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Ethnobotany

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Natural History Spiritualized: Civilizing Islanders, Cultivating Breadfruit, and Collecting Souls. The evolution of ethnobotany. Jonathan Ferrier: (Ojibwe introduction) Aanii, boozhoo, Jonathan Ferrier nindizhinikaaz Anishinaabeinini .

The evolution of ethnobotany

I’m a professor of biology at Dalhousie University. (Fade in music) Jonathan Ferrier: I take the tradition of studying the world around me from my father, and enjoy passing those traditions on to my daughter and sharing them with my First Nation — the Mississaugas of the Credit. Lauren Leffer: Jonathan Ferrier is Indigenous, of the Anishinaabe people. He’s also an ethnobotanist. Lauren Leffer: In her work to identify plants to study and analyze, Cassandra relies on local community collaborators, who share their knowledge of useful plants.

Plant of the Month: Cinnamon. Today, most medicines are produced by big pharmaceutical companies.

Plant of the Month: Cinnamon

Black Bears, Black Liberation - Patagonia. What’s in a name? Revisiting medicinal and religious plants at an Amazonian market. Medicinal plants at the Ver-o-Peso Our results give an up-to-date botanical inventory of the VOP, one of the largest open markets in South America, which is often quoted in ethnobotanical review studies [11, 14, 18].

What’s in a name? Revisiting medicinal and religious plants at an Amazonian market

Likewise, we were able to complement other medicinal plant market surveys in the area that differ in species composition and richness [8, 19, 20], providing a more accurate idea of the present diversity of medicinal plants in the area. Although subject of a previous ethnobotanical study [1], comparison with our intensive market inventory resulted in differing degrees of overlap in species assembly and nomenclature. The differences in the species inventory we found compared to Van den Berg [1] may be caused by social or medical factors, such as the incidence of certain diseases for which our newly recorded plants are used for healing.

Plant names preserved Substantial transformations in social and environmental factors are needed for plant names to change.

Decolonization

Ethnobotanical Assembly. Food. Kew. Materia Medica. Schultes. Reshaping the future of ethnobiology research after the COVID-19 pandemic. Ina Vandebroek: a revolution is needed in how we communicate and collaborate The COVID-19 crisis shows a real need for better mainstreaming of scientific facts and important lessons learned from ethnobiology research to counter the spread of misinformation.

Reshaping the future of ethnobiology research after the COVID-19 pandemic

This amplified communication strategy will also drive much-needed continued attention to urgent global challenges many ethnobiologists are studying, ranging from the worldwide decline in biological and cultural diversity to health disparities faced by immigrant communities in urban environments. Ethnobiologists are doing a great job of communicating to their peers. What is ethnobotany? What is ethnobotany and why does it matter?

What is ethnobotany?

Ethno (as in ‘ethnic’) refers to people, culture, a culture’s collective body of beliefs, aesthetic, language, knowledge, and practice. Botany is the study of plants—from the tiniest fern or blade of grass to the tallest or oldest tree. Botany includes all the wild plants and the domesticated species. Domesticates are species that we humans have selected over time from the wild plant species, then tamed and trained to optimally produce for us: food, fibers, medicine, materials, and more. TeachEthnobotany. From maker to museum: Polynesian barkcloth at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew - Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew research repository.

Sue Spaid, Bees, Art and Biodiversity - The Learned Pig. This is an edited version of the transcript from Be Biodiverse: Bees, Art and Diversity, a talk given by Sue Spaid in September 2020, part of an event organised by by Eksjö museum in Sweden.

Sue Spaid, Bees, Art and Biodiversity - The Learned Pig

Click here to watch the talk, or read on… Biological diversity depends on human diversity. ~ Bob Bye Introduction. ByeJrLinares. Wild plants' little-known uses captured in Food of the Forest project. Imagine if your fruits and vegetables, beauty products, medicine and most of what you need in life came from the local forest outside your house.

Wild plants' little-known uses captured in Food of the Forest project

This may seem like a dream back to a time before global shipping and infrastructure for mass production came into existence. But for many local and Indigenous communities around the world, it’s still a reality, with knowledge that’s been passed down for generations on how to use plants to make everything from dyes to cockroach repellant. Food of the Forest, a project by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), combines art and science to give readers a glimpse into this ancestral know-how.

Forgotten forests: a journey to see the forests most often overlooked. This story is the first of the Landscape News series Forgotten Forests.

Forgotten forests: a journey to see the forests most often overlooked

Let’s start at the beginning – or, at least the beginning according to what evidence we have. The world’s first trees are believed to be the Archaeopteris, fern-like trees that grew into 10-meter-high forests across the terrestrial Earth some 360 million years ago during the Late Devonian Period. Rather than producing seeds, Archaeopteris reproduced by releasing spores. Their woody architecture developed to absorb the stress of branches, and novel root systems laid the literal groundwork for future forest ecosystems. Promoting social and environmental justice to support Indigenous partnerships in urban ecosystem restoration - Hall - - Restoration Ecology.

Flore d'Afrique centrale. The Desperate Quest for American Cinnamon. From pumpkin spice lattes to apple pies, ’tis the season for cinnamon.

