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Plants , also called green plants ( Viridiplantae in Latin ), are living organisms of the kingdom Plantae including such multicellular groups as flowering plants , conifers , ferns and mosses , as well as, depending on definition, the green algae , but not red or brown seaweeds like kelp , nor fungi or bacteria .
Brassicaceae , a medium-sized and economically important family of flowering plants ( Angiosperms ), are informally known as the mustards, mustard flowers, the crucifers or the cabbage family . The name Brassicaceae is derived from the included genus Brassica . Cruciferae , an older name, meaning "cross-bearing", describes the four petals of mustard flowers, which are reminiscent of a cross ; it is one of eight plant family names without the suffix -aceae that are authorized alternative names (according to ICBN Art. 18.5 and 18.6 (Vienna Code)), and thus both Cruciferae and Brassicaceae are used.
The radish ( Raphanus sativus ) is an edible root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family that was domesticated in Europe , [ 1 ] in pre- Roman times.
In botany , a tree is a plant with an elongated stem, or trunk , supporting leaves or branches. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants, only plants that are usable as lumber , only plants above a specified height or only perennial species.
The conifers , division Pinophyta , also known as division Coniferophyta or Coniferae , are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae . Pinophytes are gymnosperms .
Pines are trees in the genus Pinus ( pron.: / ˈ p iː n ɪ s / ), [ 1 ] in the family Pinaceae . They make up the monotypic subfamily Pinoideae .
An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus ( pron.: / ˈ k w ɜr k ə s / ; [ 1 ] Latin "oak tree"), having 600 extant species .
Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms , including their structure, function, growth, evolution , distribution, and taxonomy . [ 1 ] Biology has many subdisciplines unified by five so-called axioms of modern biology: [ 2 ] Cells are the basic unit of life Genes are the basic unit of heredity New species and inherited traits are the product of evolution An organism regulates its internal environment to maintain a stable and constant condition Living organisms consume and transform energy