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From Panic and Neglect to Investing in Health Security: Financing Pandemic Preparedness at a National Level. Cynthia – a penicillin story. WHO Releases Database on Progress of Countries in Tackling AMR- See Latest News Actions Speak Louder Than Words: Antibiotic Action working to help solve the antibiotic resistance crisis Antibiotic resistance - one of the three greatest threats to human health- World Health Organisation Antibiotic resistance affects us allNo Antibiotics - No cure Cynthia – a penicillin story Back to more True Life Stories Share this.

Cynthia – a penicillin story

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, WHO and partners rapidly and effectively coordinate the response to Ebola. Field Epidemiology Training Program: About Us. What We Do: Expand the Global Public Health Workforce At CDC, people are at the heart of everything we do.

Field Epidemiology Training Program: About Us

One way we keep people safe is through the Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP), which trains a global workforce of field epidemiologists, or “disease detectives.” Disease detectives are our “boots on the ground,” helping track, contain, and eliminate outbreaks before they become epidemics. When health threats strike, trained disease detectives investigate and use what they’ve learned to prevent people from getting sick. They communicate crucial information quickly about health problems in a community, including infectious and noncommunicable diseases and environmental hazards.

The Virus Hunters: The Daunting Search for the Next Deadly Pathogen. Kimpese, a mid-sized town in southwestern Democratic Republic of the Congo, rings with a cheerful melody as the thumping bass of café sound systems mixes with the chatter from vendors selling bright fruits and soft fabrics.

The Virus Hunters: The Daunting Search for the Next Deadly Pathogen

Against the background of this everyday chorus, it’s almost impossible to hear the tall man with grey-tinged stubble, standing beneath the overhang of a single-story, freshly painted building, talking to the bats overhead. If scientists can detail the places where lethal viruses simmer in wait, they could head off a swelling pandemic. From Panic and Neglect to Investing in Health Security: Financing Pandemic Preparedness at a National Level. Virus genomes reveal factors that spread and sustained the Ebola epidemic : Nature. The 2013–2016 West African epidemic caused by the Ebola virus was of unprecedented magnitude, duration and impact.

Virus genomes reveal factors that spread and sustained the Ebola epidemic : Nature

Here we reconstruct the dispersal, proliferation and decline of Ebola virus throughout the region by analysing 1,610 Ebola virus genomes, which represent over 5% of the known cases. Uk.businessinsider. Smallpox used to be one of the world's deadliest illnesses.

uk.businessinsider

The disease has existed for thousands of years, causing fevers, rashes, and death in 30% of cases, according to the World Health Organization. There's no treatment for the disease, but there have been vaccines to prevent it since 1796. Even so, smallpox remained a huge problem through the 1900s, eventually being eradicated in the late 1970s. Theconversation. Since it first emerged from the Ganges River delta 200 years ago, cholera has killed tens of millions of people around the world.

theconversation

It causes acute diarrhea that can kill quickly without proper treatment. Before the 1970s it was not unusual for healthy adults to die of dehydration within days of infection, despite drinking large amounts of water. By some estimates, over a billion people worldwide live in areas where there is risk of cholera, and hundreds of thousands die every year. Preventing Local Outbreaks from Becoming Global Pandemics: FETP Enhances Capabilities to Track Diseases and Stop Them at the Source.

Christine Kihembo, FETP graduate from Uganda led a study in her country on Podoconiosis, a neglected tropical diseases that affects about 4 million people around the world.

Preventing Local Outbreaks from Becoming Global Pandemics: FETP Enhances Capabilities to Track Diseases and Stop Them at the Source

Above, the typical asymmetrical lymphedema (lower limb swelling) seen in podoconiosis. The skin on the affected limbs is thickened with warty and mossy nodules and toes are disfigured. Photo credit: Christine Kihembo. Every day, somewhere in the world, field epidemiologists or “disease detectives” save lives by detecting and controlling disease outbreaks. Most likely these public health professionals are residents or graduates of Field Epidemiology Training Programs (FETPs) supported by CDC.

In many countries, FETP trainees and graduates constitute the core of public health workforce, working at all levels of country’s public health care system. A worldwide movement In 1979, Canada established the first FETP outside of the United States. Putting training into action. One health economics for healthy people, agriculture and environment. Disease Outbreaks: A Constant Threat The World Health Organization called for “heightened vigilance and strengthened surveillance efforts” last week to prevent and detect human transmission of a highly pathogenic strain of avian influenza or ‘bird flu’.

One health economics for healthy people, agriculture and environment

And while no human cases have been reported and WHO itself called the risk “relatively low,” we know the potential devastating impacts of diseases spread from animals to humans. Almost untreatable superbug CPE poses serious threat to patients, doctors warn. World Health Organization hails major progress on tackling tropical diseases. In the past 10 years, record-breaking progress has been made in tackling tropical diseases that affect one in six people globally, according to the World Health Organization.

World Health Organization hails major progress on tackling tropical diseases

Data released by the WHO on Wednesday showed that in 2015 more than 60% of the 1.6 billion people suffering from neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), including sleeping sickness and elephantiasis, received treatment. Theconversation. The use of antibiotics in meat production is a major contributor to one of the biggest threats facing human health in the 21st century: antibiotic resistance.

theconversation

Finding a solution to this requires us to start taking responsibility for our actions. While one person eating meat has an imperceptible effect on antibiotic resistance, multiply that by millions of people around the world and you have a global crisis. One way to tackle this would be to introduce a tax on meat produced with the use of antibiotics, to take account of our moral responsibility for the cost of our actions. And most meat eaters are responsible. Any meat you buy in your local supermarket has probably been reared with the use of antibiotics. Pandemic response a cycle of 'panic and neglect,' says World Bank president. “We are really not ready” for another pandemic outbreak on the scale of the 2014 Ebola crisis, World Bank President Jim Kim has said, adding that international support for the bank’s new pandemic financing facility has collapsed to just two donors.

