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Why we use discourse markers and filler words like 'um', 'like', 'you know' and 'er' So - this article is – um - about those little – er – short ‘filler’ words that people use – like – in the middle of sentences – you know?

Why we use discourse markers and filler words like 'um', 'like', 'you know' and 'er'

Yes, written down, the above sentence is incredibly infuriating. Yet, to say it aloud does not sound too different from how people talk to each other every single day. Long considered to be a sign of stupidity or ineptness, linguists are saying this is unfair. Often, the people who make these sounds, in between actual words recognised in the English dictionary, are being especially conscious of who they are talking to.

Professor Michael Handford, a professor of applied linguistics and English language at Cardiff University, says there are two main reasons people use these filler words. 48 Incredibly Short, Clean Jokes That Are Actually Funny. I am a migrant. UNILAD Sound - Macka B spitting bars about a cucumber is... 13 words to avoid if you want to sound posh. Apparently, there are words that royal family just don’t use, according to social anthropologist Kate Fox.

13 words to avoid if you want to sound posh

18 Pictures That Prove The English Language Needs To Be Stopped. Fluent LandDo You Think ENGLISH IS HARD? LUKAS - sähköinen suullisen kielitaidon arviointi lukiossa. Fluent LandSilent Letter in English Words. ESL discussion material based on TED talks. The Nubian Times - Journal. 5 interview tips to help you land that first post-university job. Queen's 90th birthday is marked at Trooping the Colour parade. Thousands of people turned out to watch the annual Trooping the Colour parade on the Queen's official 90th birthday.

Queen's 90th birthday is marked at Trooping the Colour parade

Dressed in a vivid lime green coat and matching hat, the Queen was escorted down the Mall in a horse-drawn carriage to the ceremony at Horse Guards Parade. After the parade of more than 1,600 soldiers and 300 horses, she appeared on the balcony of Buckingham Palace with members of her family, including Princess Charlotte, for an RAF flypast. Gun salutes were fired across the UK. In the afternoon, the royal barge Gloriana led a flotilla of about 50 boats in a pageant down the River Thames, carrying figures including five-time Olympic gold rower Sir Steve Redgrave. 5 Sexist Things People Need To Stop Telling Boys.

I've written quite a few articles about all the sexist things women encounter from girlhood that men and boys pretty much never have to deal with — because there are a lot of them, and they all suck.

5 Sexist Things People Need To Stop Telling Boys

In fact, the first article I pitched to Bustle was about how much I hope my nieces get to grow up in a less sexist world than I did. Until recently, however, I'd never considered writing about all the ways any future nephews or sons of mine might be verbally bullied into gender stereotypes, too. Does Speaking A Foreign Language Change Your Personality? My high school English teacher used to tell us stuff like, “Learning a foreign language changes you forever.”

Does Speaking A Foreign Language Change Your Personality?

Despite being an obvious attempt to make us passionate about her subject, her words made sense to me — the kid who quoted obscure Buffy the Vampire Slayer lines and treated Alanis Morissette’s lyrics like the word of God. After all, without a basic understanding of the English language I couldn’t have done any of that, and all those beautiful imaginary friendships would have never blossomed. Then I made it to adulthood (I think) and experienced first-hand the perks of speaking a foreign language: hitting on exotic men (whilst still using Buffy references as pick up lines #ForeverAlone) and weaseling my way into more office gossip than ever before. Split of the online self.

Barbie challenges the 'white saviour complex' Image copyright Barbie Savior Barbie has ditched her riding gear, her ball gown and her ballerina costume and travelled to Africa to help the people there, while still managing to stay fashionable.

Barbie challenges the 'white saviour complex'

That is at least according to a much talked about Instagram account, Barbie Savior, which is charting her imaginary volunteer journey. It starts with her saying farewell to her home in the US and wondering if the "sweet sweet orphans in the country of Africa" are going to love her the way she already loves them. The satirical account encapsulates what some see as the white saviour complex, a modern version of Rudyard Kipling's White Man's Burden. The Daily Show - Confused Islamophobes Target American Sikhs. Learning English: "Ough" is tough to figure out. Random Questions - Conversation Topic Generator.

StreetArtGlobe. The most difficult words to pronounce in the English language revealed – as well as the world’s favourite English tongue-twisters. “Worcestershire”.

The most difficult words to pronounce in the English language revealed – as well as the world’s favourite English tongue-twisters

“Choir”. “Sixth”. For some, these words may seem relatively normal and everyday – but to others, they represent an unrivalled linguistic challenge. Twelve phrases only british people understand. Americans have always had a bizarre fixation with the Queen (a remnant of the empire George Washington couldn’t scrub away?)

