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Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece. Thanks to existing Greek sculptures and texts, we know how people dressed in ancient Greece.

Ancient Greece

The peplos, worn by the woman in the statue above, was the universal garment for Greek women until the 6th century B.C.E. Democracy. Philosophy. Sculpture. Dramatic tragedies. Many of the fundamental elements of Western culture first arose more than 2000 years ago in ancient Greece. After conquering the Greeks, the ancient Romans spread Greek ideas throughout their empire, which included much of Europe. After the fall of the Roman Empire, these ideas lost their prominence in European society during most of the Middle Ages (500-1500 C.E.). Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient Greece.

BBC: Ancient Greeks. Welcome to Odyssey Online: Greece. The British Museum: Ancient Greece. Ancient Greeks: Everyday Life, Beliefs and Myths. Tragedy and Comedy: Greek Theatre Theatres were invented by the Greeks.

Ancient Greeks: Everyday Life, Beliefs and Myths

They could hold up to 14,000 people and audiences would come from all over Greece. Early Greek theatres were usually built into hillsides and were circular, so that all members of the audience could hear what the actors were saying. There were never more than three actors on stage at one time and they were almost always men or boys. The plays were either comedies or tragedies. Ancient Greece. EyeWitness To The Ancient World. Greek Medicine. MET Museum: Architecture in Ancient Greece. Ancient Greece for Kids. PENN Museum: The Ancient Greek World. History.com: Sparta. Sparta, also known as Lacedaemon, was an ancient Greek city-state located primarily in the present-day region of southern Greece called Laconia.

History.com: Sparta

The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens. The Perioeci, whose name means “dwellers-around,” worked as craftsmen and traders, and built weapons for the Spartans. All healthy male Spartan citizens participated in the compulsory state-sponsored education system, the Agoge, which emphasized obedience, endurance, courage and self-control. Spartan men devoted their lives to military service, and lived communally well into adulthood. A Spartan was taught that loyalty to the state came before everything else, including one’s family.

The Helots, whose name means “captives,” were fellow Greeks, originally from Laconia and Messenia, who had been conquered by the Spartans and turned into slaves. Secrets of the Parthenon. Biography - Greek mathematician. There are nine extant treatises by Archimedes in Greek.

biography - Greek mathematician

The principal results in On the Sphere and Cylinder (in two books) are that the surface area of any sphere of radius r is four times that of its greatest circle (in modern notation, S = 4πr2) and that the volume of a sphere is two-thirds that of the cylinder in which it is inscribed (leading immediately to the formula for the volume, V = 4/3πr3). Archimedes was proud enough of the latter discovery to leave instructions for his tomb to be marked with a ... (100 of 2,621 words) <ul><li><a href="/EBchecked/media/57320/Sphere-with-circumscribing-cylinder-The-volume-of-a-sphere-is? TopicId=32808"><img src=" alt="sphere: with circumscribing cylinder" /> Sphere with circumscribing cylinder<span>The volume of a sphere is 4π<em>r</em><suspan>3</suspan>/3, and the volume of the circumscribing cylinder is 2π<em>r</em><suspan>3</suspan>.

Ancient Olympic Games, First Olympics in Olympia. According to historical records, the first ancient Olympic Games can be traced back to 776 BC.

Ancient Olympic Games, First Olympics in Olympia

They were dedicated to the Olympian gods and were staged on the ancient plains of Olympia. They continued for nearly 12 centuries, until Emperor Theodosius decreed in 393 A.D. that all such "pagan cults" be banned. Olympia. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian. Go for the Gold: The Olympic Games. Sign in -or- Register PRIVACY POLICY · Terms of Use · TM ® & © 2016 Scholastic Inc.

Go for the Gold: The Olympic Games

All Rights Reserved. Perseus Project: The Ancient Olympics. PBS: The Greeks. Mythica: Greek mythology. MythWeb: Greek Mythology. The British Museum: War. Livius.org: Persia. Livius.org: Greece. BBC: Thermopylae.