New species roundup: Kew’s 2016 discoveries. Fungal findings The 22 new species of fungi published by Kew scientists included an oyster mushroom, thought to be capable of ensnaring nematodes (roundworms), currently known only from marram grass of British, French & Irish sand dunes: Hohenbuehelia bonii published by Ainsworth, Martinéz & Dentinger.
This was discovered as part of the Lost & Found Fungi (LAFF) project sponsored by the Esmée Fairburn Foundation. Five of the newly discovered species are entirely underground, truffle-like ectomycorrhizal fungi found on the roots of rain forest trees, mainly in Cameroon. These new species are in the genus Elaphomyces, and the new genus Kombocles (Bryn Dentinger and colleagues). Bryn image.png Elaphomyces favosus fruiting bodies from the Dja forest (Image: B. Meanwhile 16 species of Cortinarius toadstools were published by Tuula Niskanen and Honorary Research Associate (HRA) Kare Liimatainen: all from the deciduous and evergreen forests of northern Europe and North America. Thumbnails. Morphing Mushroom Identifier. Sex, Death and Mushrooms. Photo The forest air is sweet and winy with decay.
It’s raining hard. I wipe drops of cold water from the tip of my nose, open an umbrella and ready myself for a walk with my old friend Nick, emeritus professor of the history of science and amateur mycologist. For the last 15 years I’ve accompanied him on autumn mushroom hunts; today we’re visiting Thetford Forest, in Suffolk. Both of us carry trugs, traditional English wooden baskets of willow and sweet chestnut, to hold what we will find. Hunting for mushrooms can feel surprisingly like hunting animals, particularly if you’re searching for edible species. Continue reading the main story All around me now,invisible and ubiquitous,is a huge network offungal life, millions oftiny threads growing andstretching among trees. Mushrooms are the fruiting bodies of fungi that live as networks called mycelia, made up of tiny branching threads. I am not very good at identifying fungi, but I am getting better. Earth - Ten of the UK’s most stunning fungi. Autumn is the season to be amazed by the myriad of fungal fruiting bodies that are on show.
And who would have thought that our little island could be home to such colourful and exotic-looking fungi as these beauties? So if you're out and about in the next few weeks, why not see how many of them you can spot? Scarlet waxcap (Hygrocybe coccinea) Also known as the scarlet hood, this classically shaped mushroom can be a fairly frequent find on cropped grassland and in woodland clearings; it also occurs on old lawns and parks and in some well-managed churchyards. It's a striking find from late summer to early winter. Earth - Six bizarre things about fungi. Fungi gave us alcohol It’s impossible to write an article praising fungi without first thanking Kingdom Fungi for getting early humans drunk.
One group of fungi, the yeasts, generates their energy through a process called fermentation. Yeasts take sugar from plants, and break it down into a compound they can use for energy, along with the byproducts carbon dioxide and alcohol. Humankind’s obsession with alcohol goes back much earlier than was previously believed Alcohol poisons most microbes. When harmful microbes perish, humans have a better chance at thriving. In fact, some researchers, such as biomolecular archeologist Patrick McGovern, think early humans started growing and storing grains not because people wanted more bread, but because they wanted more alcohol. McGovern is the Scientific Director of the Biomolecular Archaeology Project for Cuisine, Fermented Beverages, and Health at the University of Pennsylvania Museum in Philadelphia, US.
Mushrooms make their own wind. Earth - The largest living thing on Earth is a humongous fungus. Italian chef Antonio Carluccio says it is delicious with spaghetti and red chilli.
But to gardeners it is a menace that threatens their hedges, roses and rhododendrons. The parasitic and apparently tasty honey fungus not only divides opinions; it is also widely seen as the largest living organism on Earth. More precisely, a specific honey fungus measuring 2.4 miles (3.8 km) across in the Blue Mountains in Oregon is thought to be the largest living organism on Earth. Several species of fungi belong to the Armillaria genus, which is popularly known as honey fungus.
They colonise and kill a variety of trees and woody plants. The large clumps of yellow-brown mushrooms that appear above ground are the fruiting bodies of much larger organisms. However, it is only in recent years that scientists have discovered quite how large these can get. Tree killers In 1998 a team from the US Forest Service set out to investigate the cause of large tree die-offs in the Malheur National Forest in east Oregon.
Fungus: the stuff of life. It seems apt that mushrooms are made from the same stuff as insects – chitin – because, like insects, they have a gift for sudden appearance.
One moment nothing, then, as if on wings, they descend everywhere. We must acknowledge that this fungal sense of the dramatic relies partly on us. We simply fail to notice something so lowly, so brown, so inhuman, and yet so fundamental to life, until it does something eye-catching.