as part of an aggressive reconnaissance and defence against Indigenous resistance – has historically been overlooked or downplayed. But musket fire was used many times to teach lessons of British military superiority. Violence underscored almost all of Cook’s Pacific encounters with Indigenous peoples.

In the broader strategic sense – as all 18th and early 19th century scientific voyages were – Cook’s voyages were part of a European drive to conquer. At its heart, Cook’s first voyage was first and foremost a Royal Navy expedition and he was chosen as a military commander who had a background in mathematics and cartography. Cook250 – The Conversation. The stories of Tupaia and Omai and their vital role as Captain Cook's unsung shipmates. Captain James Cook arrived in the Pacific 250 years ago, triggering British colonisation of the region.

The stories of Tupaia and Omai and their vital role as Captain Cook's unsung shipmates

We’re asking researchers to reflect on what happened and how it shapes us today. You can see other stories in the series here and an interactive here. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander readers are advised this article contains names and images of deceased people. Several recent exhibitions on James Cook have sought to include discussions of the Indigenous people who journeyed with him on his Pacific voyages. In exhibitions marking the 250th anniversary of the Endeavour’s departure from Britain in 2018, for example, both the British Library and the National Library of Australia focused in part on the priest Tupaia, who travelled with Cook from Tahiti to Batavia (present-day Jakarta) in 1769. These exhibitions emphasised Tupaia’s navigational prowess, but didn’t provide extensive detail on the role he played in the British enterprises.

Tupaia’s motivations for joining the Endeavour. Captain Cook 'discovered' Australia, and other myths from old school text books. Captain James Cook arrived in the Pacific 250 years ago, triggering British colonisation of the region.

Captain Cook 'discovered' Australia, and other myths from old school text books

We’re asking researchers to reflect on what happened and how it shapes us today. You can see other stories in the series here, and an interactive here. What Australians often get wrong about our most (in)famous explorer, Captain Cook. Posted Sun at 10:34pmSun 19 Apr 2020, 10:34pm With the 250th anniversary of Captain James Cook's voyage to Australia, it is time to brush up on the history of our nation's most famous naval explorer. Key points: Many European voyages had previously visited and mapped parts of AustraliaCook was not surprised to sail into view of what he called the "east coast of New Holland"Cook reported that he had "failed in discovering" an unknown southern continent.

Local History

Women Also Know History. John Henry Austral - a short history of politcal advertising - The History Listen - ABC Radio National (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) Political advertising is a central part of our electoral system: political parties have the benefit of being in complete control of their message to voters, but this control comes with a hefty price tag One of the most significant political advertising campaigns in Australia took place in the lead-up to the 1949 federal election.

John Henry Austral - a short history of politcal advertising - The History Listen - ABC Radio National (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)

The Liberal party under Robert Menzies was determined to win government; in 1948, it launched ‘John Henry Austral’, a twice-weekly radio broadcast that promoted its basic philosophy. It ran for over 18 months, broadcast on 80 commercial radio stations across Australia. Rabaul & Montevideo Maru Society. Navigating through difficult histories. EDITORIAL: How exactly should we remember the important early encounters in New Zealand history?

Navigating through difficult histories

Should we praise or condemn or find a difficult but honest middle ground? The Government announced in February that it has committed $3.5 million to a national commemoration of the 250 years that have passed since Captain James Cook first visited New Zealand. Words like "discovery" have long since been outmoded. Former Arts, Culture and Heritage Minister Maggie Barry talked instead of the first encounters between Europeans and Māori, with a replica of Cook's ship, the Endeavour, stopping at important sites of contact, beginning with Gisborne in October 2019.

Barry said the Endeavour will be part of a flotilla, known as the Tuia 250 Voyage, that will honour Polynesian sailing traditions alongside European ones. A history of compulsory voting in Australia (and why we are so good at elections) Opinion Posted about 3 hours agoThu 28 Feb 2019, 9:13pm In the middle of the 19th century the south-eastern mainland states of Australia gave every man a vote, and the secret Australian ballot transformed voting practices.

A history of compulsory voting in Australia (and why we are so good at elections)

In the 1890s, South and Western Australia followed New Zealand in giving women the vote. These democratic achievements led the world and shaped the nation created in 1901 when the colonies federated. Democracy was in its blood and the experiments continued. Australia was the first nation to give women the right to stand for parliament, and the first to establish a national non-partisan electoral machinery. Why were so many women in the 1970s high on drugs and called Barry? Not exactly.

