GMO conspiracy theories - Page 9. Theography: Sketches of Spiritual Truths for a New Evangelization: Human Love in the Divine Plan. An Organic Farmer Walks Into Monsanto…And This is What Happened | Real Agriculture.com. By Rob Wallbridge, Songberry Farm, Bristol, QC. The story of how I came to be touring Monsanto starts back in late April and a blog post where I questioned the current tenor of the GMO debate. It caught the attention of Janice Person, a Social Media Director for Monsanto, who commented, “if you ever want to see what we do at Monsanto, I would love to arrange a visit.”
As luck would have it, I passed through St. Louis on the first of August, and Janice was true to her word, arranging for a personal guided tour of their research facility. It’s probably fair to say that both Janice and I experienced some trepidation as the date approached. I’d say that I arrived open-minded but skeptical. Reading the Seed The first thing I’ll say is that it’s very difficult for someone with an interest in agriculture, and especially seeds, not to be impressed with the scope, power, and potential of the research taking place at Monsanto.
Technology Racing the Bugs Seeking Acceptance Sustainability How about you? From Anti-GMO to pro-science: ‘A Layman’s Guide to GMOs’ The Lowdown on GMOs: According to Science —a book by Fourat Janabi. The Lowdown on GMOs: According to Science —a book by Fourat Janabi. Bad science in the paper ‘Hematotoxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis as Spore-crystal Strains Cry1Aa, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac or Cry2Aa in Swiss Albino Mice’ | Myles Power (powerm1985)
By: Myles Power Edited by: Peter & Hannah I have recently published an article and video sceptical of the paper ‘Long-term Toxicity of a Roundup Herbicide and a Roundup-Tolerant Genetically Modified Maize‘. This paper claims to have shown a link between genetically modified (GM) maize tolerant to the roundup herbicide and an increased risk of developing tumours. Even though I discussed the problems with the paper’s experiment in detail, how the paper did not show any such link but did show a link between drinking roundup herbicide and increased life expectancy in men, and listed reliable sources to back up my claims, some people were still not happy with me. Not with what I was saying, but, bizarrely, with the time of the publication.
“haha haha why don’t you analyze the newest studies myles, why don’t you analyze the studies that sparked entire nations to ban GMOs?” – anonymous commenter So if the paper does not investigate GM food, what does it investigate, I hear you ask. Is glyphosate toxic to humans? Wheat being harvested. Image by NDSU Ag Comm. One interesting use of G is to dry wheat before harvest. To help reduce levels of toxic fusarium fungus on wheat, it is good to harvest the wheat as early as possible but you can’t harvest it until it’s dry.
So G is used to dry (aka kill) the wheat plants so the grain can be harvested. As long as the G is sprayed after the plants have fully matured, the G won’t be moved from the plant into the seeds. Here, G is actually helping farmers prevent a legitimately scary toxin from getting into the food supply. Want to learn more? With G being used not only as a herbicide but also as a drying agent, and not just in our lawns but on our food, should we worry about our safety? The EPA sets maximum safe levels of pesticide residues for crops (called tolerances), based on the latest science. You can find the specific tolerance information for G in the US Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR, part 180, subpart C, section 180.364.
Review Citations. EU Database of Reference Methods for GMO Analysis - Joint Research Centre (JRC), European Commission. With 2000+ global studies confirming safety, GM foods among most analyzed subjects in science. All GM Foods Are Not Created Equal. The Skeptic’s Guide to the Universe is a podcast that I enjoy every week. This week, the panel discussed the topic of GM foods; and while I don’t disagree with anything they said, I did have to grit my teeth a little during the segment. In engaging the topic the way they did, they fell into the anti-GMO activist’s trap of viewing GM foods as one huge, monolithic group. This drives me nuts. All GM foods are not created equal, and when skeptics engage anti-GMO activists as if they are, they let the anti-GMO crowd frame the debate. And letting your opponent frame the debate is never a good idea. Every time I hear someone rallying against GMO foods as a collective noun, I think of Mr.
