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Ethics and sustainability

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New Economics Foundation. Benefit corporation. In the United States, a benefit corporation or B-corporation is a type of for-profit corporate entity, legislated in 28 U.S. states, that includes positive impact on society and the environment in addition to profit as its legally defined goals. B corps differ from traditional corporations in purpose, accountability, and transparency, but not in taxation. The purpose of a benefit corporation includes creating general public benefit, which is defined as a material positive impact on society and the environment. A benefit corporation’s directors and officers operate the business with the same authority as in a traditional corporation but are required to consider the impact of their decisions not only on shareholders but also on society and the environment.

In a traditional corporation, shareholders judge the company's financial performance; with a B-corporation, shareholders judge performance based on how a corporation's goals benefit society and the environment. History[edit] Purpose. H&M on Conscious Materials. Seeing a sustainable future - Alex Steffen. Birmingham City University - Sign In. Is Fashion a Credible Platform for Protest? LONDON, United Kingdom — Last week in Paris, Chanel appropriated the visual signifiers of feminist protest for its seasonal runway show.

In a finale led by Karl Lagerfeld, a bevy of supermodels took to a catwalk christened “Boulevard Chanel” holding signs with slogans such as “History is Her Story,” “Make Fashion Not War,” and “Tweed Is Better Than Tweet.” On the same day in Hong Kong, a genuine protest was underway. Protesting for the right to democratically elect a candidate of their own choosing, tens of thousands of Hong Kongers formed crowds that throbbed and swelled in the city’s streets. Playing out against this backdrop, the “faux-test” staged on Boulevard Chanel rang especially hollow, repackaging political riot as a light-hearted, Instagram-savvy performance.

We think it can. Over the course of a career spanning more than three decades, Jean Paul Gaultier has used the fashion show format to address the socially and politially charged issues of female empowerment and beauty. Lord Nicholas Stern: The state of the climate — and what we might do about it. 100 People: A World Portrait. Picture this complex world simply - the world as 100 people. 7 billion of us share this planet. Who are we? What do we look like? What can we learn from others? MissionThe 100 People Foundation helps students to better understand the complex issues facing our planet and the resources we share. By framing the global population as 100 people, our media makes education more engaging and effective, and improves students' abilities to remember and relate to what they learn. Vision We are traveling the globe to meet and create portraits of the 100 people representing all 7 billion of us sharing the planet.

Educational Impact Teachers from schools on every continent have used our media to enrich their lesson plans and engage students in learning about the world population — starting with their neighborhood. IF THE WORLD WERE 100 PEOPLE UPDATED. Truth to Materials. What is RAW for the Oceans? Captain Paul Watson: RAW for the Oceans Ambassador. People's Climate March: thousands demand action around the world - as it happened | Australia news. Emma Thompson, who has recently returned from a trip to the Arctic with Greenpeace, has been talking to Andrew Marr on the BBC.

Marr asks what concerns her most about climate change. “I’ll tell you exactly what it was, it’s the water marks left by the glacial mess the sides of the valleys where they were once great... You forget that glaciers retreat but they also lose mass,” she says. Marr asks her what she says to climate sceptics and people who argue the melting of the Arctic will make the world richer as natural resources are opened up. Thompson responds: What can people do, Marr asks, to which Thompson says: Go on the march, I’ll be there and speaking. She says David Cameron has “absolutely” abandoned the passion for the green agenda that he showed during his “vote blue, go green” years. Want to find out more about Thompson’s Arctic journey? Floods, forest fires, expanding deserts: the future has arrived | Environment | The Guardian. Climate change is no longer viewed by mainstream scientists as a future threat to our planet and our species.

It is a palpable phenomenon that already affects the world, they insist. And a brief look round the globe certainly provides no lack of evidence to support this gloomy assertion. In Bangladesh, increasingly severe floods – triggered, in part, by increasing temperatures and rising sea levels – are wiping out crops and destroying homes on a regular basis. In Sudan, the heat is causing the Sahara to expand and to eat into farmland, while in Siberia, the planet's warming is causing the permafrost to melt and houses to subside.

