background preloader

Literature

Facebook Twitter

To speak another language isn't just cultured, it's a blow against stupidity | Michael Hofmann. In 2004, the Labour government removed modern languages from the "core curriculum". That must be "core" as in "apple core". For it meant the study of a foreign language is no longer compulsory at schools past age 14. Theoretically, primary schools are supposed to introduce languages instead, but that's like the road sign with the big black arrow pointing one way and the skinny little red arrow going the other. A classic "mixed message", with a brute practical impact and a feeble sign of wouldn't-it-be-nice idealism-on-the-cheap.

So what happened? Schools and schoolchildren ditch languages like there's no tomorrow. Auf Wiedersehen, Dept, as the witticism goes. It turns out that these "redundant" languages can be jolly useful after all; only now it's much easier to find foreign nationals with English than Brits with another language. It looks like an education problem, but it's not an education problem. There is this strange cluelessness of the English. . … we have a small favour to ask. George Orwell Explains How "Newspeak" Works, the Official Language of His Totalitarian Dystopia in 1984.

As we noted yesterday, and you likely noticed elsewhere, George Orwell’s classic dystopian novel 1984 shot to the top of the charts—or the Amazon bestseller list—in the wake of “alternative facts,” the latest Orwellian coinage for bald-faced lying. The ridiculous phrase immediately produced a barrage of parodies, hashtags, and memes; healthy ways of venting rage and disbelief. But maybe there is a danger there too, letting such words sink into the discourse, lest they become what Orwell called "Newspeak. " It’s easy to hear “Newspeak,” the “official language of Oceania,” as “news speak.” This is perfectly reasonable, but it gives us the impression that it relates strictly to its appearance in mass media.

In other words, Newspeak isn’t just a set of buzzwords, but the deliberate replacement of one set of words in the language for another. The C class of words may be the most insidious of all. Orwell then goes on to discuss the difficulty of translating the work of the past into Newspeak. Ian McKellen Reads a Passionate Speech by William Shakespeare, Written in Defense of Immigrants. The identity of William Shakespeare has been a literary mystery for four hundred years, inspiring theory after theory, book after book. There has been, indeed, little biographical evidence to work with, though paleographer and “literary detective” Heather Wolfe has very recently filled in some critical gaps. It was long thought that Shakespeare’s will, in which he bequeaths to his wife his “second best bed,” was the only document in his hand, aside from a few signatures here and there.

Since around the turn of the 20th century, however, scholars have come to agree that three pages of a manuscript in an Elizabethan play called Sir Thomas More contain Shakespeare’s handwriting. The play, writes the British Library—who house the physical pages and have digital scans at their site—tells the story of “the Tudor lawyer and polymath who was sentenced to death for refusing to recognise Henry VIII as Supreme Head of the Church in England.” via Quartz Related Content: Teachingliterature / Chapter 1  Why Teach Literature. Literary Periods Timeline. Literature Periods & Movements. Literary History. 45 Great Sourced Quotes about Books | Interesting Literature.

The best quotes about books, from some of the most famous writers in the world Here is a list of our favourite quotes about books from various writers, some famous, some not so famous. We’ve only included those quotations for which we’ve managed to track down a source, whether in print or online, so you know these are authentic quotes about books, rather than of the amusing-but-apocryphal kind. When I was a child I read books far too old for me and sometimes far too young for me. Every reading child is different. Introduce them to the love of reading, show them the way to the library and let them get on with it. – Terry Pratchett, No to Age Banding Campaign Give me books, French wine, fruit, fine weather and a little music played out of doors by somebody I do not know. – John Keats, letter of August 28, 1819 to his sister Fanny Keats If you want to read a perfect book there is only one way: write it. – Ambrose Bierce, A Cynic Looks at Life There is more than one way to burn a book.