I think pharmaceuticals are a great analogy here. Let’s take the most basic division of GM food types: cisgenesis and transgenesis. When your typical non-informed activist rants about GM foods, calling them “frankenfoods,” they’re usually thinking instead of organisms produced via transgenesis. Socio-Economics, Biosafety & Decision Making | A collection of case studies, tools, knowledge, experiences, and research outputs by Jose Falck-Zepeda, colleagues at IFPRI and the Program for Biosafety Systems (PBS), and developing/developed country partne.
My second edited IFPRI book of the year is just around the corner!!! “GMO crops in Africa – Economic and policy lessons for countries South of the Sahara | Socio-Economics, Biosafety & Decision Making. The IFPRI book “GMO crops in Africa – Economic and policy lessons for countries South of the Sahara” edited by José Falck-Zepeda, Guillaume Gruere and Idah Sithole-Niang will be available for free at IFPRI’s site within a few weeks from now.
I will let you know as soon as I have a link. Here are some general lessons learned as described in the book: Opportunities for African Farmers South of the Sahara The first main lesson is that, based on available data and published studies, current GM crops have had on average a positive economic effect in African countries south of the Sahara, but the magnitude and distribution of their potential economic benefits for farmers highly depend on the crop, trait, and especially the institutional setting in which the technology is introduced. Challenges Ahead The second main lesson is that there are insufficient efforts in public and private biotechnology development in Africa, and that one of the main constraints is related to the policy environment.
Farming a Toxin To Protect Crops, Pollinators and People. The familiar teardrop eggplant, with its deep purple luster, is but one member of a large and diverse botanical family. Some eggplants are long, lean and pendulous, like smooth-skinned cucumbers. From a distance, ripening kumba eggplants are indistinguishable from miniature pumpkins. And oblong white cultivars that look like they were plucked from beneath chickens and ostriches explain the etymology of “eggplant. " Nowhere is the entire spectrum of eggplant shapes and colors more apparent or celebrated than India—the vegetable's birthplace and its second-largest producer worldwide.
To combat this vermin, farmers in India slather brinjals in organophosphates and other chemical pesticides that are known to linger in the environment, kill all kinds of beneficial insects and make people sick even at low doses—the kinds of chemicals the U.S. and many other developed countries have banned or restricted. But Indian Environment and Forests Minister Jairam Ramesh intervened. Global Regulation of GMO Crops | GMO Answers. Bringing a new GMO to market involves extensive safety and environmental reviews by regulatory bodies around the world. In addition to the review process conducted in the U.S. by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), we seek regulatory approval throughout the world. There are 74 countries that currently certify GM products for cultivation (growing), food import for people, feed import for animals and/or trials and testing.
These countries have their own rigorous certification processes. This map shows where in the world GMOs are approved for cultivation, food, feed and trial. Sources: ISAAA, Biotechnology Industry Organization, USDA Foreign Agriculture Service, Africa Biosafety Network of Expertise (ABNE). A single GM seed often goes through numerous regulatory reviews in countries all over the world. Additional Company Information. What is a GMO? An introduction | GMO Answers. How do I know which foods don’t contain GMO ingredients? Products with the “USDA Organic” label are required by law not to use GMOs in their food production. Some companies also voluntarily label products as “non-GMO.” There is a current and voluntary system for retailers to designate GMO and organic produce.
SKU Produce Look-Ups or PLUs that start with the number 8 designate GM produce and with the number 9 organic produce. This system was developed by the Produce Marketing Association. Produce Marketing Association: Produce Identification Standards Produce Marketing Association FAQ International Federation for Produce Standards: FDA Food Labeling Guide What about the Flavr Savr Tomato? The Flavr Savr tomato was the first GMO product to be available commercially in the United States in 1994. Are there any fish genes in a tomato or other plant on the market today? That is fiction not fact. You might be thinking about research that a small biotech company did many decades ago.
No GMO here. The Truth About GMOs. Mama Moses has been growing bananas on her farm in southwestern Uganda for twenty years. She farms only bananas, which is typical of subsistence farmers in Sanga, the impoverished village where she lives. Last year, when she saw the flowers on her banana plants begin to shrivel and yellow bacteria ooze from the cut stems, she knew her crop was doomed. Within months the bacterial infection turned her healthy crop into a black, wilted mess. Banana Xanthomonas wilt disease (BXW) is one of the greatest threats to banana production in Eastern Africa.