Why were so many women in the 1970s high on drugs and called Barry?

In the world of the Weekly, married women took not only their husband's surname, but his first name as well. Their own name disappeared entirely. Even someone as famous as the glamorous Sonia McMahon – wife of the then prime minister, Billy McMahon – was nearly always referred to as Mrs William McMahon. She was in the magazine all the time, in photo shoots and interviews and the social pages – usually standing next to a woman called Mrs Burt Carruthers or Mrs Graeme Williams.

HMB Endeavour Virtual Tour. HONEST HISTORYHONEST HISTORY. [ Australia’s war history | Anzac analysed | Reality of war | Home front | Aftermath | War literature | Strands of Australian history | The land we live in | People like us | Ruling ourselves | The sweat of our brows | Learning and improving | Expressing ourselves | Getting on with the world | Using and abusing history | Teaching history | Jauncey’s view archive | Talking Turkey archive | Inequality archive | First peoples archive ] Honest History provides a regularly renewing resource illustrating the richness of Australian history.

HONEST HISTORYHONEST HISTORY

Under each of the headings below there are dozens of references, including details of author, title and publishing. Some items include summaries or extracts. Some articles have been specially written for Honest History. Assistance with finding your way around the material is in our general guide to Navigating this site. Wherever possible we have included links to. Australian History. What did Sydney's early settlers eat? Updated yesterday at 6:46amSun 29 Jul 2018, 6:46am Long before cultural diversity gifted Sydney its vibrant and accessible foodscape, colonial settlers were reliant on stews, native spinach and even imported ice to keep their meals exciting.

What did Sydney's early settlers eat?

Jacqui Newling, the resident colonial gastronomer at Sydney Living Museums, has long been researching the types of food served in the city's historic houses, like the terrace houses at The Rocks built in 1844.

Immigration

Gold Rush Era. Schools and teachers. Australia’s hidden history of slavery: the government divides to conquer. My grandfather was Moses Topay Enares.

Australia’s hidden history of slavery: the government divides to conquer

He was only 12 years old when he was coerced onto a ship, put in the hold and fed stodge, a flour-like substance, until he arrived in Queensland. His wife, who recorded and retold his story, tells of him being taken from the beach off the island of Tanna, Vanuatu. Moses passed on the Northern Rivers in New South Wales in 1961. He never saw his family from Tanna again. Black Lives Matter is an inspired world movement of consciousness that gives voice to the resilience and self-determination of people of colour in their continued fight for freedom and social justice.

Several words are used to depict the history of my people: indenture, slavery, kidnapping, blackbirding and Kanaka. We identify as Sugar Slaves, and we are confident and firm about correcting the “official” versions of history. Australia's National Heritage List - the story so far. The National Heritage List documents the places of outstanding heritage importance to Australia as a nation.

The List of places will lengthen in the future as Australians continue to identify places that are of outstanding value in telling our national stories, and as our nation continues to evolve. Australia Becomes a Nation Unit Plan – Teach Starter. A History of Immigration in Australia. Blackbirding: Australia's history of luring, tricking and kidnapping Pacific Islanders.

By Will Higginbotham Updated Recent debate in the United States over the legacy of slavery has reignited discussions about Australia's own dark past. Starting from the 1860s, tens of thousands of Pacific Islanders were taken to Australia to work on plantations in Queensland — often by force or trickery. Unmarked mass graves full of labourers who died on those plantations are still being uncovered today. Now their descendants, the Australian South Sea Islander community, are calling for their history to be properly recognised. Shooting The Past. Shooting The Past. Video Overview Beautiful Melbourne (1947) on ASO - Australia's audio and visual heritage online.

ANZACs

Theconversation. The relationship between European settlers and native Australian foodstuffs during the 19th century was a complex one. While the taste for native ingredients waxed and waned for the first century of European settlement, there’s ample evidence to demonstrate that local ingredients were no strangers to colonials’ kitchens or pots. British settlers needed to engage with the edible flora and fauna of the continent almost immediately upon arrival. The journals of First Fleet officers record not only their reliance on native food, but the relish with which they enjoyed it.

