background preloader

Folksonomies - Cooperative Classification and Communication Through Shared Metadata

Folksonomies - Cooperative Classification and Communication Through Shared Metadata
The Creation of Metadata: Professionals, Content Creators, Users Metadata is often characterized as “data about data.” Metadata is information, often highly structured, about documents, books, articles, photographs, or other items that is designed to support specific functions. Traditionally metadata is created by dedicated professionals. While professionally created metadata are often considered of high quality, it is costly in terms of time and effort to produce. User created metadata is a third approach, and this paper focuses on grassroots community classification of digital assets. One form of explicit user created metadata was popularized in the late 1990’s with link-‍focused websites called weblogs (Blood 2000). Tagging Content in and Flickr ( henceforth referred to as “Delicious”) is a tool to organize web pages. “a social bookmarks manager. Delicious is not unique or pioneering in its role as bookmarks manager. From Tags to Folksonomy

YAGO-NAGA - D5: Databases and Information Systems (Max-Planck-Institut für Informatik) Overview YAGO is a huge semantic knowledge base, derived from Wikipedia WordNet and GeoNames. Currently, YAGO has knowledge of more than 10 million entities (like persons, organizations, cities, etc.) and contains more than 120 million facts about these entities. YAGO is special in several ways: The accuracy of YAGO has been manually evaluated, proving a confirmed accuracy of 95%. YAGO is developed jointly with the DBWeb group at Télécom ParisTech University.

Tags & Folksonomies - What are they, and why should you care? Tags, or folksonomies are actually a lot simpler than much of the acedemic debate surrounding them. Put simply, they are a user defined method for organizing data. Im going to try to explain what they are, why they are important to marketers and web devs and suggest some ways you might use them. Follow the title link above for the full post. First, Some Examples of Tags in Action There are only a few good, working examples of tagging in operation right now. - a social bookmarking systemFlickr - a photo publishing / sharing siteTechnorati Tags - a recent feature added to the popular blog search engineMetaFilter Tags - another recently added feature to the original group blog.TagSurf - an experimental forum based on tags rather than the standard way of organizing topics and flickr were the first systems to use tagging as far as im aware, at least to become popular because of it. So How does it Work? So What Makes Tags Important? Oh boy, starting to get the picture?

You’re It! Associative model of data The associative model of data is an alternative data model for database systems. Other data models, such as the relational model and the object data model, are record-based. These models involve encompassing attributes about a thing, such as a car, in a record structure. A number of claims made about the model by Simon Williams, in his book The Associative Model of Data, distinguish the associative model from more traditional models. Discussion[edit] In an associative database management system, data and metadata (data about data) are stored as two types of things: Items, each of which has a unique identifier and a name.Links, each of which has a unique identifier, together with the unique identifiers of three other things, that represent the source, verb and target of a fact that is recorded about the source in the database. Here's how the associative model would use these two structures to store the piece of information Flight BA1234 arrived at London Heathrow on 12-Dec-05 at 10:25 am.

Folksonomy :: This page is a static permanent web document. It has been written to provide a place to cite the coinage of folksonomy. This is response the request from many in the academic community to document the circumstances and date of the creation of the term folksonomy. The definition at creation is also part of this document. This document pulls together bits of conversations and ideas I wrote regarding folksonomy on listserves, e-mail, in my blogs and in blog comments on other's sites in 2004. Background I have been a fan of ad hoc labeling and tagging systems since at least the late 1980s after watching a co-worker work his magic with Lotus Magellan (he would add his own ad hoc keywords or tags to the documents on his hard drive, paying particular attention to add these tags to documents others created so to add his context). In 2003 was started by Joshua Schacter and it included identity in its social bookmarking. Creation of Folksonomy Term Definition of Folksonomy

H2O Playlist: Home Common Sense Computing Initiative | at the MIT Media Lab Years ago, we made a decision to put all our Python packages in a common namespace called csc . To put it simply, this did not work well. Today, we have finally undone this decision by deprecating the csc namespace and renaming every single one of our modules. Python programmers, please learn from our mistake and never make a namespace package. If you upgrade our software, you'll get more straightforward names for our modules. The new releases are ConceptNet 4.0.0 , Divisi2 2.2.0 , csc-utils 0.6 , and a new package called simplenlp 0.9 . The new names to import are: csc.conceptnet → conceptnet csc.divisi2 → divisi2 → simplenlp csc.util → csc_utils csc.corpus → conceptnet.corpus csc.lib → conceptnet.lib csc.django_settings → conceptnet.django_settings csc.pseudo_auth → conceptnet.pseudo_auth csc.webapi → conceptnet.webapi There's still a package called csc , and basically what it's there for is to make your old code keep working.