Related. Shakespeare. Literature Map - The Tourist Map of Literature. Exploring English: Shakespeare - British Council. Shakespeare Library Digital Image Collection. The British Library's Photostream. Scientific Speed Reading: How to Read 300% Faster in 20 Minutes. (Photo: Dustin Diaz) How much more could you get done if you completed all of your required reading in 1/3 or 1/5 the time? Increasing reading speed is a process of controlling fine motor movement—period. This post is a condensed overview of principles I taught to undergraduates at Princeton University in 1998 at a seminar called the “PX Project”.

The below was written several years ago, so it’s worded like Ivy-Leaguer pompous-ass prose, but the results are substantial. I have never seen the method fail. The PX Project The PX Project, a single 3-hour cognitive experiment, produced an average increase in reading speed of 386%. It was tested with speakers of five languages, and even dyslexics were conditioned to read technical material at more than 3,000 words-per-minute (wpm), or 10 pages per minute. If you understand several basic principles of the human visual system, you can eliminate inefficiencies and increase speed while improving retention. The Protocol First – Determining Baseline. Reader's Advisory. MacBeth. Overlooked classics: The Member Of The Wedding by Carson McCullers. Carson McCullers only wrote four novels, but that's hardly surprisingly; outside writing, she had a fair bit to contend with.

She contracted rheumatic fever at 15 and then suffered two severe strokes before reaching 30, which left her paralysed in her left arm. In her 40s, she had operations on her arm and wrist, underwent a mastectomy and broke her hip; in 1967, at the age of 50, she died. Her love life was no less turbulent. She married Reeves McCullers in 1937, divorced him in 1941, then remarried him four years later, after he was severely injured in the battle of Normandy. In 1953, he tried to persuade her to join him in a suicide pact; when she refused, he killed himself anyway. During McCullers' separation from Reeves, she took refuge in a communal house in Brooklyn that was almost too literary to be true. It's an innocent, twinkling kind of backstory to accompany what could, from a distance, seem like an innocent, twinkling kind of book.

Teaching Literature. 2nd Edition Information In November, 2010, a new, extensively-revised 2nd edition of Teaching Literature to Adolescents was published by Routledge Press: click below for further information and ordering information. Teaching Literature to Adolescents This new edition contains: more attention to the use of digital texts from use of online literature to digital storytelling to uses of online discussion and writing tools incorporated throughout new chapter on teaching young adult literature new chapter on teaching reading strategies essential to interpreting literature more references to examples of teaching multicultural literature.

The new edition also has a new wiki website with all new links, activities, and resources that also includes links from this original site. teachingliterature.pbworks.com The new 2nd edition includes specific references to topics contained in the new site. 96 Incredibly Useful Links for Teaching and Studying Shakespeare. The idea of tackling Shakespeare in school has sometimes sent chills down both students’ and teachers’ spines, but the truth is that studying Shakespeare doesn’t have to be so daunting. His plays and sonnets are filled with themes that are relevant even today, are humorous, lyrical, and provide important historical content. Most importantly, Shakespeare knew how to tell a good story. Whether you are teaching or learning Shakespeare in a traditional classroom, in an online course, in high school, or college, there are resources below that will make teaching and learning about Shakespeare and fun and engaging experience.

Comprehensive Resources These resources offer a wealth of information about Shakespeare and his works. Shakespeare Online. Reading Shakespeare Use these links to find full online texts, modern translations, searchable text, and more. No Fear Shakespeare. Articles Types of Female Characters in Shakespeare. Quizzes Find out how much you know about Shakespeare with these quizzes. How Shakespeare’s great escape from the plague changed theatre. In late July 1606, in the midst of a theatrical season that included what may well be the finest group of new plays ever staged – Shakespeare’s King Lear and Macbeth, Ben Jonson’s Volpone, and Thomas Middleton’s The Revenger’s Tragedy – Shakespeare’s company, the King’s Men, lowered their flag at the Globe theatre and locked their playhouse doors.

Plague had returned. Two years earlier, after an outbreak in which more than 30,000 Londoners had died, the privy council decreed that public playing should cease once the number of those who died every week of plague rose “above the number of 30”. In practice, though, there seems to have been some leeway, with players intent on earning a living occasionally bending the rules, resuming performances when plague deaths dipped under 40 or so. Privy council records for this era were lost in a fire in 1618, so we will never know exactly what number triggered any specific closure. John Flint, a Cambridge-educated vicar, kept the parish register.

