Philosophy

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A trip into the depths of spirit. Returning with healing. Rocky Road: Descartes. Descartes From Measuring Eternity by Martin Gorst That the earth is governed by natural laws hardly sounds original today, but when René Descartes first articulated the philosophy in the early 17th century, it was revolutionary — and dangerous.

Rocky Road: Descartes

His mechanistic philosophy suggested that the universe might function fine without incessant divine intervention. But what else could be expected from the author of the statement, "I think, therefore I am"? In fact, debates about his unorthodox ideas prompted a philosophical passion fairly unfamiliar to modern academia, including an "outbreak of fisticuffs and hair-pulling at a disputation" in 1648.

Marcus Aurelius and source checking. "Live a good life.

Marcus Aurelius and source checking

If there are gods and they are just, then they will not care how devout you have been, but will welcome you based on the virtues you have lived by. If there are gods, but unjust, then you should not want to worship them. If there are no gods, then you will be gone, but will have lived a noble life that will live on in the memories of your loved ones. " - Marcus Aurelius I really do love this quote, and agree with the sentiment it espouses. Virtue for the sake of virtue is something anyone can aspire towards, and is one of the central principals of virtue ethics.

Ayn Rand's Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone. “You’re a wizard, Harry,” Hagrid said.

Ayn Rand's Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone

“And you’re coming to Hogwarts.” “What’s Hogwarts?” Harry asked. “It’s wizard school.” About Project Reason. Project Reason is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit foundation devoted to spreading scientific knowledge and secular values in society.

About Project Reason

We seek to encourage critical thinking and wise public policy through a variety of interrelated projects. The foundation can convene conferences, produce films, sponsor scientific studies and opinion polls, hold contests, publish original research, award grants to other charitable organizations, and offer material support to religious dissidents and public intellectuals — all with the purpose of eroding the influence of dogmatism, superstition, and bigotry in our world. A new exposé of Mother Teresa shows that she—and the Vatican—were even worse than we thought. First Christopher Hitchens took her down, then we learned that her faith wasn’t as strong as we thought, and now a new study from the Université de Montréal is poised to completely destroy what shreds are left of Mother Teresa’s reputation.

A new exposé of Mother Teresa shows that she—and the Vatican—were even worse than we thought

She was the winner of the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize, was beatified and is well on her way to becoming a saint, and she’s universally admired. As Wikipedia notes: [She was] named 18 times in the yearly Gallup’s most admired man and woman poll as one of the ten women around the world that Americans admired most. In 1999, a poll of Americans ranked her first in Gallup’s List of Most Widely Admired People of the 20th Century. International Humanist and Ethical Union. The Deen Institute - Home. The Deen Institute - Home. The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion. Vatican corrects infallible pope: atheists will still burn in hell. The Vatican has announced that, despite what Pope Francis has said, atheists are still going to hell.

Vatican corrects infallible pope: atheists will still burn in hell

What a relief. For a brief moment there it was possible to imagine a brave new world of compassion, generosity, and acceptance, not qualities we have come to associate with the Holy See. Said Pope Francis: 'The Lord has redeemed all of us, all of us, with the Blood of Christ: all of us, not just Catholics. Everyone! ‘Father, the atheists?’ Myth, Legend, Folklore, Ghosts. Apollo and the Greek Muses Updated July 2010 COMPREHENSIVE SITES ON MYTHOLOGY ***** The Encyclopedia Mythica - SEARCH - Areas - Image Gallery - Genealogy tables - Mythic Heroes Probert Encyclopaedia - Mythology Gods, Heroes, and MythDictionary of Mythology What is Myth?

Myth, Legend, Folklore, Ghosts

The Partially Examined Life Philosophy Podcast. We’ve done a lot of episodes now, and even we lose track of where we’ve been.

