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Seth ( Hebrew : שֵׁתֿ , Standard Šet , Tiberian Šēṯ ; Arabic : شيث Shith or Shiyth; "Placed; appointed"), in Judaism , Christianity and Islam , was the third son of Adam and Eve and brother of Cain and Abel , who were the only other of their children mentioned by name. According to Genesis 4:25 , Seth was born after the slaying of Abel by Cain, and Eve believed God had appointed him as a replacement for Abel. [ edit ] In the Pentateuch According to Genesis, Seth was born when Adam was 130 years old [ 1 ] "a son in his likeness and image." [ 1 ] The genealogy is repeated at 1 Chronicles 1:1-3 .
An angel (from the Greek ἄγγελος - ángelos [ 1 ] ) is a supernatural being or spirit , usually humanoid in form, found in various religions and mythologies . The theological study of angels is known as "angelology". In Zoroastrianism and Abrahamic religions they are often depicted as benevolent celestial beings who act as intermediaries between Heaven and Earth , or as guardian spirits or a guiding influence. [ 2 ] The term "angel" has also been expanded to various notions of spirits found in many other religious traditions. Other roles of angels include protecting and guiding human beings, and carrying out God's tasks. [ 3 ]
An archangel ( pron.: / ˌ ɑr k ˈ eɪ n dʒ əl / ) is an angel of high rank . Beings similar to archangels are found in a number of religious traditions; but the word "archangel" itself is usually associated with the Abrahamic religions of Judaism , Christianity , and Islam . Michael and Gabriel are recognized as archangels in Judaism , Islam , and by most Christians . The Book of Tobit —recognized in the Catholic and Orthodox Bibles , but considered apocryphal by Protestants—mentions Raphael , who is also considered to be an archangel. The archangels Michael, Gabriel and Raphael are venerated in the Roman Catholic Church with a feast on September 29 (between 1921 and 1969 March 24 for Gabriel and 24 October for Raphael) and in Orthodox on November 21. The named archangels in Islam are Gabriel , Michael , Israfil and Azrael .
This article is about a type of supernatural being or angel described in the Bible . For the winged babies that appear in artwork, sometimes called cherubs , see Putto . For the CHERUB Young Adult Book Series by Robert Muchamore see CHERUB . A cherub ( Hebrew כְּרוּב , pl. כְּרוּבִים , English trans kərūv , pl. kərūvîm , dual kərūvāyim Latin cherub[us] , pl cherubi[m] , Syriac ܟܪܘܒܐ ) is a type of spiritual being mentioned in the Hebrew Bible and cited later on in the Christian biblical canons , usually associated with the presence of God.
A seraph (pl. seraphs or seraphim ( pron.: / ˈ s ɛr . ə . f ɪ m / ); Hebrew : שְׂרָפִים śərāfîm , singular שָׂרָף śārāf ; Latin : seraphi[m] , singular seraph[us] ; Greek : σεραφείμ) is a type of celestial or heavenly being in the Abrahamic religions . Literally "burning ones", the word seraph is normally a synonym for serpents when used in the Hebrew Bible . A seminal passage in the Book of Isaiah ( Isaiah 6:1-8 ) used the term to describe fiery six-winged beings that fly around God's throne singing "holy, holy, holy". This throne scene, with its triple invocation of holiness (a formula that came to be known as the Trisagion ), profoundly influenced subsequent theology , literature and art . Its influence is frequently seen in works depicting angels , heaven and apotheosis .
Watching angel on the spire of St Michael's church, Clifton Hampden, Oxfordshire, England Watcher ( Aramaic , עִיר, iyr ; Theodotian trans : ir ; from the verb ur , "to watch"; Heb . er , "being watchful"; [ 1 ] Gk . ἐγρήγοροι , trans : egrḗgoroi ; Slav transliteration, Grigori , [ 2 ] "Watchers", "those who are awake"; Chaldean , "guard", "watcher" [ 3 ] ) is a term used in connection with biblical angels . Watcher occurs in both plural and singular forms in the Book of Daniel (2nd century BC), where reference is made to their holiness. The apocryphal Books of Enoch (1st and 2nd centuries BC) refer to both good and bad Watchers, with a primary focus on the rebellious ones. [ edit ] Daniel In the Book of Daniel 4:13, 17, 23 [ 4 ] there are three references to the class of "watcher, holy one" (watcher, Aramaic `iyr ; holy one, Aramaic qaddiysh ).
The Septuagint ( pron.: / ˈ s ɛ p t juː ə ˌ dʒ ɪ n t / ), ( / ˈ s ɛ p t uː ə ˌ dʒ ɪ n t / ), ( / ˌ s ɛ p ˈ t uː ə dʒ ɪ n t / ), ( / ˈ s ɛ p tʃ uː ə ˌ dʒ ɪ n t / ), (or " LXX ", or " Greek Old Testament ") is an ancient translation of the Hebrew Bible and some related texts into Koine Greek , dated as early as the late 2nd century BCE. It is quoted in the New Testament , [ 1 ] particularly in the writings of Paul the Apostle , [ 2 ] and also by the Apostolic Fathers and later Greek Church Fathers , and continues to serve as the Eastern Orthodox Old Testament . The traditional story is that Ptolemy II sponsored the translation for use by the many Alexandrian Jews who were not fluent in Hebrew but fluent in Koine Greek, [ 3 ] which was the lingua franca of Alexandria, Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean [ 4 ] from the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE until the development of Byzantine Greek around 600 CE.
