Explore Cornell - Home Gardening - Introduction. Burpee Seeds and Plants - Home Garden, Vegetable Seeds, Annual Flowers at Burpee.com. Bonsai Culture Group Malta. Best Indoor Plants. Chrysanthemum. Etymology The name "chrysanthemum" is derived from the Greek words chrysos (gold) and anthemon (flower). Taxonomy The genus once included more species, but was split several decades ago into several genera, putting the economically important florist's chrysanthemum in the genus Dendranthema. The naming of the genera has been contentious, but a ruling of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature in 1999 changed the defining species of the genus to Chrysanthemum indicum, restoring the florist's chrysanthemum to the genus Chrysanthemum. The other species previously included in the narrow view of the genus Chrysanthemum are now transferred to the genus Glebionis.
The other genera separate from Chrysanthemum include Argyranthemum, Leucanthemopsis, Leucanthemum, Rhodanthemum, and Tanacetum. Description Wild Chrysanthemum taxa are herbaceous perennial plants or subshrubs. History Historical painting of chrysanthemums from the New International Encyclopedia, 1902. Chamaedorea. Chamaedorea (from Ancient Greek χαμαί (chamai), meaning "on the ground", and δωρεά (dorea), meaning "gift", in reference to easily-reached fruits, or the plants' low-growing nature) is a genus of 107 species of palms, native to subtropical and tropical regions of the Americas. They are small palms, growing to 0.3–6 m (1 ft 0 in–19 ft 8 in) tall with slender, cane-like stems, growing in the understory in rainforests, and often spreading by means of underground runners, forming clonal colonies.
The leaves are pinnate (rarely entire), with one to numerous leaflets. The flowers are produced in inflorescences; they are dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants. The fruit is an orange or red drupe 0.5–2 cm diameter. Perhaps the best-known species is Chamaedorea elegans (neanthe bella palm or parlour palm) from Mexico and Guatemala. It is popular as a houseplant, particularly in Victorian houses. Species Formerly placed here See also Xate. Sansevieria trifasciata. Description The specific epithet trifasciata means "three bundles". Associations It is commonly called the snake plant (not to be confused with the very similarly named Nassauvia serpens), because of the shape of its leaves, or mother-in-law's tongue because of their sharpness. In China, it is known as hǔwěilán (虎尾兰, tiger's tail orchid). In Japan, it is called tiger's tail (とらのお).
In Turkey it is known as Paşa Kılıcı (pasha sword). A yellow-tipped variant is associated with Oya, the female orisha of storms. Cultivation and uses Sansevieria trifasciata in flower Like some other members of its genus, S. trifasciata yields bowstring hemp, a strong plant fiber once used to make bowstrings. It is now used predominantly as an ornamental plant, outdoors in warmer climates, and indoors as a houseplant in cooler climates. Numerous cultivars have been selected, many of them for variegated foliage with yellow or silvery-white stripes on the leaf margins.
References Dypsis lutescens. Description It is grown as an ornamental plant in gardens in tropical and subtropical regions, and elsewhere indoors as a houseplant. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. One of several common names, "butterfly palm" refers to the leaves which curve upwards in multiple stems to create a butterfly look. In its introduced range, this plant acts as a supplier of fruit to some bird species which feed on it opportunistically, such as Pitangus sulphuratus, Coereba flaveola and Thraupis sayaca species in Brazil. Air quality According to NASA and Dr.
References External links Chlorophytum comosum. Chlorophytum comosum, often called the spider plant, airplane plant or hen-and-chickens, is a flowering perennial herb. It is native to tropical and southern Africa, but has become naturalized in other parts of the world, including western Australia. Variegated forms in particular are used as houseplants. Description Chlorophytum comosum grows to about 60 centimetres (24 in) high. It has fleshy, tuberous roots, about 5–10 centimetres (2–4 in) long. The long narrow leaves reach a length of 20–45 centimetres (8–18 in) and are around 6–25 millimetres (0.2–1.0 in) wide. Flower of Chlorophytum comosum 'Vittatum' The inflorescences carry plantlets at the tips of their branches, which eventually droop and touch the soil, developing adventitious roots. Fleshy roots of pot-grown Chlorophytum comosum Taxonomy The species has been confused with Chlorophytum capense (L.)
Intra-specific variation Cultivation C. comosum 'Variegatum' See also References Spathiphyllum. Spathiphyllum is a genus of about 40 species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas and southeastern Asia. Certain species of Spathiphyllum are commonly known as Spath or Peace Lilies. They are evergreen herbaceous perennial plants with large leaves 12–65 cm long and 3–25 cm broad. The flowers are produced in a spadix, surrounded by a 10–30 cm long, white, yellowish, or greenish spathe. The plant does not need large amounts of light or water to survive. Etymology Schott's description of the genus refers to Spatha foliaris persistens, where spatha is a spathe, and foliaris is an adjective modifying spathe, meaning relating to a leaf, and persistens means continuing or persisting.
Selected species Species include: Cultivated hybrids include: Spathiphyllum × clevelandii Cultivation and uses Several species are popular indoor houseplants. Toxicity References External links Gerbera. Gerbera viridifolia Gerbera jamesonii Gerbera (/ˈdʒɜrbərə/ or /ˈɡɜrbərə/) L. is a genus of ornamental plants from the sunflower family (Asteraceae). It was named in honour of the German botanist and naturalist Traugott Gerber († 1743) who travelled extensively in Russia and was a friend of Carolus Linnaeus. It has approximately 30 species in the wild, extending to South America, Africa and tropical Asia. Gerbera is very popular and widely used as a decorative garden plant or as cut flowers.
Gerbera is also important commercially. Gerbera ×hybrida Bouquet of Red Gerbera Daisies Species References Hansen, Hans V. External links