Cultural practices provide some control, but they are ineffective during epidemics. More than a thousand kinds of banana can be found worldwide, but none has robust resistance to BXW. BXW creates precisely the sort of food insecurity that affects the world’s poorest people. For anyone worried about the future of global agriculture, Mama Moses’s story is instructive. In spite of these benefits, genetic engineering is anathema to many people. The Truth About GMOs. GLP Infographic: 10 reasons we need crop biotechnology.
Effect of Stacked Insecticidal Cry Proteins from Maize Pollen on Nurse Bees (Apis mellifera carnica) and Their Gut Bacteria. Honey bee pollination is a key ecosystem service to nature and agriculture. However, biosafety research on genetically modified crops rarely considers effects on nurse bees from intact colonies, even though they receive and primarily process the largest amount of pollen. The objective of this study was to analyze the response of nurse bees and their gut bacteria to pollen from Bt maize expressing three different insecticidal Cry proteins (Cry1A.105, Cry2Ab2, and Cry3Bb1). Naturally Cry proteins are produced by bacteria (Bacillus thuringiensis). Colonies of Apis mellifera carnica were kept during anthesis in flight cages on field plots with the Bt maize, two different conventionally bred maize varieties, and without cages, 1-km outside of the experimental maize field to allow ad libitum foraging to mixed pollen sources.
Figures Editor: Kostas Bourtzis, International Atomic Energy Agency, Austria Received: November 2, 2012; Accepted: February 15, 2013; Published: March 22, 2013 Introduction. Stakeholder Consultation on Animal Feeding Studies and in-vitro Studies | GRACE FP7. GRACE evaluates various types of animal feeding studies and alternative methods (in-vitro and in silico studies) to determine their suitability for human health risk assessments of GM food and feed. The first stakeholder workshop in Vienna (3-4 December 2012) focused particularly on 90-day animal feeding trials.
GRACE partners and representatives from competent authorities, civil society organizations and industry discussed draft plans for the design, conduct and analysis of such studies. Other topics were possible options and constraints for animal feeding studies with an extended time frame and the choice and designs of current in-vitro approaches. The workshop results and written comments received from stakeholder will be considered for developing and refining the plans for these studies.
Details on the consultation procedure are described in the consultation report. Presentations given at the workshop: 90-day Feeding studies - Test Material 90-day Feeding Studies - Design and Analysis. Alexander J. Stein. See on Scoop.it - Ag Biotech News Protecting wildlife while feeding a world population predicted to reach 9 billion by 2050 will require a holistic approach to conservation that considers human-altered landscapes such as farmland, according to Stanford researchers.
Wildlife and the natural habitat that supports it might be an increasingly scarce commodity in a world where at least three-quarters of the land surface is directly affected by humans and the rest is vulnerable to human-caused impacts such as climate change. But what if altered agricultural landscapes could play vital roles in nurturing wildlife populations while also feeding an ever-growing human population?
A new study… finds that a long-accepted theory used to estimate extinction rates, predict ecological risk and make conservation policy recommendations is overly pessimistic. The theory drives the default strategy of conserving biodiversity by designating nature reserves. Home | GRACE FP7. French Anti-Biotech Protests Achieve A Glorious State of Sheer Lunacy. The fallacy of natural food: “Waiter, there’s a gene in my soup!” Results of a 13 week safety assurance study with rats fed grain from glyphosate tolerant corn.
A 104-Week Feeding Study of Genetically Modified Soybeans in F344 Rats. A 52-Week Feeding Study of Genetically Modified Soybeans in F344 Rats. Landes Bioscience. Anti-GM corn study reconsidered: Séralini finally responds to torrent of criticism. Types of Pesticides. University student scientist view of crop biotech safety critics: Where’s the beef? History of Agricultural Biotechnology: How Crop Development has Evolved | Learn Science at Scitable. Mutations (Figure 2) are changes in the genetic makeup of a plant. Mutations occur naturally and sometimes result in the development of new beneficial traits. In 1940, plant breeders learned that they could make mutations happen faster with a process called mutagenesis.
