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Chaos theory is a field of study in mathematics , with applications in several disciplines including physics , engineering , economics , biology , and philosophy . Chaos theory studies the behavior of dynamical systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions, an effect which is popularly referred to as the butterfly effect . Small differences in initial conditions (such as those due to rounding errors in numerical computation) yield widely diverging outcomes for such dynamical systems, rendering long-term prediction impossible in general. [ 1 ] This happens even though these systems are deterministic , meaning that their future behavior is fully determined by their initial conditions, with no random elements involved. [ 2 ] In other words, the deterministic nature of these systems does not make them predictable. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] This behavior is known as deterministic chaos, or simply chaos .
A chaotic good character acts as his conscience directs him with little regard for what others expect of him. He makes his own way, but he's kind and benevolent.
More Science :: News :: November 29, 2012 :: :: Email :: Print With the Large Hadron Collider unable to find the particles that the theory says must exist, the field of particle physics is back to its "nightmare scenario" By Natalie Wolchover and Simons Science News
Lateral thinking is solving problems through an indirect and creative approach, using reasoning that is not immediately obvious and involving ideas that may not be obtainable by using only traditional step-by-step logic . The term was coined in 1967 by Edward de Bono . As taught by de Bono, lateral thinking deliberately distances itself from standard perceptions of creativity as either "vertical" logic (the classic method for problem solving: working out the solution step-by-step from the given data) or "horizontal" imagination (having a thousand ideas but being unconcerned with the detailed implementation of them).
We've been working on producing mazes by computer, with input from a human designer. We're interested in two complementary questions with respect to maze design: Complexity: What makes a maze difficult to solve? The more we consider this question, the more elusive it becomes. It's certainly possible to begin defining mathematical measures of a maze's complexity, but complexity must depend on aspects of human perception as well. For example, the eye can easily become lost in a set of parallel passages.
CHAOS: THE BROADSHEETS OF ONTOLOGICAL ANARCHISM was first published in 1985 by Grim Reaper Press of Weehawken, New Jersey; a later re-issue was published in Providence, Rhode Island, and this edition was pirated in Boulder, Colorado. Another edition was released by Verlag Golem of Providence in 1990, and pirated in Santa Cruz, California, by We Press. "The Temporary Autonomous Zone" was performed at the Jack Kerouac School of Disembodied Poetics in Boulder, and on WBAI-FM in New York City, in 1990. Thanx to the following publications, current and defunct, in which some of these pieces appeared (no doubt I've lost or forgotten many--sorry!): KAOS (London); Ganymede (London); Pan (Amsterdam); Popular Reality ; Exquisite Corpse (also Stiffest of the Corpse , City Lights); Anarchy (Columbia, MO); Factsheet Five ; Dharma Combat ; OVO ; City Lights Review ; Rants and Incendiary Tracts (Amok); Apocalypse Culture (Amok); Mondo 2000 ; The Sporadical ; Black Eye ; Moorish Science Monitor ; FEH!
Many cognitive biases have been demonstrated by research in psychology and behavioral economics . These are systematic deviations from a standard of rationality or good judgment. Although the reality of these biases is confirmed by replicable research, there are often controversies about how to classify these biases or how to explain them. [ 1 ] Some are effects of information-processing rules, called heuristics , that the brain uses to produce decisions or judgments. These are called cognitive biases . [ 2 ] [ 3 ] Biases in judgment or decision-making can also result from motivation , such as when beliefs are distorted by wishful thinking . Some biases have a variety of cognitive ("cold") or motivational ("hot") explanations. Both effects can be present at the same time. [ 4 ] [ 5 ]
The fallacy of composition arises when one infers that something is true of the whole from the fact that it is true of some part of the whole (or even of every proper part ). For example: "This fragment of metal cannot be fractured with a hammer, therefore the machine of which it is a part cannot be fractured with a hammer." This is clearly fallacious, because many machines can be broken-apart, without any of those parts being fracturable. This fallacy is often confused with the fallacy of hasty generalization , in which an unwarranted inference is made from a statement about a sample to a statement about the population from which it is drawn. The fallacy of composition is the converse of the fallacy of division .
Our body language exhibits far more information about how we feel than it is possible to articulate verbally. All of the physical gestures we make are subconsciously interpreted by others. This can work for or against us depending on the kind of body language we use. Some gestures project a very positive message , while others do nothing but set a negative tone.
Tips & Advice to help you make your decision on Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology With new developments in the world of pharmaceuticals and biotechnology, this sector of the industry has more jobs available than many other areas of the health care industry. Many health care industry analysts are forecasting that biopharmacology–the process of using living organisms such as yeasts, bacteria, proteins, or cell cultures in the development and manufacturing of medicine--will grow even further over the next several years. There are many biopharmaceutical jobs which you can choose to explore. This industry is in great need of dedicated researchers.
About Stanford University One of the world's leading universities, Stanford was founded in 1885 in what is now Stanford, California. It is comprised of seven schools, four of which are devoted exclusively to graduate education. Stanford's most renowned programs include the Graduate School of Business, Law School, School of Engineering, and School of Medicine.
Quantum Entanglement It is possible for a particle to interact with another particle in such a way that the quantum states of the two particles form a single entangled state. The definition of an entangled state is that it is not entirely independent of other states: its state is dependent on another state in some way.
Quantum Entanglement, Visible to the Naked Eye Jule_Berlin via Flickr Physicists at the University of Geneva in Switzerland have devised a new kind of quantum experiment using humans as photon detectors, and in doing so have made the quantum phenomenon of entanglement visible to the naked eye for the first time. For those that need a primer, entanglement is that strange quantum phenomenon that links two particles across distances such that any any measurements carried out on one particle immediately changes the properties of the other--even if they are separated by the entire universe. Einstein called it “spooky action at a distance.”