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Academic Writing Sources & Support

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Welcome all wannabe doctoral scholars. This collection is mostly gleaned from other Pearltree contributors (thank you for sharing) who bring a depth and breath of ideas to help us improve our writing (self included).
Best of success to you with your continued issertation studies.


Dr. Craig Barton. Bloomin' Apps. What is a Scholarly Source? When I use the term "scholarly source", I mean a source that is peer reviewed or published in a recognized scholarly source, like a journal or a university publisher.

What is a Scholarly Source?

How do you tell the difference between a scholarly source and other sources? Well, the library has a chart that might help, at least in telling the difference between scholarly journals and popular magazines. What Is a Scholarly Source? College professors often require students to write papers using scholarly sources.

What Is a Scholarly Source?

These sources are academic writings by educators and researchers who specialize in specific subject areas. The writers pepper the documents with specialized language and include graphs or charts to illustrate their findings. What is a Scholarly Article. 12946 Manuscript Tips. A Step-by-Step Guide on Writing a Scholarly Paper.

What About Scholarly Writing?

SUNY Empire State College. Tip: After you have completed the body of your paper, you can decide what you want to say in your introduction and in your conclusion.

SUNY Empire State College

Explanation Once you know what you want to talk about and you have written your thesis statement, you are ready to build the body of your essay. The thesis statement will usually be followed by: the body of the paperthe paragraphs that develop the thesis by explaining your ideas by backing them up examples or evidence. SUNY Empire State College. The writing process is never done--it is only finished when you need to hand something in or voluntarily discontinue working.

SUNY Empire State College

If you were to pick up a piece of writing that you completed two years ago, you undoubtedly would see ways that you could improve it. Two years later, you could do the same thing. Common Mistakes. Online Etymology Dictionary. Word Frequency Counter. Text Analysis. Edit Central. Contents Introduction: On Writing Style and Diction Tools Sponsored Links Reference Books Technical Notes Privacy Policy Contact Introduction: On Writing If you want to become a better writer, you need to do the following, in order of priority: (1) write a lot, and (2) seek ideas and inspiration, and (3) get the technical details right.

Edit Central

This web site is mostly about the third and least important of these points. It should not be a surprise that to improve your writing you should write a lot. If you want to improve your piano playing, do you really think that you should spend a lot of time looking at piano catalogs? Inspiration does have a role to play, particularly if it can get you to write more. Lastly, there are the rules of grammar, punctuation, and spelling. Style & Diction This is an interactive section for checking a sample of writing. Click the "Submit" button to look for possible problems in the text.

Sponsored Links Reference Books Become an excellent writer! Technical Notes. Information Ethics - Includes ITEC websites. Tools.  the web's best resource for quality rubrics. Evaluation Tools and Instruments. Most evaluations require the use of a data collection tool—a survey or other data collection instrument.

Evaluation Tools and Instruments

Evaluators either need to adopt or adapt tools “off the shelf” or create new ones. Either method can pose challenges: Tools that have been developed for one evaluation may not prove suitable for another, at least not without careful modification. At the same time, creating new tools requires expertise in measurement and instrument design. How do you know if an off-the-shelf instrument is appropriate for your needs?

Good question! What is the instrument measuring? We’ve gathered a collection of tools and instruments that can be used for evaluating outcomes of informal STEM education projects or that can serve as starting points for modification. How to Structure An Essay: Avoiding Six Weaknesses In Papers - TIP Sheet - Butte College. TIP SheetHOW TO STRUCTURE AN ESSAY: AVOIDING SIX MAJOR WEAKNESSES IN PAPERS Writing a paper is a lot like painting your house: the bulk of the work is in the preparation–scraping, sanding, cleaning, applying primer.

How to Structure An Essay: Avoiding Six Weaknesses In Papers - TIP Sheet - Butte College

If you fail in the prep work, the finished product will be less than excellent. 6 of The Best Web Tools for Organizing and Managing Citations, References and Bibliographies. April 1, 2015 One of the onerous parts in essay and academic writing is the bibliography section.

6 of The Best Web Tools for Organizing and Managing Citations, References and Bibliographies

Managing, organizing and citing references can sometimes be a real challenge especially if you don't keep track of what and who you cite. The last thing you would want after a strenuous writing task is a messy bibliography with one reference missing page numbers the other needs publication date or, worse of all, having to go back to your sources to check for the source of that quotation you included in your conclusion. If you find yourself constantly grappling with problems such as these, the web tools below are absolutely something you might need to consider.

These are some of the best applications for organizing, managing, and publishing bibliographies, citations and references. Some of these softwares are integrated with Google Scholar. APA. APA Style: Learning APA Style. The Basics of APA Style: Tutorial Free | This free tutorial is designed for those who have no previous knowledge of APA Style.

APA Style: Learning APA Style

It shows users how to structure and format their work, recommends ways to reduce bias in language, identifies how to avoid charges of plagiarism, shows how to cite references in text, and provides selected reference examples. Basics of APA Style: In-Depth Online Course $80 ($60 for APA members) | Learn to apply the basic rules of APA Style in writing term papers, research reports, and journal articles. The course provides a comprehensive overview of the elements of manuscript preparation; each section is followed by two to three review questions. What’s New in the Sixth Edition: Tutorial Free | This 14-minute tutorial provides an overview of key changes in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual, beginning with three overarching goals that guided the revision and ending with a detailed chapter-by-chapter list of new and expanded content.