Renaissance Literature - Literature Periods & Movements. Literature Network » Literary Periods » Renaissance Literature The Renaissance in Europe was in one sense an awakening from the long slumber of the Dark Ages. What had been a stagnant, even backsliding kind of society re-invested in the promise of material and spiritual gain.

There was the sincerely held belief that humanity was making progress towards a noble summit of perfect existence. How this rebirth – for Renaissance literally means rebirth – came to fruition is a matter of debate among historians. What cannot be debated is that humanity took an astounding leap forward after hundreds of years of drift. The fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries in Europe witnessed a deliberate break with feudal modes of living. Several threads can be said to tie the entire European Renaissance together across the three centuries which it spanned. The single greatest innovation of the Renaissance era was the printing press, put into service around 1440 by Johannes Gutenberg. Literature-Map - The tourist map of literature. Mrs. Dalloway / Virginia Woolf. Mrs. Dalloway said she would buy the flowers herself. For Lucy had her work cut out for her. The doors would be taken off their hinges; Rumpelmayer’s men were coming. And then, thought Clarissa Dalloway, what a morning — fresh as if issued to children on a beach.

What a lark! She stiffened a little on the kerb, waiting for Durtnall’s van to pass. For having lived in Westminster — how many years now? For it was the middle of June. “Good-morning to you, Clarissa!” “I love walking in London,” said Mrs. They had just come up — unfortunately — to see doctors. She could remember scene after scene at Bourton — Peter furious; Hugh not, of course, his match in any way, but still not a positive imbecile as Peter made out; not a mere barber’s block. (June had drawn out every leaf on the trees. For they might be parted for hundreds of years, she and Peter; she never wrote a letter and his were dry sticks; but suddenly it would come over her, If he were with me now what would he say?

Edgar J. "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" by T.S. Eliot. Film Education | Resources. Reading Focus Skills. Spies by Michael Frayn. What is a plot? For the reader, it is the discovery of concealed connections between events in a narrative. Michael Frayn's Spies is a novel with a carefully engineered plot, and a story whose two main characters are determined to uncover the sinister logic of apparently ordinary events. They are themselves looking for a plot. During the second world war, Stephen and his friend Keith live in a suburban cul-de-sac on the edge of the countryside. "There's something clearly wrong about her, if you really look at her and listen to her as we now are. " Some of the data that the sexually innocent Stephen records does seem to hold clues about adult sexuality. Spies is divided into 11 numbered sections and the first and last of these are like a prologue and an epilogue.

The narrator knows what has really happened, and our sense of a plot relies on his holding back from explanation. John Mullan is professor of English at University College London. The Project Gutenberg E-text of Major Barbara, by George Bernard Shaw. Mrs Warren's Profession, by George Bernard Shaw. Faustus. The Gospel of Wealth. "Savage Wealth",[2] more commonly known as "The Gospel of Wealth",[3] is an article written by Andrew Carnegie in 1889[4] that describes the responsibility of philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich. Carnegie proposed that the best way of dealing with the new phenomenon of wealth inequality was for the wealthy to redistribute their surplus means in a responsible and thoughtful manner. This approach was contrasted with traditional bequest (patrimony), where wealth is handed down to heirs, and other forms of bequest e.g. where wealth is willed to the state for public purposes. Carnegie argued that surplus wealth is put to best use (i.e. produces the greatest net benefit to society) when it is administered carefully by the wealthy.

Give to give anew[edit] Carnegie based his philosophy on the observation that the heirs of large fortunes frequently squandered them in riotous living rather than nurturing and growing them. Assertions[edit] Carnegie Libraries[edit] See also[edit] Andrew Carnegie. Andrew Carnegie (/kɑrˈneɪɡi/ kar-NAY-gee, but commonly /ˈkɑrnɨɡi/ KAR-nə-gee or /kɑrˈnɛɡi/ kar-NEG-ee;[2] November 25, 1835 – August 11, 1919) was a Scottish American industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century.

