background preloader

Cognitive Bias

Facebook Twitter

How Technology Hijacks People’s Minds — from a Magician and Google’s Design Ethicist — The Startup. Exercises. Performance enhancement at the cost of potential brain plasticity: neural ramifications of nootropic drugs in the healthy developing brain. 1Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA2Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA Cognitive enhancement is perhaps one of the most intriguing and controversial topics in neuroscience today.

Performance enhancement at the cost of potential brain plasticity: neural ramifications of nootropic drugs in the healthy developing brain

Currently, the main classes of drugs used as potential cognitive enhancers include psychostimulants (methylphenidate (MPH), amphetamine), but wakefulness-promoting agents (modafinil) and glutamate activators (ampakine) are also frequently used. Pharmacologically, substances that enhance the components of the memory/learning circuits—dopamine, glutamate (neuronal excitation), and/or norepinephrine—stand to improve brain function in healthy individuals beyond their baseline functioning.

In particular, non-medical use of prescription stimulants such as MPH and illicit use of psychostimulants for cognitive enhancement have seen a recent rise among teens and young adults in schools and college campuses. Synchronized arousal between performers and related spectators in a fire-walking ritual. Welcome to Less Wrong. The 12 cognitive biases that prevent you from being rational.

Adam Green: The Spectacular Thefts of Apollo Robbins, Pickpocket. A few years ago, at a Las Vegas convention for magicians, Penn Jillette, of the act Penn and Teller, was introduced to a soft-spoken young man named Apollo Robbins, who has a reputation as a pickpocket of almost supernatural ability.

Adam Green: The Spectacular Thefts of Apollo Robbins, Pickpocket

Jillette, who ranks pickpockets, he says, “a few notches below hypnotists on the show-biz totem pole,” was holding court at a table of colleagues, and he asked Robbins for a demonstration, ready to be unimpressed. What Lying Actually Does to Your Brain and Body Every Day. Here here! Pathological truth teller here. Its made worse by my attempts at being modest. :/ Oh well. At least I can sleep at night. Mikagekun, you have to decide what you actually desire. If you want to lie, telling the truth will only be a staged performance. 10 Practical Uses For Psychological Research in Everyday Life.

People love to give each other advice.

10 Practical Uses For Psychological Research in Everyday Life

The web is full to bursting with all types of pseudo-psychological advice about life. The problem is, how much of this is based on real scientific evidence? Well, here on PsyBlog we’ve got the scientific evidence. How to Avoid the Natural Reactions that Prevent Good Decision Making. 5 Logical Fallacies That Make You Wrong More Than You Think. The Ten Most Revealing Psych Experiments. Psychology is the study of the human mind and mental processes in relation to human behaviors - human nature.

The Ten Most Revealing Psych Experiments

Due to its subject matter, psychology is not considered a 'hard' science, even though psychologists do experiment and publish their findings in respected journals. Your Evolved Intuitions. 15 Styles of Distorted Thinking. 5 Logical Fallacies That Make You Wrong More Than You Think. The Internet has introduced a golden age of ill-informed arguments.

5 Logical Fallacies That Make You Wrong More Than You Think

Heuristics: Cognitive Rules of Thumb. Top 10 Thinking Traps Exposed — How to Foolproof Your Mind, Part II. Top 10 Thinking Traps Exposed. 10 More Common Faults in Human Thought. Humans This list is a follow up to Top 10 Common Faults in Human Thought.

10 More Common Faults in Human Thought

Thanks for everyone’s comments and feedback; you have inspired this second list! It is amazing that with all these biases, people are able to actually have a rational thought every now and then. There is no end to the mistakes we make when we process information, so here are 10 more common errors to be aware of. The confirmation bias is the tendency to look for or interpret information in a way that confirms beliefs.

Low-Effort Thought Promotes Political Conservatism. The authors test the hypothesis that low-effort thought promotes political conservatism. In Study 1, alcohol intoxication was measured among bar patrons; as blood alcohol level increased, so did political conservatism (controlling for sex, education, and political identification). In Study 2, participants under cognitive load reported more conservative attitudes than their no-load counterparts. In Study 3, time pressure increased participants’ endorsement of conservative terms.

In Study 4, participants considering political terms in a cursory manner endorsed conservative terms more than those asked to cogitate; an indicator of effortful thought (recognition memory) partially mediated the relationship between processing effort and conservatism. Top 10 Common Faults In Human Thought. Humans The human mind is a wonderful thing.

Top 10 Common Faults In Human Thought

Cognition, the act or process of thinking, enables us to process vast amounts of information quickly. 47 Mind-Blowing Psychological Facts You Should Know About Yourself. I’ve decided to start a series called 100 Things You Should Know about People.

47 Mind-Blowing Psychological Facts You Should Know About Yourself

As in: 100 things you should know if you are going to design an effective and persuasive website, web application or software application. Or maybe just 100 things that everyone should know about humans! The order that I’ll present these 100 things is going to be pretty random. So the fact that this first one is first doesn’t mean that’s it’s the most important.. just that it came to mind first. Dr. 16 Things I Wish They Had Taught Me in School. I am 28 now.

16 Things I Wish They Had Taught Me in School

I don’t think about the past or regret things much these days.