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Problems with the ‘zone of proximal development’ Wertsch (1984) suggested that if this theoretical construct was not elaborated further, then there was a risk that “it will be used loosely and indiscriminately, thereby becoming so amorphous that it loses all explanatory power” (p. 7).

Problems with the ‘zone of proximal development’

Mercer and Fisher (1992) believe that “there is a danger that the term is used as little more than a fashionable alternative to Piagetian terminology or the concept of IQ for describing individual differences in attainment or potential” (p. 342). Palinscar (1998) suggests that in the context of research about the negotiated nature of teaching and learning it is “probably one of the most used and least understood constructs to appear in contemporary educational literature” (p. 370).

(Chaiklin p. 2) Clearly, there’s a common sense aspect appeal. In order to understand the problems with the way ZPD is applied in educational contexts we need to critique each of the three assumptions in turn. The generality assumption The assistance assumption. Marking in Perspective: Selective, Formative, Effective, Reflective. Marking in Perspective: Selective, Formative, Effective, Reflective Context and Motivation I’m feeling relieved, smug and virtuous because I’ve just marked some books.

Marking in Perspective: Selective, Formative, Effective, Reflective

12 Pointers Towards Great Teaching Assessment and Learning. Twelve is a good a number as any for directing people towards better teaching, assessment and learning.

12 Pointers Towards Great Teaching Assessment and Learning

It certainly won’t cover everything and there are probably things you will disagree with. I don’t have any monopoly on what might improve teaching, assessment and learning. Rather these are the distillation of a number of presentations I have made of late and we are in the process of implementing across the Trust. The quotes below in blue tend to be tag lines I use when presenting which are linked to particular slides and help me connect various parts together.

“You Can’t Teach Everything So Teach the Best that Has Been Thought or Said or Done” Modul 2.4 Begreppskarta. The science of learning: five classic studies. A few classic studies help to define the way we think about the science of learning.

The science of learning: five classic studies

A classic study isn’t classic just because it uncovered a new fact, but because it neatly demonstrates a profound truth about how we learn – often at the same time showing up our unjustified assumptions about how our minds work. A classic study defines where research will go next – whether to confirm, disprove or qualify the original finding – and helps us to reorganise our learning to be more effective. I’m a psychologist, so you won’t be surprised that my choice of classic studies concern the mental processes rather than the social processes involved in learning. Resources%5CFiveDirectInstruct. 3 Practices to Promote Equity in the Classroom. I recently observed a classroom where students were presenting history projects to rows of silent and obedient classmates.

3 Practices to Promote Equity in the Classroom

Though the projects were diligently constructed, I couldn't focus on their content because I was distracted by two facts: only the teacher was asking questions, and he kept calling exclusively on girls to present. Ten minutes later, I walked into a completely different classroom where students rotated through the room presenting group projects to each other. The teacher instructed his class to "work to understand" the content through discussion, and every voice filled the room. These two experiences resurfaced a long-held question: What makes for an equitable classroom? While this topic deserves a whole book, here are three simple practices that you can try on to increase the range and frequency of student voices in your classroom. Practice 1: Use Equity Sticks. Glogin?URI= Improving peer feedback with Public Critique. So, how much of the feedback students get do you think comes from their peers?

Improving peer feedback with Public Critique

I’m not talking about feedback on their choice of trainers or on their ability to wear a hoodie with dash and élan, I’m talking about classroom feedback on their learning. So, go on; how much? Most teachers when asked to guess hazard something along the lines of 10-20%. In fact, according to research undertaken by Graham Nuthall*, the actual figure is more like 80%. And of that, 80% is, apparently, wrong. Didaktorn: Språklärare utan språk. 10 creative alternatives to research reports and papers. Research reports and papers have been around a long time.

10 creative alternatives to research reports and papers

They haven’t evolved much. Here are 10 ways to make them more relevant. (Flickr / Nic McPhee) In high school and college, I suffered through quite a few research reports and papers. I gathered data, cited sources, followed MLA style and double spaced. Scaffolding. Lindsay Lipscomb, Janet Swanson, and Anne West The University of Georgia Review of Scaffolding Scenario Figure 1.


Barn and Silos Third grade students in Mrs. Figure 2. As a culminating activity for this study on types of communities, the students are going to prepare some type of individually selected project demonstrating their knowledge of urban, suburban and rural communities. Turn talk overview. Cult of Pedagogy. Making Every Lesson Count: Six principles to support great teaching and learning: Shaun Allison, Andy Tharby: Books. Trade in your item Get a £8.83Gift Card.

Making Every Lesson Count: Six principles to support great teaching and learning: Shaun Allison, Andy Tharby: Books

Flip to back Flip to front Listen Playing... Paused You're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition. Learn more See all 2 images. 10READERizers.pdf. Plot Worksheets. SD_Lektionstips_insandare.pdf. Om verklighetsbaserat lärande. Verklighetsbaserat lärande är vår pedagogik som står till grund för vår skola.