Folksonomy An empirical analysis of the complex dynamics of tagging systems, published in 2007,[8] has shown that consensus around stable distributions and shared vocabularies does emerge, even in the absence of a central controlled vocabulary. For content to be searchable, it should be categorized and grouped. While this was believed to require commonly agreed on sets of content describing tags (much like keywords of a journal article), recent research has found that, in large folksonomies, common structures also emerge on the level of categorizations.[9] Accordingly, it is possible to devise mathematical models of collaborative tagging that allow for translating from personal tag vocabularies (personomies) to the vocabulary shared by most users.[10] Origin[edit] Folksonomy is a type of collaborative tagging system in which the classification of data is done by users. There are two different groups of folksonomies. Semantic Web[edit] Library Catalogs[edit] Folksontology[edit] See also[edit]

Public could help BBC to index archive Pilot project allows listeners to add searchable keywords to audio programmes The BBC could ask listeners to write programme information about its radio news bulletins in order to make its vast archives more accessible to future generations of licence payers. Under the Annotatable Audio project, radio listeners would be able to mark and add descriptive keywords to segments of programming they want to flag for bookmarking or sharing with others. It means they could highlight a specific item within a lengthy bulletin stream and return to that particular point later. Inspired by Flickr and Wikipedia, the project is a private, early-stage pilot of social software produced at BBC Radio and Music Interactive that lets listeners slice programmes into chunks that can be identified by using tags. "How are people supposed to find the specific bit of audio or video that they're looking for? Comments From BeachBum, 11:27 10 November 2005 Peter, the whinging Pommie bastard.

ConceptNet | Common Sense Computing Initiative ConceptNet aims to give computers access to common-sense knowledge , the kind of information that ordinary people know but usually leave unstated. The data in ConceptNet is being collected from ordinary people who contributed it on sites like Open Mind Common Sense . ConceptNet represents this data in the form of a semantic network, and makes it available to be used in natural language processing and intelligent user interfaces. ConceptNet is an open source project, with a Python implementation and a REST API that anyone can use to add computational common sense to their own project. A great tool to help you use ConceptNet in your software is Divisi . Some of the nodes and links in ConceptNet. Places to go next ConceptNet Development Team Current developers Project alumni Papers Papers about ConceptNet itself Havasi, C., Speer, R. & Alonso, J. (2007) ConceptNet 3: a Flexible, Multilingual Semantic Network for Common Sense Knowledge. Liu, H. & Singh, P. (2004).

Intute: Encouraging Critical Thinking Online Encouraging Critical Thinking Online is a set of free teaching resources designed to develop students' analytic abilities, using the Web as source material. Two units are currently available, each consisting of a series of exercises for classroom or seminar use. Students are invited to explore the Web and find a number of sites which address the selected topic, and then, in a teacher-led group discussion, to share and discuss their findings. The resources encourage students to think carefully and critically about the information sources they use. A comprehensive Teacher's Guide provides an overview of the course, lesson/seminar outlines, suggestions of illustrative websites, and points for discussion. Teacher's Guide (Units 1 and 2) Printable version (PDF) Resources for Unit 1: Checking Facts and Gathering Opinions Resources for Unit 1 Resources for Unit 2: Gauging and Examining Popular Opinion Resources for Unit 2

The Need for Creating Tag Standards at The NeoSmart Files Web 2.0, blogging, and tags all go together, hand-in-hand. However, while RPC standards exist for blogs and the pinheads boggle over the true definition of a “blog,” no one has a cast-in-iron standard for tags. Depending on where you go and who you ask, tags are implemented differently, and even defined in their own unique way. To Space or Not to Space, that is the Question This one is probably the most obvious obstacle and the most destructive when it comes to tallying tag popularity or making those pretty tag clouds: Can tags have spaces in them or not?! Yesterday we were discussing how best to implement the tagging feature in the upcoming blogging engine, Habari, and this topic caused quite a lot of confusion. WindowsVista Software Microsoft or Windows-Vista… or Windows_Vista Technorati: “Windows Vista” Software Microsoft UTW/WP: Windows Vista, Software, Microsoft That’s assuming you already know what form the site accepts and what it filters out.

XML Introduction - What is XML?