Course 1, Chapter 4 - Theories of and Approaches to Learning. The Unified Learning Model. This cutting-edge synthesis of ideas and concepts from the cognitive, motivation, and neurobiological sciences sets out a unique theory of learning that should be of interest to everyone from education practitioners to neuroscientists.
The authors base their Unified Learning Model, or ULM, on three core principles. Firstly, that learning requires working memory allocation (attention). Second, that working memory's capacity for allocation is affected by prior knowledge. And finally, that working memory allocation is directed by motivation. Cognitive Theory - Definition of Cognitive Theory. What Is Behaviorism? Question: What Is Behaviorism?
Behaviorism can perhaps be best summed up by the following quote from the famous psychologist John B. Watson: "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select -- doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors.
" --John Watson, Behaviorism, 1930 What exactly did Watson mean? The Pygmalion Effect. The Pygmalion Effect and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy (The Secret) - Refer to situations where once an expectation is set, even if it is not true, some of us will act in ways that are consistent with that expectation.
The expectation then becomes true. We act out who we think we are and not who we truly are. An example might be a student with low confidence or low self-esteem constantly telling them self that ‘I am useless’, ‘I am unintelligent’ or ‘I am a failure’. The outcome will mirror the false beliefs or false expectations. He or she will never achieve anything especially getting good grades at school. How to Grow a Sunflower in a Pot: 14 steps (with pictures) Edit Article Edited by Tomasi0202, Lois Wade, Maluniu, Kals and 20 others Sunflowers have many uses such as for producing bio-diesel and cooking oil.
Www.simplypsychology.org/operant-conditioning.html. By the 1920s John B.
Watson had left academic psychology and other behaviorists were becoming influential, proposing new forms of learning other than classical conditioning. Perhaps the most important of these was Burrhus Frederic Skinner. Although, for obvious reasons he is more commonly known as B.F. CBeebies - Mr Bloom's Nursery Planting Seeds. Humanistic Theory. To love oneself is the beginning of a life-long romance - Oscar Wilde The humanistic theory of personality is by far the most unscientific - or I should say untestable - of the five basic theories.
It is usually referred to as "free to be you and me, hug a tree crap", or more realistically, "pop psychology". Science Lesson Plans / RHS Campaign for School Gardening. Self-Fulfilling Prophecy. Explanations > Theories > Self-Fulfilling Prophecy Description | Research | Example | So What?
| See also | References Description If a person thinks we are clever or stupid or whatever, they will treat us that way. Plants - Interactive Science Games and Activities. Www.simplypsychology.org/carl-rogers.html. Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was a humanistic psychologist who agreed with the main assumptions of Abraham Maslow, but added that for a person to "grow", they need an environment that provides them with genuineness (openness and self-disclosure), acceptance (being seen with unconditional positive regard), and empathy (being listened to and understood).
Without these, relationships and healthy personalities will not develop as they should, much like a tree will not grow without sunlight and water. Rogers believed that every person can achieve their goals, wishes and desires in life. When, or rather if they did so, self actualization took place.