Speaking yesterday at the opening session of the Skoll World Forum in Oxford, U.K., Kim said that “what happens every time” in the face of pandemics is a cycle of “panic, neglect, panic, neglect.” While the World Bank has established a Pandemic Emergency Financing Facility since the Ebola outbreak, which is backed by insurers and will ensure that funds can be dispersed quickly in response to future outbreaks, the international community has fallen back into a “lull” and remains ill-prepared, he said, describing the situation as “scary.” “The system is not there yet,” said Kim, who is also a co-founder of Partners in Health, and a former director of the HIV/AIDS department at the World Health Organization. WASH 1,000 and Community Led Total Sanitation in Ghana. A primary focus of our work in Ghana is the WASH 1,000 approach, which promotes four key behaviors related to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) activities during the first 1,000 days.

This time period, spanning the mother’s pregnancy to the child’s second birthday, is critical for child growth and development. The four WASH 1,000 behaviors SPRING promotes are: safely disposing of feces,handwashing,using only boiled or treated water for consumption by children aged 6 – 24 months, andensuring children have clean play spaces. When practiced regularly, these actions reduce the likelihood of infection, especially through fecal-oral contamination. One Health. WHO names 12 bacteria that pose the greatest threat to human health. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has published a list of the 12 bacteria which pose the greatest threat to human health because they are resistant to antibiotics.

Health experts have previously warned that resistance to the drugs that are used to fight infections could cause a bigger threat to mankind than cancer. If antibiotics lose their effectiveness, key medical procedures – including organ transplantation, caesarean sections, joint replacements and chemotherapy – could become too dangerous to perform. Mobile. One Health: let’s not have pandemics get in the way. Today the world is celebrating “One Health Day.” Sometimes great ideas appear simple, even intuitive: the One Health concept was created to demonstrate that the health of people and animals are interconnected, and that these are in turn, inextricably bound to the health of the environment on which all life depends. Why is this important? Take Rift Valley Fever (RVF), one of the many infectious diseases that illustrate the importance of the One Health approach.

Tackling drug-resistant infections a priority. This Op-Ed originally appeared in the China Daily, USA. While the last half century has seen major advances in global health, new challenges are now threatening these hard-won health gains. The year of your birth could decide whether you live or die in the next big flu pandemic. The year of your birth could determine whether you live or die in a major flu pandemic, such as the 1918 outbreak that killed an estimated 50 million people worldwide, according to new research. Real Life Zombies: Can Consciousness Be Controlled by Parasites? In the tropical rainforests of South America, Asia and Australia, there thrives a parasitic fungus (Cordyceps) that creates real life zombies.

This astonishing disease prevents the host from controlling its own behaviors - making actionable choices on its behalf and overriding innate survival instincts. We're not talking human zombies - don't expect Word War Z just yet - but rather insect ones. Emerging zoonotic diseases. Seeing the forest for the trees: World's largest reforestation program overlooks wildlife. After years of environmental destruction, China has spent billions of dollars on the world's largest reforestation program, converting a combined area nearly the size of New York and Pennsylvania back to forest. The government-backed effort, known as the Grain-for-Green Program, has transformed 28 million hectares (69.2 million acres) of cropland and barren scrubland back to forest in an effort to prevent erosion and alleviate rural poverty. While researchers around the world have studied the program, little attention has been paid to understanding how the program has affected biodiversity until now.

New research led by Princeton University and published in the journal Nature Communications finds that China's Grain-for-Green Program overwhelmingly plants monoculture forests and therefore falls dramatically short of restoring the biodiversity of China's native forests, which contain many tree species. Eastern gorilla now critically endangered due to illegal hunting. Humanity has moved a step closer to wiping out our closest evolutionary relatives, with four of the six great ape species now listed internationally as critically endangered. Discrimination and the forgotten pygmy tribes of Uganda. Trachoma. The world’s dirty little secret. Leading world experts call on UN to mobilize a comprehensive global action plan to widen access to effective antibiotics. This is only the third time in its history that the UN General Assembly will use its High-Level Heads of State meeting to deliberate on a health issue that threatens the health of populations worldwide. This article will make you want to wash your hands.

Theconversation. Once travelled by famous historical figures such as Marco Polo and Genghis Khan, the Silk Road was a hugely important network of transport routes connecting eastern China with Central Asia, the Middle East and Europe. It came to prominence during the Chinese Han Dynasty (202 BC to AD 220) and remained a key transport route for the following 2,000 years. Given that the Silk Road was a melting pot of people, it is no wonder that researchers have suggested that it might have been responsible for the spread of diseases such as bubonic plague, anthrax and leprosy between China and Europe.

However, no one one has yet found any evidence to show how diseases in eastern China reached Europe. Travellers might have spread these diseases taking a southerly route via India and the Middle East, or a northerly route via Mongolia and Russia. Testing times for antimicrobial resistance - insight. World Bank Group Launches Groundbreaking Financing Facility to Protect Poorest Countries against Pandemics. Theconversation. The grim prospect (Economist briefing on antibiotic resistance - 21 May 2016) No single answer to #AntimicrobialResistance - we need global action on ten fronts. 10 reasons YOU should be worried about antibiotic resistance. We need more than just new antibiotics to fight superbugs.

Social Inequalities and Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Farmer states ‘we live in a world where infections pass easily across borders – social and geographic – while resources, including cumulative scientific knowledge, are blocked at customs.’ – mcquillan_ruth

Video: Sue Welburn - one world, one health - from rhetoric towards reality.