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A People's History of the United States. Panasonic KX-TG6592T DECT 6.0 Amplified Sound Cordless Phone with Answering System, Metallic Black, 2 Handsets: Electronics.

Noam Chomsky

Anthropology. General knowledge. Rabindranath Tagore. Rabindranath Tagoreβ[›] (Bengali pronunciation: [rəˈbindrəˈnɑt ˈtɑɡɔr] ( )), also written Rabīndranātha Thākura (Bengali: রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর; pronounced: [rəˈbindrəˈnɑtə ˈtɑkʊrə]),[2] (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941),γ[›] sobriquet Gurudev,δ[›] was a Bengali polymath who reshaped his region's literature and music.

Rabindranath Tagore

Author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse", he became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. In translation his poetry was viewed as spiritual and mercurial; however, his "elegant prose and magical poetry" remain largely unknown outside Bengal. Tagore introduced new prose and verse forms and the use of colloquial language into Bengali literature, thereby freeing it from traditional models based on classical Sanskrit. He was highly influential in introducing the best of Indian culture to the West and vice versa, and he is generally regarded as the outstanding creative artist of modern South Asia.[7][8] Quantum Mechanics Wiki. Quantum Mechanics.

Reference, Facts, News - Free and Family-friendly Resources - The Way We Are: It Started with the Greeks (Day the Universe Changed - Ep 1) Mind Mapping. A People's History of the United States.

Alan Watts

Philosophers: Alphabetical Index. Untitled Document. Ludwig Wittgenstein. John Searle on Ludwig Wittgenstein: Section 1. Wittgenstein : Language Games. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 License In his later work Wittgenstein developed the idea that the job of philosophy was to clear up the conceptual confusions that arose through our unexamined use of language.

Wittgenstein : Language Games

Dissatisfied with the traditional expressionist and reflective approaches to language he sought a new model which would allow greater flexibility. Central to this was the concept of rule governed activity or 'language game'. Wittgenstein introduces the concept of 'language games' because of the analogy between using language and playing a game according to certain rules. It was his contention that our whole use of language was similar to game playing: At every step we are following the rules, but not the same rules at every step. Augustine describes the learning of human language as if the child came into a strange country and did not understand the language of the country; that is, as if it already had a language, only not this one. On Certainty. On Certainty (German: Über Gewißheit) is a philosophical book composed from the notes written by Ludwig Wittgenstein just prior to his death.

On Certainty

Some of the notes were left at the home of G. E. M. Anscombe, who later compiled the notes into a book. The book's concerns are largely epistemological, its main theme being that there are some things which must be exempt from doubt in order for human practices to be possible (i.e. Another important point is his claim that all doubt is embedded into underlying beliefs and therefore that the most radical forms of doubt must be rejected since they form a contradiction within the system that expressed them.

See also[edit] External links[edit] On Certainty - translation by Denis Paul and G. Truth table. Practically, a truth table is composed of one column for each input variable (for example, A and B), and one final column for all of the possible results of the logical operation that the table is meant to represent (for example, A XOR B).

Truth table

Each row of the truth table therefore contains one possible configuration of the input variables (for instance, A=true B=false), and the result of the operation for those values. See the examples below for further clarification. Ludwig Wittgenstein is often credited with their invention in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.[1] Unary operations[edit] Logical identity[edit] Ludwig Wittgenstein List of quotes page 1 - Commentary on Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. Shawver Commentary: This commentary in the pages of this website is not meant to replace your reading of Wittgenstein in the original.

Commentary on Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations

For that, of course, you will need to acquire the book. This commentary is meant to give you a taste of Wittgentein, or, if you are really ready, to help you get started. The problem is that while Wittgenstein's writing style is quite beautiful, almost poetic, it is so unusual, that all of us, it seems, need a little help in the beginning. It is my hope that after you read this commentary, however, that his meanings will appear transparent to you when you hold your copy of this wonderful book in your hands. One of the most difficult or misleading aspects of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations is the way in which he uses multiple voices to converse with himself.

The Philosophical Investigations is written in aphorisms, short numbered passages that are loosely tied together in terms of theme. Immanuel Kant. Immanuel Kant (/kænt/;[1] German: [ɪˈmaːnu̯eːl kant]; 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy.

Immanuel Kant

He argued that fundamental concepts structure human experience, and that reason is the source of morality. His thought continues to have a major influence in contemporary thought, especially the fields of metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, and aesthetics.[2] Immanuel Kant Quotes. Friedrich Nietzsche. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (/ˈniːtʃə/[1] or /ˈniːtʃi/;[2] German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈniːt͡sʃə]; 15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, composer and Latin and Greek scholar.

Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche Quotes. Aristotle. Aristotle's views on physical science profoundly shaped medieval scholarship.


Their influence extended into the Renaissance and were not replaced systematically until the Enlightenment and theories such as classical mechanics. Aristotle Quotes. We become just by performing just actions, temperate by performing temperate actions, brave by performing brave actions.

Aristotle Quotes

ARISTOTLE, Nicomachean Ethics. Plato. Plato (/ˈpleɪtoʊ/; Greek: Πλάτων Plátōn "broad"pronounced [plá.tɔːn] in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BCE) was a philosopher, as well as mathematician, in Classical Greece.


He is considered an essential figure in the development of philosophy, especially the Western tradition, and he founded the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Plato Quotes. Poetry is nearer to vital truth than history. The direction in which education starts a man will determine his future life. Confucius. Confucius (551–479 BC)[1] was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. Confucius is traditionally credited with having authored or edited many of the Chinese classic texts including all of the Five Classics, but modern scholars are cautious of attributing specific assertions to Confucius himself. Aphorisms concerning his teachings were compiled in the Analects, but only many years after his death. Confucius's principles had a basis in common Chinese tradition and belief.

He championed strong family loyalty, ancestor worship, respect of elders by their children and of husbands by their wives. He also recommended family as a basis for ideal government. Names. Confucius Quotes. Of all that Heaven produces and nourishes, there is none so great as man. CONFUCIUS, The Wisdom of Confucius Ceremonies are the first thing to be attended to in the practice of government. Jain philosophy. Jain philosophy deals with metaphysics, reality, cosmology, ontology, epistemology and divinity.

I read about Jain philosophy some years ago...just found it again on wiki. Some wonderful ideas with some has a strong emphasis on non-violence, but notice Swastik...connect that with the "non-violent Nazis". Just commenting about different thought-groups and the meaning placed with images...part of Wittgenstein's "language games". – dratomic

Jainism is a transtheistic religion of ancient India. The distinguishing features of Jain philosophy are its belief on independent existence of soul and matter, absence of a supreme divine creator, owner, preserver or destroyer, potency of karma, eternal and uncreated universe, a strong emphasis on non-violence, accent on relativity and multiple facets of truth, and morality and ethics based on liberation of soul. Jain philosophy attempts to explain the rationale of being and existence, the nature of the Universe and its constituents, the nature of bondage and the means to achieve liberation. Jainism has often been described as an ascetic movement for its strong emphasis on self-control, austerities and renunciation.