He was also one of the highest profile philanthropists of his era and had given away almost 90 percent – amounting to, in 1919, $350 million[3] (in 2014, $4.76 billion) – of his fortune to charities and foundations by the time of his death. His 1889 article proclaiming "The Gospel of Wealth" called on the rich to use their wealth to improve society, and stimulated a wave of philanthropy.

Carnegie was born in Dunfermline, Scotland, and emigrated to the United States with his very poor parents in 1848. Carnegie started as a telegrapher and by the 1860s had investments in railroads, railroad sleeping cars, bridges and oil derricks. Biography Early life Railroads Carnegie age 16, with brother Thomas 1860–1865: The Civil War. Major Barbara (1941) -【ENG SUB】Wendy Hiller, Rex Harrison. Major%20Barbara.

Fabian Society. Originally, the Fabian society was committed to the establishment of a socialist economy, alongside a commitment to British imperialism as a progressive and modernizing force.[3] Organisational history[edit] Establishment[edit] Blue plaque at 17 Osnaburgh St, where the Society was founded in 1884. Fabian Society was named after "Fabius the Delayer" at the suggestion of Frank Podmore, above. Tortoise is the symbol of Fabian Society, representing its goal of gradual expansion of socialism.[1] The Fabian Society, which favoured gradual change rather than revolutionary change, was named – at the suggestion of Frank Podmore – in honour of the Roman general Fabius Maximus (nicknamed "Cunctator", meaning "the Delayer").

His Fabian strategy advocated tactics of harassment and attrition rather than head-on battles against the Carthaginian army under the renowned general Hannibal. An explanatory note appearing on the title page of the group's first pamphlet declared: Organizational growth[edit] In Memory of W. B. Yeats. British History. King Lear: Entire Play. Dover Beach by Matthew Arnold. Tennyson, In Memoriam (secs. 54-56) Open Source Shakespeare: search Shakespeare's works, read the texts.

Teaching Literature (OIB) Literatuurwetenschap. TS Eliot's The Waste Land describes a sickness, without a prescription | Roz Kaveney. Poem of the week: In the Trenches. Poem of the week: Returning, We Hear Larks by Isaac Rosenberg. Eliot, T. S. 1922. The Waste Land. The Scholar-Gipsy by Matthew Arnold. Matthew Arnold: Poems Study Guide : Summary and Analysis of "The Scholar-Gipsy" (1853) James Thomson. ‘The City of Dreadful Night’ Proem–IV. The Project Gutenberg eBook of Bleak House, by Charles Dickens.

Social concerns North & South vs London

Portrait_of_Keats,_listening_to_a_nightingale_on_Hampstead_Heath. Andrews. Portrait-of-heneage-lloyd-and-his-sister-lucy. Poem of the week: The Deserted Village by Oliver Goldsmith. The Village (poem by Crabbe) -- Encyclopedia Britannica. Poem of the week: Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard by Thomas Gray. Oliver Goldsmith The Deserted Village vs. George C. But028. Town Eclogues: Saturday; The Small-Pox by Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. University of Virginia, English Department » Blog Archive » Satire and Misogyny in Swift’s “The Lady’s Dressing Room” Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and the Women’s Coffee-House | Millicent and Carla Fran. The Reasons That Induced Dr Swift To Write A Poem Call'd The Lady's Dressing Room, a poem by Mary Wortley Montagu.

A Modest Proposal: Analysis. The Lady’s Dressing Room by Jonathan Swift. Pope's Poems and Prose Study Guide : Summary and Analysis of An Essay on Man: Epistle IV. The Garden: Andrew Marvell - Summary and Critical Analysis. Andrew Marvell: Poems Study Guide : Summary and Analysis of "The Mower Against Gardens" Lycidas: John Milton - Summary and Critical Analysis. A Midsummer Night's Dream. A Midsummer Night’s Dream: Themes, Symbols, & Motifs.