The Desperate Quest for American Cinnamon

But, as linguist and historian Andrew Dalby makes clear, our obsession with the flavor today is nothing compared with Europeans’, who centuries ago went to extreme and horrific lengths in search of the spice. More than 2,500 years ago, Dalby writes, cinnamon—native to east and southeast Asia—was available in the Mediterranean. But it was very expensive.

Its origin was mysterious to people there. The ancient Greek author Herodotus told his readers that cinnamon was brought to Arabia by large birds who used it to build nests high in the mountains. Regrounding Practice, Unsettling Knowledge — The Ethnobotanical Assembly. Guest editor Dr.

Regrounding Practice, Unsettling Knowledge — The Ethnobotanical Assembly

Maximising Synergy among Tropical Plant Systematists, Ecologists, and Evolutionary Biologists. D.F. Ward, et al.More from ecologists to support natural history museums Trends Ecol. Evol., 30 (2015), pp. 373-374 M. Schilthuizen, et al.Specimens as primary data: museums and ‘open science’ Trends Ecol. Watering the Gardens of the Grandmother of Plants — The Ethnobotanical Assembly. Revolutionary archaeology reveals the deepest possible Anthropocene. Humanity’s transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture is one of the most important developments in human and Earth history.

Human societies, plant and animal populations, the makeup of the atmosphere, even the Earth’s surface – all were irreversibly transformed. When asked about this transition, some people might be able to name the Neolithic Revolution or point to the Fertile Crescent on a map. Becoming Sensor in the Planthroposcene: An Interview with Natasha Myers. I’m working in my own garden right now, alongside many other people around the world who have started Covid-19 gardens.

View of The Central Role of Taxonomy in the Study of Neotropical Biodiversity. Kim Walker. Four Noble Plants in Chinese Culture Part 2: Orchid – Stories from the Museum Floor. In today’s Story from the Museum Floor Fang continues to examine some of the plants in our botanical collections that have a special place in traditional Chinese culture. For more about our botany collections here at the Manchester Museum take a look at the curator’s blog. And to see more Chinese plants, have a look at our digital exhibition of British Museum touring spotlight Loan: A Ming Emperor’s Seat. Manchester Museum’s hello future redevelopment will include the Lee Kai Hung Chinese Culture Gallery. Heritage Futures – UCL Press. Centuries After Their Loss and Theft, Native American Seeds Are Reuniting With Their Tribes. Open House London 2019 - Royal Holloway, University of London. For Kew’s contribution to Open House London this year, the Mobile Museum team reclaimed the building which once housed the world’s first Museum of Economic Botany.

Sebestian Kroupa on Global Histories of Science and Medicine in the Early Modern Philippines – The Global History Podcast. To view the images below in full-screen, click on them to open the gallery. Biocultural Collections and Participatory Methods: Old, Current, and Future Knowledge. Viviane Stern da Fonseca-KruelLuciana MartinsAloisio CabalzarClaudia Leonor López-GarcésMárlia Coelho-FerreiraPieter-Jan van der VeldWilliam MillikenMark Nesbitt. How practice in plant collection influences interactions with illustrations and written texts on local plants? A case study from Daghestan, North Caucasus.

First we will present the results and discussion regarding types of interaction with text and illustrations, then we will present methodological implications. Knowledge about plants was important for all of our interlocutors, even those who have little practice in plant collection. Twists, turns and trade: A new look at the Indian Screw tree (Helicteres isora) Ethnopharmacological relevance This is the first study of global trade in fruits of the widely used traditional medicine, Helicteres isora L. It is used in Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani medical systems and/or local folk traditional medicines in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. The roots are used in Traditional Chinese Medicines in China and the fruits in jamu products in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand.

In addition, H. isora fruits are also used in "traditional" medical systems far beyond the natural distribution of this species, for example in Zulu herbal medicine (South Africa) and Kurdish herbal medicines (Iraq). Aims of the study. Biodiversity and Genetic Resources. Intuiting the archive — Rebecca Beinart. In the past months I've spent time in medical archives and museums, accessing collections of images, artefacts, documents and objects, sifting for stories, making unexpected connections.

Explore. Nova pesquisa sobre as coleções de Richard Spruce na Amazônia: uma colaboração Brasil-Reino Unido. Journal of the History of Collections. Ancient Tropical Trees Have Tales To Tell. Another great group today from the @UKTeaAcademy discussing our selection of compressed teas among others familiar and not... This week has highlighted the many unfamiliar and intriguing objects from @kewgardens #economicbotany collection. #tea #history. V.54-55(1964-1965) - American fern journal. On a recent field trip,I learnt that species named after places can give pride and a sense of responsibility to locals. Invaluable for conservation! This is #Calamus lambirensis, home to #Borneo's incredibly diverse #LambirHillsNP and surrounding regions.

Natural Sciences Collections Association. Search List. A colourful selection of wools dyed using various plants, including Downy Birch, Elder, Lady’s Bedstraw, Weld, Woad and Dyer’s Greenweed, from the Economic Botany Collection at @DBNherbarium @NBGGlasnevin @opwireland. Handover of Aboriginal Australian cultural material. Bolivia: Traditional knowledge hiding in plain sight.

Costa Rica: Patrimonial Botanical Knowledge. Estonian Latrine ref 2017. Ireland: Economic Botany Collection. Kenya Mapping local knowledge & climate change. N.Z.J.Ecol., Volume 43(3), 2019. USA: Indigenous North Americans before Maize.