The Partially Examined Life Philosophy Podcast

We aim (among other things) to present the equivalent of an introductory course in all the major areas of philosophy. Here’s where I’ll periodically comment on our progress. Episode 11: Nietzsche’s Immoralism: What Is Ethics, Anyway? Podcast: Play in new window | Download (Duration: 1:51:38 — 102.2MB) Discussing The Genealogy of Morals (mostly the first two essays) and Beyond Good and Evil Ch. 1 (The Prejudices of Philosophers), 5 (Natural History of Morals), and 9 (What is Noble?).

Episode 11: Nietzsche’s Immoralism: What Is Ethics, Anyway?

We go through Nietzsche’s convoluted and historically improbable stories about about the transition from master to slave morality and the origin of bad conscience. Why does he diss Christianity? Is he an anti-semite? Was he a lazy, arrogant bastard? Consciousness Evolution. Ontology. Parmenides was among the first to propose an ontological characterization of the fundamental nature of reality.

Ontology

Overview[edit] Some fundamental questions[edit] Principal questions of ontology include: "What can be said to exist? ""Into what categories, if any, can we sort existing things? "" Samadhanga Sutta: The Factors of Concentration. I have heard that on one occasion the Blessed One was staying at Savatthi, in Jeta's Grove, Anathapindika's monastery. There he addressed the monks, "Monks, I will teach you the five-factored noble right concentration. Listen, and pay close attention. I will speak. " Moral particularism. Moral particularism is the view that there are no moral principles and that moral judgement can be found only as one decides particular cases, either real or imagined. This stands in stark contrast to other prominent moral theories, such as deontology or utilitarianism.

In the former, it is asserted that people have a set of duties (that are to be considered or respected); in the latter, people are to respect the happiness or the preferences of others in their actions. Particularism, to the contrary, asserts that there are no overriding principles that are applicable in every case, or that can be abstracted to apply to every case.

According to particularism, most notably defended by Jonathan Dancy, moral knowledge should be understood as knowledge of moral rules of thumb, which are not principles, and of particular solutions, which can be used by analogy in new cases. Nathaniel Branden. Joseph Prince Ministries. Declaration against interest. Declarations against interest are an exception to the rule on hearsay in which a person's statement may be used, where generally the content of the statement is so prejudicial to the person making it that she would not have made the statement unless she believed the statement was true. The Federal Rules of evidence limit the bases of prejudices to the declarant to tort and criminal liability. Some states, such as California, extend the prejudice to "hatred, ridicule, or social disgrace in the community.

" The admissibility of evidence under the declaration against interest exception to the hearsay rule is often limited by the Confrontation Clause of the Sixth Amendment. A declaration against interest differs from a party admission because here the declarant does not have to be a party to the case, but must have a basis for knowing that the statement is true. Marriage. Marriage (also called matrimony or wedlock) is a socially or ritually recognized union or legal contract between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between them, between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws.[1] The definition of marriage varies according to different cultures, but it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged.

In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. Ideas with Paul Kennedy. Michel Foucault. Born in Poitiers, France to an upper-middle-class family, Foucault was educated at the Lycée Henri-IV and then the École Normale Supérieure, where he developed an interest in philosophy and came under the influence of his tutors Jean Hyppolite and Louis Althusser. After several years as a cultural diplomat abroad, he returned to France and published his first major book, The History of Madness. After obtaining work between 1960 and 1966 at the University of Clermont-Ferrand, he produced two more significant publications, The Birth of the Clinic and The Order of Things, which displayed his increasing involvement with structuralism, a theoretical movement in social anthropology from which he later distanced himself.

These first three histories were examples of a historiographical technique Foucault was developing which he called "archaeology". Hippocratic Oath. Mithraism and Christianity. Philosophy. Page 2: Martin Luther King's Speech: 'I Have a Dream' - The Full Text. Western Philosophy. Learning to move like a cat « Aspiring Taoist. Twelve Virtues of Rationality by Eliezer Yudkowsky. 18 Rules of Living by the Dalai Lama. Syntactic Structures. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The Bill of Rights (including the Preamble to the Bill of Rights) Introduction to Mind and Consciousness.

The Woman With 7 Personalities Part 2. Social philosophy. Thebigview.com - Pondering the Big Questions.