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Definition: Cognitive theory is a learning theory of psychology that attempts to explain human behavior by understanding the thought processes. The assumption is that humans are logical beings that make the choices that make the most sense to them. Information processing is a commonly used description of the mental process, comparing the human mind to a computer.
Question: What Is Behaviorism? Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select -- doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors. --John Watson, Behaviorism , 1930 Answer: The term behaviorism refers to the school of psychology founded by John B. Watson based on the belief that behaviors can be measured, trained, and changed.
The Pygmalion Effect and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy (The Secret) - Refer to situations where once an expectation is set, even if it is not true, some of us will act in ways that are consistent with that expectation. The expectation then becomes true. We act out who we think we are and not who we truly are. An example might be a student with low confidence or low self-esteem constantly telling them self that ‘I am useless’, ‘I am unintelligent’ or ‘I am a failure’. The outcome will mirror the false beliefs or false expectations. He or she will never achieve anything especially getting good grades at school.
Edit Edited by Tomasi0202, Lois Wade, Maluniu, Kals and 14 others Sunflowers have many uses such as for producing bio-diesel and cooking oil.
by Saul McLeod published 2007 By the 1920s John B. Watson had left academic psychology and other behaviorists were becoming influential, proposing new forms of learning other than classical conditioning .
To love oneself is the beginning of a life-long romance - Oscar Wilde The humanistic theory of personality is by far the most unscientific - or I should say untestable - of the five basic theories. It is usually referred to as "free to be you and me, hug a tree crap", or more realistically, "pop psychology". It thrives on the idea that every human being has the potential to be a good, contibuting, lovable member of society if their "pyramid of needs" is filled.
Explanations > Theories > Self-Fulfilling Prophecy Description | Research | Example | So What? | See also | References Description If a person thinks we are clever or stupid or whatever, they will treat us that way.
A plant is a living thing. A plant needs light, warmth, water and nutrients to grow well. Roots take up water and nutrients from the soil. They also keep the plant steady and upright in the soil. The stem carries water and nutrients to different parts of the plant. The leaves make food by using light from the sun, along with carbon dioxide from the air and water.
by Saul McLeod published 2007 , updated 2012 Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was a humanistic psychologist agreed with most of what Maslow believed, but added that for a person to "grow", they need an environment that provides them with genuineness (openness and self-disclosure), acceptance (being seen with unconditional positive regard), and empathy (being listened to and understood). Without these, relationships and healthy personalities will not develop as they should, much like a tree will not grow without sunlight and water. Rogers believed that every person can achieve their goals, wishes and desires in life. When, or rather if they did so,