Critical Review of Scholarly Literature. Hamburger-Graphic-Organizer. How to Cite Something You Found on a Website in APA Style. By Chelsea Lee Perhaps the most common question we get about APA Style is “How do I cite a website?”

How to Cite Something You Found on a Website in APA Style

Or “How do I cite something I found on a website?” First, to cite a website in general, but not a specific document on that website, see this FAQ. Once you’re at the level of citing a particular page or document, the key to writing the reference list entry is to determine what kind of content the page has. The Publication Manual reference examples in Chapter 7 are sorted by the type of content (e.g., journal article, e-book, newspaper story, blog post), not by the location of that content in a library or on the Internet. What seems to flummox our readers is what to do when the content doesn’t fall into an easily defined area. Content in that egg white area may seem confusing to cite, but the template for references from this area is actually very simple, with only four pieces (author, date, title, and source): Examples of Online References. The Adverb Is Not Your Friend: Stephen King on Simplicity of Style.

“Employ a simple and straightforward style,” Mark Twain instructed in the 18th of his 18 famous literary admonitions. And what greater enemy of simplicity and straightforwardness than the adverb? Or so argues Stephen King in On Writing: A Memoir on the Craft (public library), one of 9 essential books to help you write better. While he may have used a handful of well-placed adverbs in his excellent recent case for gun control, King embarks upon a forceful crusade against this malignant part of speech: The adverb is not your friend.Adverbs … are words that modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.

The No-Fail Secret to Writing a Dissertation. Want to swap writing strategies? Transition and linking words. 5 Ways to Get Rid of Your Damn Empty Modifiers. I discussed the need to get rid of empty emphatics when I gave you 8 words to seek and destroy in your writing, but just saying that you should get rid of a thing doesn't say much about the right way to do so. Today I'm going to show you a few of my favorite ways to get rid of your empty modifiers.

What exactly is an empty modifier? It's any word whose only role is to intensify the word it's modifying. The prime candidates here are "very" and "really," but "extremely," "intensely," "totally," "absolutely," "quite," and many other emphatic modifiers make the list. Further, many emphatics that shift meaning slightly or add some flavor (e.g., "just" or "damn") should be approached with skepticism, and it's easy to find flimsy "-ly" words that show us why the road to hell is paved with adverbs.

Style for Students Online. PD Series: The Alarming Reality of Research & Writing Skills in Education. EasyBib: College & Career Readiness. Free English Grammar Lessons and Tests. Writing a Research Proposal - Organizing Your Research Paper. Beginning the Proposal Process As with writing a traditional research paper, research proposals are generally organized the same way throughout most social science disciplines. Proposals vary between ten and twenty pages in length. However, before you begin, read the assignment carefully and, if anything seems unclear, ask your professor whether there are any specific requirements for organizing and writing the proposal.

The Science of Scientific Writing. “The Science of Scientific Writing” is a thoroughly detailed and important article about scientific writing from the journal American Scientist. You will find practical advice on how (literally) to put sentences together and walk along with the authors as they methodically generate seven practical maxims for good science writing. In the article, the authors, George D. Gopen and Judith A. Swan, develop seven maxims that will aid you as you write and revise your work. The Universal Recipe, Or How To Get Your Manuscript Accepted By Persnickety Editors. “The Universal Recipe, Or How To Get Your Manuscript Accepted By Persnickety Editors” is a detailed look at how the best writers put together and publish their scientific reports in journals. The beauty of this piece is its universality and comprehensiveness; by definition, the advice in this article crosses disciplinary lines.

From the sharp mind of a seasoned editor, this article gives us an inside track on just what editors are looking for when they select scientific articles for publication. This article is the best I have seen at what it does, and is made more enjoyable by the editor’s wit, examples, and exactitude. From the entertaining title of the original article to the gracious closing acknowledgments, we see again that editors are people too (some, I suspect, even ride mountain bikes and keep pets).

This article is reprinted with the kind permission of the author, Frederick A. Overview. Purpose of Guide - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper - Research Guides at University of Southern California. NCU dissertation: became an article in scholarly journal. Writing Tips.

Son of Citation Machine. Literary Terms. APA Formatting and Style Guide. Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing). Writing Guides. The following Writing Guides are available.

Sentence Variety. Summary: This resource presents methods for adding sentence variety and complexity to writing that may sound repetitive or boring. Sections are divided into general tips for varying structure, a discussion of sentence types, and specific parts of speech which can aid in sentence variety. Common Mistakes. List of commonly misused English words. Common English usage misconceptions. Collins English Dictionary. Bloom's Taxonomy. Citing Yourself - Citations - Academic Guides at Center for Student Success.

Active Voice Versus Passive Voice. Today's topic is active voice versus passive voice. Here's a question from Brian in Iowa. Tips for scholarly writing: Professor S. Silliman. The 200 Most Common Redundancies.