For example, First Fleet surgeon George Worgan noted in his diary a feast held to celebrate the King’s birthday: We sat down to a very good Entertainment, considering how far we are from Leaden-Hall Market, it consisted of Mutton, Pork, Ducks, Fowls, Fish, Kanguroo, Sallads, Pies & preserved Fruits. But despite the colonists’ reliance on native ingredients to supplement their diet, they were regarded with deep suspicion.

Indigenous Australians

Worst mass murder of police in Australian history remembered. Updated Police have gathered in a remote forest near the southern New South Wales town of Braidwood to mark 150 years since the worst mass murder of police officers in Australian history. On January 9, 1867, four special constables assigned to catch the notorious Clarke Gang were ambushed and killed near Jinden, New South Wales. Special Constables John Carroll, Patrick Kennagh, Eneas McDonnell and John Phegan were the police killed in the exchange. The five funniest moments in Australian history. History, let's be blunt, is hilarious. History of Australian States, 1783-1989. Search millions of free academic articles, chapters, and theses.

National Archives of Australia and Archives NZ. National Library of Australia. Trove: Newspaper Home. Australian War Memorial. National Archives of Australia, Australian Government. Collections in Melbourne: A Guide to Commonwealth Government Records - Collections in Melbourne: A Guide to Commonwealth Records. Celia Blake. 1 Historical background. Images Australia - Table of Contents - Photos, Art, Music, Poetry.

AC History Units. Australian History - The Hidden Story of Australia's Missing Links. Golden Victoria. Colonial Melbourne. Digital Collections - Pictures - Raper, George, 1769-1796. The Ducie collection of First Fleet art [picture] _James Cook: Celebrated North Country Explorer. Why did the great journey's of exploration occur?

Emigrant Experience

Convicts. National Archives of Australia and Archives NZ. Australian painters. John Glover (1767-1849), Australian landscape with cattle: the artist's property Patterdale, c. 1835, oil on canvas. Famous Australian Poets and Poems. Australian Olympic Committee: Olympian Search. Australian History: Post Federation: Sporting Achievements. Sport Australia Hall of Fame - Legends of Australian Sport. 2013 Induction & Awards Dinner News Feed. ADB Home - Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian Biography. National Portrait Gallery, Canberra - Portraits. Welcome to the National Portrait Gallery's collection search. The National Portrait Gallery's collection contains portraits depicted in a wide variety of media; paintings, sculptures, prints, drawings and photographs.

Prime Ministers of Australia. First Fleet - Stories. Collections - First Fleet artwork collection. Australia's PMs - Australia's Prime Ministers. Site map | Glossary | Contact us. Factsheets · Museum of Australian Democracy at Old Parliament House. Gallipoli War Correspondents - National Library of Australia Online Exhibition. The First Australians.Ep1/7.pt.1/7 - They came to stay. (02:42) Joseph Banks' Endeavour Journal. First Fleet Fellowship Victoria Inc. National Treasures – Endeavour Journal (2004. Www.achistoryunits.edu.au/verve/_resources/Htaa_first_fleet_daily_routine.pdf. Sydney Living Museums. History of Moreton Bay Convict Settlement and Penal Colony.

First Fleet Fellowship Victoria Inc. First fleet. Australia's First Fleet. Convict Records. The Journal of Captain Patrick Logan. Capt Patrick Logan. Topics: Ireland-Australia transportation database. British Convict Transportation Registers Database. The Official Globe Trekker WebsiteThe Official Globe Trekker Website. History - Digital Education Resources. Australia's Wartime History - Digital Education Resources. Australia's Wartime History - Digital Education Resources. Australia's Wartime History - Digital Education Resources. End of the White Australia Policy - 80 Days That Changed Our Lives - ABC Archives.

1808 Rum Rebellion. The First Fleet. Four-dimensional storytelling - A Short History of Australia. Australia's Wartime History - Digital Education Resources. History - Digital Education Resources. Pandora Archive - Preserving and Accessing Networked DOcumentary Resources of Australia. Classroom learning. Primary School Year 5 & 6 Free Lesson Plans, Links and Resources. Golden Heritage Stories. Heritage Victoria - What House is That? Australian Digital Collections. Units of work.