Om verklighetsbaserat lärande

20 Ways To Get A Noisy Classroom's Attention. 20 Ways To Get A Noisy Classroom’s Attention by Terry Heick Okay, so this isn’t about rethinking teaching and learning in a connected world, but that doesn’t change the fact that for many of you, simply beginning class can be the most challenging thing you do all day. It’s not easy. Educational Leadership:Students Who Challenge Us:The Many Uses of Exit Slips.

Robert J. Marzano Exit slips are one of the easiest ways to obtain information about students' current levels of understanding. Effective lessons commonly end with an activity in which students reflect on their experience of the lesson.1 Over the last few years, exit slips have become a popular vehicle to this end. In its simplest form, an exit slip is an index card or piece of paper on which individual students respond to a prompt from the teacher. What Makes a Question Essential? Second, look at these additional examples, organized by subject area, to spark your thinking and clarify the qualities of essential questions, or EQs. Essential Questions in History and Social Studies • Whose "story" is this? • How can we know what really happened in the past? Parlör för pedagogproffs – vilka ord ska man använda och vilka ska undvikas?

Dags att ta nya tag och komma igång med undervisning, rutiner, kollegialt samarbete och lärande. 5 techniques for questioning in your classroom. Published on December 15th, 2013 | by Mark Anderson I’m a big fan of Twitter – short messages, getting your point across succinctly… with that in mind, I’m going to keep this post short and sweet. Just five tried and tested techniques to assist with questioning in your classroom. One of the features of an outstanding classroom is one where students are challenged, stretched and not allowed to rest on their laurels. One way we can do that is through decent questioning and here are 5 elements that you might like to have in your teaching tool kit. Frågebatteri.

Listening. Practicing Effective Questioning There are many ways to ask a question and some ways are better than others. Many, Many Examples Of Essential Questions. Many, Many Examples Of Essential Questions by Terry Heick Essential questions are, ask Grant Wiggins defines, “‘essential’ in the sense of signaling genuine, important and necessarily-ongoing inquiries.”

These are grapple-worthy, substantive questions that not only require wrestling with, but are worth wrestling with–that could lead students to some critical insight in a 40/40/40-rule sense of the term. I collected the following set of questions through the course of creating units of study, most of them from the Greece Central School District in New York. En lektion om konsten att bygga en historia - Två pedagoger - ett klassrum. Diskussionsunderlag-bild. Studiedagen-del-2.pdf. TeachThought. To Teach Effective Writing, Model Effective Writing. 8 Practical Strategies to Ge to Know Your Students. Reading Strategies for Social Studies. Student Response Cards - The Teacher Toolkit. Stop and Jot - The Teacher Toolkit.

Popsicle Sticks - The Teacher Toolkit. One Minute Sentence - The Teacher Toolkit. Jigsaw - The Teacher Toolkit. Guided Notes - The Teacher Toolkit. AH_maps.pdf. Exit Ticket - The Teacher Toolkit. Entry Ticket - The Teacher Toolkit. Card Sort - The Teacher Toolkit. Classroom Contract - The Teacher Toolkit. Attention Signal - The Teacher Toolkit. 3-2-1 - The Teacher Toolkit. Printed from This strategy provides a structure for students to record their own comprehension and summarize their learning. It also gives teachers the opportunity to identify areas that need re-teaching, as well as areas of student interest. 3-2-1 - The Teacher Toolkit. Turn and Talk - The Teacher Toolkit. Lgr11-poesi för att tydliggöra mål, förväntningar och att bli ägare av sin egen inlärning. Har du haft kylskåpspoesi vet du vad jag menar med Lgr11-poesi.

Ni vet färdiga magneter med små ord på som man flyttar runt på kylskåpet så bildar det små dikter eller meningar. Min tanke med nedanstående ”poesi” är för att slippa sudda tavlan varje gång utan ge eleverna samma ord – varje gång du arbetar med samma förmåga. Psykologilexikon - lexikon - ordbok i psykologi - hitta förklaringen till ordet här. Top 10 Tech Tips For Teachers. A Must Have Questioning Toolkit for Teachers and Educators.

Questioning Toolkit. Essential Questions. 50 Ways To Challenge Yourself As A Teacher. Studiedagen-del-2. DBQ Design Assignment. Story Map. Förstelärare i Svedala. Utveckling. The #5MinBehaviourPlan by @LeadingLearner and. Mikrolektioner ger effekt i Umeå.

Flippfilm inför min föreläsning. A 4-Step Guide To Effective Lesson Planning. CL-1: Field-tested Learning Assessment Guide (FLAG): CATs: Concept Mapping. 5 Course Evaluation Templates To Help Your Students Grade You For A Change. SETT 2014 Patricia Diaz. Six Scaffolding Strategies to Use with Your Students. 7 proven strategies that WILL help you engage your students. Becoming Invisible In My Classroom. A Great Poster on The 6 Questions Critical Thinker Asks. World Café Method.