Rabindranath Thakur α[›] , anglicised to Tagore β[›] pronunciation ( Bengali : রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর ; 7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), γ[›] sobriquet Gurudev , δ[›] was a Bengali polymath who reshaped his region's literature and music . Author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse", he became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913.
The Way We Are: It Started with the Greeks (Day the Universe Changed - Ep 1)
Philosophers: Alphabetical Index
Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26 April 1889 – 29 April 1951) was an Austrian - British philosopher who worked primarily in logic , the philosophy of mathematics , the philosophy of mind , and the philosophy of language . [ 1 ] He was professor in philosophy at the University of Cambridge from 1939 until 1947. [ 2 ] In his lifetime, he published just one book review, one article, a children's dictionary, and the 75-page Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921). [ 3 ] In 1999, his posthumously published Philosophical Investigations (1953) was ranked as the most important book of 20th-century philosophy by the Baruch Poll, standing out as "...the one crossover masterpiece in twentieth-century philosophy, appealing across diverse specializations and philosophical orientations". [ 4 ] Philosopher Bertrand Russell described him as "the most perfect example I have ever known of genius as traditionally conceived, passionate, profound, intense, and dominating". [ 5 ]
John Searle on Ludwig Wittgenstein: Section 1
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Wittgenstein : Language Games
On Certainty ( Über Gewißheit ) is a philosophical book composed from the notes written by Ludwig Wittgenstein just prior to his death. Some of the notes were left at the home of G.
A truth table is a mathematical table used in logic —specifically in connection with Boolean algebra , boolean functions , and propositional calculus —to compute the functional values of logical expressions on each of their functional arguments, that is, on each combination of values taken by their logical variables ( Enderton , 2001).
Ludwig Wittgenstein List of quotes page 1 - phraseoftheday.co.uk
Availability of this book in print: Traditionally, English translations of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations are published with the original German on the left-hand side of the page and the right. I find this very useful, especially when speaking with a German audience. I even found it useful in studying German. Wittgenstein's German is unusually easy for a native English speaker to learn to read, and even easier, of course, with the translation on the right side of the page.
Immanuel Kant ( German: [ɪˈmaːnu̯eːl kant] ; 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher. He is a central figure of modern philosophy, and set the terms by which all subsequent thinkers have had to grapple. He argued that human perception structures natural laws, and that reason is the source of morality. His thought continues to hold a major influence in contemporary thought, especially in fields such as metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, and aesthetics. [ 1 ] Kant's major work, the Critique of Pure Reason ( Kritik der reinen Vernunft , 1781), [ 2 ] aimed to unite reason with experience to move beyond what he took to be failures of traditional philosophy and metaphysics .
Immanuel Kant Quotes
We find that the more a cultivated reason devotes itself to the aim of enjoying life and happiness, the further does man get away from true contentment. IMMANUEL KANT, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals The universal law of justice is: act externally in such a way that the free use of your will is compatible with the freedom of everyone according to a universal law. IMMANUEL KANT, The Metaphysical Elements of Justice
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche ( / ˈ n iː tʃ ə / [ 42 ] or / ˈ n i tʃ i / ; [ 43 ] German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈniːt͡sʃə] ; October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) was a German philosopher , poet , composer , cultural critic , and classical philologist . He wrote critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy, and science, displaying a fondness for metaphor , irony , and aphorism . Nietzsche's key ideas include the " death of God ," the Übermensch , the eternal recurrence , the Apollonian and Dionysian dichotomy, perspectivism , and the will to power .
Friedrich Nietzsche Quotes
- We have 1 book review related to Friedrich Nietzsche. - Read the works of Friedrich Nietzsche online at The Literature Page A casual stroll through the lunatic asylum shows that faith does not prove anything. Friedrich Nietzsche At times one remains faithful to a cause only because its opponents do not cease to be insipid. Battle not with monsters, lest ye become a monster, and if you gaze into the abyss, the abyss gazes also into you.
Aristotle ( Ancient Greek : Ἀριστοτέλης [aristotélɛːs] , Aristotélēs ) (384 BC – 322 BC) [ 1 ] was a Greek philosopher and polymath , a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great . His writings cover many subjects, including physics , metaphysics , poetry , theater , music , logic , rhetoric , linguistics , politics , government , ethics , biology , and zoology . Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato's teacher), Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy.
Where perception is, there also are pain and pleasure, and where these are, there, of necessity, is desire. Neglect of an effective birth control policy is a never-failing source of poverty which, in turn, is the parent of revolution and crime. Generally, about all perception, we can say that a sense is what has the power of receiving into itself the sensible forms of things without the matter, in the way in which a piece of wax takes on the impress of a signet ring without the iron or gold. Men acquire a particular quality by constantly acting a particular way... you become just by performing just actions, temperate by performing temperate actions, brave by performing brave actions.
Plato ( pron.: / ˈ p l eɪ t oʊ / ; Greek : Πλάτων , Plátōn , "broad"; [ 2 ] 424/423 BC [a] – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece . He was also a mathematician , student of Socrates , writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens , the first institution of higher learning in the Western world . Along with his mentor, Socrates, and his student, Aristotle , Plato helped to lay the foundations of Western philosophy and science . [ 3 ] In the words of A. N.
Poetry is nearer to vital truth than history. The direction in which education starts a man will determine his future life. The beginning is the most important part of the work. The more the pleasures of the body fade away, the greater to me is the pleasure and charm of conversation. Democracy is a charming form of government, full of variety and disorder, and dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequal alike. Many men are loved by their enemies, and hated by their friends, and are the friends of their enemies, and the enemies of their friends.
Confucius (551–479 BC) [ 1 ] was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history . The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin Dynasty . Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius's thoughts received official sanction and were further developed into a system known as Confucianism . Confucius is traditionally credited with having authored or edited many of the Chinese classic texts including all of the Five Classics , but modern scholars are cautious of attributing specific assertions to Confucius himself.
I read about Jain philosophy some years ago...just found it again on wiki. Some wonderful ideas with some irony...it has a strong emphasis on non-violence, but notice Swastik...connect that with the "non-violent Nazis". Just commenting about different thought-groups and the meaning placed with images...part of Wittgenstein's "language games". by Dec 13