Twelve phrases only british people understand

And her birthday seems to be no different. The Queen is turning 90 this week, and it seems people abroad are more excited than many Britons themselves. But how well do people abroad actually understand Britain? Here are twelve phrases that'll be utter gobbledygook to everyone else but the British: Uk.businessinsider. Cassetteboy - Cameron's Conference Rap. Translation table explaining the truth behind British politeness becomes internet hit. The Double Vocabulary of English. Cats. Two Scots trapped in a lift is the funniest thing I've seen all day. Get Organised! Collaborative Speaking Tasks.

Image credit: www.organisemyhouse.com Follow me on twitter @RobbioDobbio This is a speaking lesson plan designed for teenagers that focuses on various exponents of suggesting, offering, agreeing and disagreeing.

Get Organised! Collaborative Speaking Tasks

Can you pronounce all the words in this poem? Most people probably can't. Dutch poet Gerard Nolste Trenité wrote a colossal poem containing about 800 bizarre irregularities in the English language.

Can you pronounce all the words in this poem? Most people probably can't

Written in 1922, the poem reads part tongue twister, part instruction manual. It begins: Dearest Creature in creation Study English pronunciation. If you can pronounce correctly every word in this poem, you will be speaking English better than 90% of the native English speakers in the world. After trying the verses, a Frenchman said he’d prefer six months of hard labour to reading six lines aloud, and we’ll be honest with you, we struggled with parts of it. Dearest creature in creation, Study English pronunciation. I will teach you in my verse Sounds like corpse, corps, horse, and worse.

How Posh Is Your Vocabulary. Phonetics Focus - A Sound Choice. The Film '8' These 15 countries speak English as a second language best. Nearly two billion people - that's almost one in three people - study English as a non-native language. In the developing world, English is less of a foreign language skill and more a tool synonymous with development, expanding a country's economy and increasing its connectedness to the rest of the world. And for small countries with few native-language speakers, it also makes sense to learn a little of the world's lingua franca for business and policy making.

The English Proficiency Index has just released statistics on where English is learned around the world and quality of teaching to find the countries with the highest proficiency of English as a second language: Four Nordic countries and the Netherlands come top of the rankings, with at least 65 per cent of the population fluent in English. Other European nations dominate the rest of the list. The only non-European countries to feature are highly-developed city state Singapore, and its neighbour Malaysia, as well as Argentina.

Smack the Pony - The insensitive English teacher. Broadcast Yourself. These Are The False Things Foreigners Always Think About Other Countries. 15 Pie Charts That Explain How Awkward British People Are. SOML. Italy rescues 600 migrants from Mediterranean. Italy has rescued about 600 migrants in six operations, one in cooperation with Maltese authorities, in the past 24 hours, the country's coastguard told Al Jazeera. The Guardian - Are the Greens a voice for the voiceless? Here are the funniest 'global stereotype' maps. Unless you've been living in a cave for the last few years, you've definitely seen (and laughed at) the wildly popular 'global stereotype' maps. The man behind them is Bulgarian artist Yanko Tsvetkov, who told i100.co.uk he started making the satirical maps for fun when trying to explain European geopolitics to friends from abroad.

Yanko said the maps he put up on Flickr "accidently" went viral, and based on the interest, he decided to expand the project. It was so popular it ended up spawning two books called Atlas of Prejudice Volumes 1 and 2, and Yanko has just finished a third which unveils "new fascinating landscapes of human bigotry. " Giving Opinions. How to speak Aussie? Abbreviate everything. Why we should all watch Caitlyn Jenner's moving ESPYs acceptance speech. Prince Charles 'black spider' memos reveal lobbying of Tony Blair. A cache of secret memos sent by Prince Charles to senior UK ministers has finally been published, following a 10-year freedom of information battle between the Guardian and the government. The letters reveal that Charles lobbied ministers, including former prime minister Tony Blair, on a wide range of issues including agriculture, the armed forces, architecture and homeopathy.

So You're About To Become A Minority... FRENCHMAN LEARNING ENGLISH (PINK PANTHER) A tour of the British Isles in accents. The Daily Mail Song. 2nd Largest Nationality Living In Each European Country. Map by reddit user JimWillFixIt69 The map above shows the flag of the 2nd largest nationality, by country of birth, living in each European country.

Thus, it may include citizens and those who have moved temporarily for work. Nevertheless, there are many surprises, such as: Ireland is no longer the largest source of foreign born residents to the UK. Since 2011, they’ve dropped to 4th, behind India, Poland and Pakistan. Controversially, the map author decided to include Kurdistan as a separate nation. Finally, because I know somebody is going to mention it, the United kingdom is treated as single country in the map above in keeping with the Countries in the International Organization for Standardization. Free Comedy One Act Plays (short scripts)