Priory of Sion
The Luther Bible is a German language Bible translation from Hebrew and ancient Greek by Martin Luther , of which the New Testament was published in 1522 and the complete Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments and Apocrypha, in 1534. The project absorbed Luther's later years. [ 4 ] The new translation was widely disseminated thanks to the printing press, [ 5 ] and it became a force in shaping the modern High German language . [ edit ] Luther's New Testament translation While he was sequestered in the Wartburg Castle (1521–1522) Luther began to translate the New Testament from ancient Greek into German in order to make it more accessible to all the people of the " Holy Roman Empire of the German nation." He translated from the Greek text, using Erasmus ' second edition (1519) of the Greek New Testament, known as the Textus Receptus .
The Gutenberg Bible (also known as the 42-line Bible , the Mazarin Bible or the B42 ) was the first major book printed with movable type in the West. It marked the start of the " Gutenberg Revolution " and the age of the printed book in the West. Widely praised for its high aesthetic and artistic qualities, [ 1 ] the book has an iconic status. Written in Latin, the Gutenberg Bible is an edition of the Vulgate , printed by Johannes Gutenberg , in Mainz , Germany , in the 1450s.
Version » Young's Literal Translation Go to: Version Information | Copyright Information | Bible-Book List Version Information The Bible text designated YLT is from the 1898 Young's Literal Translation by Robert Young who also compiled Young's Analytical Concordance. This is an extremely literal translation that attempts to preserve the tense and word usage as found in the original Greek and Hebrew writings.
Biblical literalism (also called Biblicism or Biblical fundamentalism ) is the interpretation or translation of the explicit and primary sense of words in the Bible . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] A literal Biblical interpretation is associated with the fundamentalist and evangelical hermeneutical approach to scripture—the historical-grammatical method —and is used extensively by conservative Christians , [ 3 ] in contrast to the historical-critical method of liberal Christians . The essence of this approach focuses upon the author's intent as the primary meaning of the text. [ 4 ] Literal interpretation does place emphasis upon the referential aspect of the words or terms in the text. It does not, however, mean a complete denial of literary aspects, genre, or figures of speech within the text (e.g., parable, allegory, simile, or metaphor). [ 5 ] Also literalism does not necessarily lead to total and complete agreement upon one single interpretation for any given passage.
The Book of Ezekiel is the third of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible , following the books of Isaiah and Jeremiah and preceding the Book of the Twelve . (The order is somewhat different in the Christian Old Testament ). It derives its name from, and records the visions of, the 6th century BC priest and prophet Ezekiel . According to the book, the prophet, exiled in Babylon, experienced a series of seven visions during the 22 years from 593 to 571 BC, a period which spans the final destruction of Jerusalem in 586. The visions, and the book, are structured around three themes: (1) judgment on Israel (chapters 1-24); (2) judgment on the nations (chapters 25-32); and future blessings for Israel (chapters 33-48). [ 1 ] [ edit ] Structure
The two Books of Kings ( Hebrew : Sepher M'lakhim , ספר מלכים - the two books were originally one [ 1 ] ) present the biblical view of history of ancient Israel and Judah from the death of David to the release of his successor Jehoiachin from imprisonment in Babylon, a period of some 400 years (c.960-560 BCE). [ 2 ] It concludes a series of books running from Joshua through Judges and Samuel , which make up the section of the Hebrew Bible called the Former Prophets . This series is also often referred to as the Deuteronomistic history , a body of writing which scholars believe was written to provide a theological explanation for the destruction of the Jewish kingdom by Babylon in 586 BCE and a foundation for a return from exile. [ 2 ] [ edit ] Contents See 1 Kings and 2 Kings at Bible Gateway David dies and Solomon comes to the throne.
Solomon ( Hebrew : שְׁלֹמֹה , Modern Shlomo Tiberian Šəlōmō ISO 259-3 Šlomo ; Arabic : سليمان Sulaymān , also colloquially : Silimān ; Greek : Σολομών Solomōn ), also called Jedidiah (Hebrew יְדִידְיָהּ ), was, according to the Book of Kings , the Book of Chronicles , Hidden Words and the Qur'an [ 1 ] a king of Israel and the son of David . [ 2 ] The conventional dates of Solomon's reign are circa 970 to 931 BC. He is described as the third king of the United Monarchy , and the final king before the northern Kingdom of Israel and the southern Kingdom of Judah split. Following the split, his patrilineal descendants ruled over Judah alone. According to the Talmud , Solomon is one of the 48 prophets . [ 3 ] In the Qur'an , he is considered a major prophet , known as Sulaiman , son of David .
A sketch of Solomon's Temple as described in the Hebrew Bible . Cross section, looking West (above). East elevation (below). Reconstruction of the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem according to the description from the Bible. According to the Hebrew Bible , Solomon's Temple , also known as the First Temple , was the Holy Temple ( Hebrew : בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ : Bet HaMikdash ) in ancient Jerusalem , on the Temple Mount (also known as Mount Zion ), before its destruction by Nebuchadnezzar II after the Siege of Jerusalem of 587 BCE . There is no direct archaeological evidence for the existence of Solomon's Temple, and no mention of it in the surviving contemporary extra-biblical literature.