Parts of the Speech
“Parts of speech” are the basic types of words that English has.
In English, it is common to use more than one adjective before a noun — for example, “He's a silly young fool,” or “She's a smart, energetic woman.”
See The Sentence for definitions of sentence, clause, and dependent clause .
Traditional grammar classifies words based on eight parts of speech : the verb , the noun , the pronoun , the adjective , the adverb , the preposition , the conjunction , and the interjection . Each part of speech explains not what the word is , but how the word is used . In fact, the same word can be a noun in one sentence and a verb or adjective in the next.
Printer Fabulous! Recognize a prepositional phrase when you see one. At the minimum, a prepositional phrase will begin with a preposition and end with a noun , pronoun , gerund , or clause , the "object" of the preposition.
Free English Lessons from the ESL Resource Center
Here is a brief review of adjective clauses and relative pronouns.