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Quick learning of CRISPR/Cas9. Single Molecule Real Time Sequencing - Pacific Biosciences. A Metagenomic Survey of Microbes in Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder. BLAST: Basic Local Alignment Search Tool. National Center for Biotechnology Information. National Center for Biotechnology Information logo The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) is part of the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health.

National Center for Biotechnology Information

The NCBI is located in Bethesda, Maryland and was founded in 1988 through legislation sponsored by Senator Claude Pepper. The NCBI houses a series of databases relevant to biotechnology and biomedicine. Major databases include GenBank for DNA sequences and PubMed, a bibliographic database for the biomedical literature. Other databases include the NCBI Epigenomics database. NCBI is directed by David Lipman, one of the original authors of the BLAST sequence alignment program and a widely respected figure in bioinformatics. GenBank[edit] The NCBI has software tools that are available by WWW browsing or by FTP. NCBI Bookshelf[edit] Notes and references[edit] See also[edit] External links[edit] Court: Human genes cannot be patented.

Unanimous ruling a compromise; court says synthetic material, cDNA, can be patentedActress Angelina Jolie drove attention to the issue involving breast cancerIssue was whether "products of nature" could be treated similarly to human inventionsCompany at center of case says decision upheld a key claim on synthetic DNA Washington (CNN) -- The Supreme Court unanimously ruled on Thursday that human genes cannot be patented.

Court: Human genes cannot be patented

But in something of a compromise, all nine justices said while the naturally occurring isolated biological material itself is not patentable, a synthetic version of the gene material may be patented. Legal and medical experts believe the decision will have a lasting impact on genetic testing, likely making varieties more widely available and more affordable. The overriding legal question addressed was whether "products of nature" can be treated the same as "human-made" inventions, allowing them to be held as the exclusive intellectual property of individuals and companies.

GenBank Home. The Sequence Manipulation Suite. HomoloGene Home. International Mouse Strain Resource. Mice Query Form. ethics of research involving animals - summary & recs only.pdf. The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks Summary - Rebecca Skloot. Henrietta Lacks was born in 1920, the eighth of ten children.

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks Summary - Rebecca Skloot

Her mother died in 1924, at which point her father took all the children to his family’s home in Clover, Virginia and split them up to live with various relatives. Henrietta was placed with Tommy Lacks, her grandfather, in a four-room cabin that had once been home to slaves. This cabin was the center of Lacks family life, and everyone called it the home-house. When Henrietta moved in, Tommy Lacks was already raising another grandchild, Henrietta’s cousin David Lacks. David, whom everyone called Day, had been born to an unwed mother on the home-house floor nine years before. In childhood, Henrietta and Day got up early each morning to tend the farm animals and the kitchen garden.

Pay special attention to the Affidavits on p7. Tragic chapter of Crownsville State Hospital's legacy - For The Record. One image shows African-Americans lounging on the grass on Family Day; in another photo, obviously staged, nurses attend to a smiling patient dressed in a coat and tie.

Tragic chapter of Crownsville State Hospital's legacy - For The Record

Other snapshots show an adult chained to a wall, a child with her frail arms strapped to a chair, men crammed into a windowless dorm room. An online service is needed to view this article in its entirety. You need an online service to view this article in its entirety. Login. Crownsville Hospital Center. Crownsville Hospital Center, February 8, 2010 The Crownsville Hospital Center is a former psychiatric hospital located in Crownsville, Maryland.

Crownsville Hospital Center

It was in operation from 1911 to 2004. History[edit] The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. Chapter-by-Chapter Summary and Commentary - Quicklet on Rebecca Skloot's The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. “But I tell you one thing, I don’t want to be immortal if it mean living forever, cause then everybody else just die and get old in front of you while you stay the same, and that’s just sad.”

Chapter-by-Chapter Summary and Commentary - Quicklet on Rebecca Skloot's The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks

Prologue: The Woman in the Photography & Chapter 1: The Exam (1951) Summary Hanging on Rebecca Skloot’s wall is a black and white picture of Henrietta Lacks. ORI - The Office of Research Integrity. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects Prepared by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) CIOMS Geneva 2002 Ethical justification and scientific validity of biomedical research involving human subjects Ethical review.

Protecting Human Research Participants. Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. Adopted by the 18th WMA General Assembly, Helsinki, Finland, June 1964 and amended by the:29th WMA General Assembly, Tokyo, Japan, October 197535th WMA General Assembly, Venice, Italy, October 198341st WMA General Assembly, Hong Kong, September 198948th WMA General Assembly, Somerset West, Republic of South Africa, October 199652nd WMA General Assembly, Edinburgh, Scotland, October 2000 53rd WMA General Assembly, Washington DC, USA, October 2002 (Note of Clarification added)55th WMA General Assembly, Tokyo, Japan, October 2004 (Note of Clarification added)59th WMA General Assembly, Seoul, Republic of Korea, October 200864th WMA General Assembly, Fortaleza, Brazil, October 2013 Preamble 1.

Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects

The World Medical Association (WMA) has developed the Declaration of Helsinki as a statement of ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, including research on identifiable human material and data. 2. General Principles 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. The Nuremberg Code. Code of Federal Regulations. Bioethics Information Resources. NLM® and NIH Electronic Resources PubMed®Search MEDLINE®/PubMed for journal citations concerning bioethics.

Bioethics Information Resources

NLM Catalog Search the NLM collection for books, serials, and other materials. Genetics Home Reference™ Provides consumer information about genetic conditions and the genes or chromosomes responsible for those conditions. World changing technology enables crops to take nitrogen from the air. A major new technology has been developed by The University of Nottingham, which enables all of the world's crops to take nitrogen from the air rather than expensive and environmentally damaging fertilisers.

World changing technology enables crops to take nitrogen from the air

Nitrogen fixation, the process by which nitrogen is converted to ammonia, is vital for plants to survive and grow. However, only a very small number of plants, most notably legumes (such as peas, beans and lentils) have the ability to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere with the help of nitrogen fixing bacteria. The vast majority of plants have to obtain nitrogen from the soil, and for most crops currently being grown across the world, this also means a reliance on synthetic nitrogen fertiliser.

Patent EP2525649A2 - Excision of transgenes in genetically modified organisms - Google Patents. This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 61/297,628, filed January 22, 2010, titled "Excision of Transgenes in Genetically Modified Organisms. " The invention generally relates to compositions and methods for generating transgenic plants. Researchers produce first complete computer model of an organism. July 19, 2012 A mammoth effort has produced a complete computational model of the bacterium Mycoplasma genitalium, opening the door for biological computer-aided design.

By Max McClure The Covert Lab incorporated more than 1,900 experimentally observed parameters into their model of the tiny parasite Mycoplasma genitalium. (Illustration: Erik Jacobsen / Covert Lab) In a breakthrough effort for computational biology, the world's first complete computer model of an organism has been completed, Stanford researchers reported last week in the journal Cell. UC-eLinks direct link. Ray Kurzweil: The Biotechnology Revolution.