Radiation or chemicals are used to change the plant's DNA, the basic molecular system of all organisms' genetic material. The goal is to cause changes in the sequence of the base pairs of DNA, which provide biochemical instructions for the development of plants. Resultant plants may possess new and desirable characteristics through this modification of their genetic material. During this process, plant breeders must grow and evaluate each plant from each seed produced. Figure 2: The effects of genetic mutations in carrots. More than 2,500 plant varieties (including rice, wheat, grapefruit, lettuce and many fruits) have been developed using radiation mutagenesis (FAO/IAEA, 2008). 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Home | Genetic Literacy Project. I Love Monsanto! GenPeace: Failure to demonstrate any harm from Cry proteins on mice: comments on Mezzomo et al., 2013. The B. thuringiensis spore crystal (source: reference at the end of the post) Bélin Mezzomo and collaborators from the Department of Genetics and Morphology, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Brasilia, Brasilia/DF, Brazil, have recently published a paper entitled “Hematotoxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis as Spore-crystal Strains Cry1Aa, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac or Cry2Aa in Swiss Albino Mice”.
The paper lacks important controls and uses very large spore concentrations in a force-feeding experiment using mice. Some comments on the paper can be found below, as well as a link to the paper: Initial comment The paper is biased against modern agriculture, in general, as can be easily grasped from the first sentence of the introduction. Some comments on the methodology Bt spores are widely used in agriculture. The language used in the paper is not clear. The table format used to present the hematological effects is confusing. Nematode 18S rRNA gene is a reliable tool for environmental biosafety assessment of transgenic banana in confined field trials - Online First. Information on relatedness in nematodes is commonly obtained by DNA sequencing of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region.
However, the level of diversity at this locus is often insufficient for reliable species differentiation. Recent findings suggest that the sequences of a fragment of the small subunit nuclear ribosomal DNA (18S rRNA or SSU), identify genera of soil nematodes and can also distinguish between species in some cases. A database of soil nematode genera in a Ugandan soil was developed using 18S rRNA sequences of individual nematodes from a GM banana confined field trial site at the National Agricultural Research Laboratories, Kawanda in Uganda. The trial was planted to evaluate transgenic bananas for resistance to black Sigatoka disease. Search for relatedness of the sequences gained with entries in a public genomic database identified a range of 20 different genera and sometimes distinguished species. Biotech Traits. Guest Post: Why I’m Through with Organic Farming « Random Rationality. Current Biology - The psychology of GMO.
KC - CropBiotech Update - Special Edition (5/8/2013) Specials : Nature. Time to call out the anti-GMO conspiracy theory. The Muddled Debate About Pesticide Use And GM Crops. Major suspects for bee colony collapse disorder --namely insect viruses-- are widespread among pollinating insects in general. Highly contagious honey bee virus transmitted by mites - News releases - News. Researchers: Honeybee deaths linked to seed insecticide exposure. Critiques envers Séralini. GMOs Are A Pesticide Sponge And Other Weird Tales Of Gilles-Eric Seralini | Web Log 2012.
Food and Chemical Toxicology - Long term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize. Monsanto's GM Corn And Cancer In Rats: Real Scientists Deeply Unimpressed. Politics Not Science Perhaps? Impact of Genetically Engineered Crops on Farm Sustainability in the United States.
Information Systems for Biotechnology News Report. Apr0803.pdf (application/pdf Object) Extra2.pdf (application/pdf Object) A Rebuttal : Collide-a-Scape. Economic impacts and impact dynamics of Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) cotton in India. 12(2): Bt Cotton in India: Development of Benefits and the Role of Government Seed Price Interventions. Sterile pest could do away with Bt cotton in Arizona. What's New? - ICGEB. Starved for Science : How Biotechnology Is Being Kept Out of Africa. GMO Pundit a.k.a. David Tribe. Alexander J. Stein - Bringing light in the discussion about GMOs? Alexander J. Stein - Just a short bibliography on farmer suicides in... Genetic Roulette – Section 1 | Academics Review. Look Beyond the Scientific Veneer of a GMO Report : Collide-a-Scape. Genetic Roulette | Academics Review. The likelihood of pollen from GE cotton causing harm to the environment is about as likely as a poodle escaping into the wild – Tomorrow's Table.
GM Food And Urban Myths.