Egyptian Empire [1570 - 1070 BC]
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Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization of Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt . Egyptian civilization coalesced around 3150 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology ) [ 1 ] with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh . [ 2 ] The history of ancient Egypt occurred in a series of stable Kingdoms , separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods : the Old Kingdom of the Early Bronze Age , the Middle Kingdom of the Middle Bronze Age and the New Kingdom of the Late Bronze Age . Egypt reached the pinnacle of its power during the New Kingdom, in the Ramesside period where it rivalled the Hittite Empire , Assyrian Empire and Mitanni Empire , after which it entered a period of slow decline.
Ka (pharaoh) in hieroglyphs Hor-Ka Ḥr-k3 Hor-Sekhen
Scorpion , or Selk , also King Scorpion or Scorpion II refers to the second of two kings so-named of Upper Egypt during the Protodynastic Period . Their names may refer to the scorpion goddess Serket . The name of the queen who was his consort was Shesh I, the mother of Narmer and the great-grandmother of another queen, Shesh II. The only pictorial evidence of his existence is the so-called Scorpion Macehead that was found in the Main deposit by archeologists James E. Quibell and Frederick W.
Narmer was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the Early Dynastic Period (c. 31st century BC ). [ 1 ] He is thought to be the successor to the Protodynastic pharaohs Scorpion (or Selk ) and/or Ka , and he is considered by some to be the unifier of Egypt and founder of the First Dynasty , and therefore the first pharaoh of unified Egypt. The identity of Narmer is the subject of ongoing debate, although mainstream Egyptological consensus [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] identifies Narmer with the First Dynasty pharaoh Menes . Menes is also credited with the unification of Egypt , as the first pharaoh. This conclusion is based on the Narmer Palette which shows Narmer as the unifier of Egypt and the two necropolis seals from Abydos that show him as the first king of the First Dynasty (see discussion below).
Street with tombs in southern City of the Dead Northeastern view of City of the Dead, from the Qaitbay Mosque. A City of the Dead tomb structure, adapted as a residence. The , or ( ), is an Arabic necropolis and cemetery below the Mokattam Hills in southeastern Cairo , Egypt .
Thebes ( pron.: / θ iː b z / ; [ 1 ] Ancient Greek : Θῆβαι , Thēbai ) is the Greek name for a city in Ancient Egypt , natively known as Waset , located about 800 km south of the Mediterranean, on the east bank of the river Nile within the modern city of Luxor . The Theban Necropolis is situated nearby on the west bank of the Nile. [ edit ] Name