Or consider the Marshall Islands, the Pacific archipelago that is now struggling to cope with rising seas that are lapping over its streets and gardens. Even the home of the country's president Christopher Loeak is feeling the effects. "Our airport retaining wall that keeps the saltwater out of the landing strip has also been breached. Cotton production linked to images of the dried up Aral Sea basin | Guardian Sustainable Business | The Guardian. What do the catwalks of Paris have to do with 25,000 miles of exposed sea bed thousands of miles to the east? While all eyes have been fixed on designer collections and members of the front row, the true cost of the fashion industry has been revealed in a shock announcement by NASA that the Aral Sea in Central Asia has now completely dried up.

The Aral Sea was once the world’s fourth largest lake, home to 24 species of fish and surrounded by fishing communities, lush forests and wetlands. While the lake was salt water, the rivers that fed it were fresh water. In the 1950’s the Soviet Union began using the rivers to irrigate the surrounding agricultural area, a process that has been continued to this day by Uzbekistan’s brutal dictator Islam Karimov. The exposure of the bottom of the lake has released salts and pesticides into the atmosphere poisoning both farm land and people alike. The two issues – of environmental destruction and forced labour – are intrinsically linked. Satellite images show Aral Sea basin 'completely dried' A large section of the Aral Sea has completely dried up for the first time in modern history, according to Nasa. Images from the US space agency’s Terra satellite released last week show that the eastern basin of the Central Asian inland sea – which stretched across Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan and was once the fourth largest in the world – was totally parched in August.

Images taken in 2000 show an extensive body of water covering the same area. “This is the first time the eastern basin has completely dried in modern times,” Philip Micklin, a geographer emeritus from Western Michigan University told Nasa. “And it is likely the first time it has completely dried in 600 years, since Medieval desiccation associated with diversion of Amu Darya to the Caspian Sea.” In the 1950s, two of the region’s major rivers – the Amu Darya and and the Syr Darya – were diverted by the Soviet government to provide irrigation for cotton production in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, starving the Aral. Pollution May Be Promoting Lethal Tumors In Turtles. Pollution from urban areas and farms in Hawaii may be contributing to a tumor-forming disease in endangered sea turtles, a new study has found.

According to the researchers, nitrogen in runoff gets stored in the turtles’ food and consequently gives sleepy herpesviruses the fuel they need to cause the often fatal tumors that have afflicted sea turtle populations for decades. The work has been published in PeerJ. Fibropapillomatosis (FP) is an often fatal tumor-forming disease that affects sea turtles across the globe. Previous work identified DNA from a group of viruses called alpha-herpesviruses in these tumors, but not in adjacent healthy tissues. It has recently emerged that the amino acid arginine might play a significant role in the life cycle of herpesviruses. Since it is known that plants can store excess nitrogen in arginine, researchers wondered whether the same might be true for algae. Read this next: What Are The Odds Of You Becoming Exactly You? World's wildlife population halved in just 40 years - life - 30 September 2014.

Enjoy them while you can. Only half the world's animals are left compared with 40 years ago, mainly because of habitat destruction either by locals for farming or by the multinational mineral and timber trades. The biennial Living Planet Report, released this week by conservation charity WWF, tracked the fate of 10,000 vertebrate species around the world between 1970 and 2010.

It found that the total population of fish, birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles has declined by 52 per cent in only two generations of humans. Latin America saw the steepest decline, with animal populations falling by 83 per cent. Animals living in fresh water also fared badly, plummeting by 76 per cent.

"The majority of species extinctions and declines are being driven by human pressures on the environment, both international and local," says Sam Turvey of the Institute of Biology at the Zoological Society of London, who helps run a scheme to protect unusual species. More From New Scientist Promoted Stories. Ecouterre | Eco-fashion, green design, sustainable style.

Flood Wall Street: Photos from the Front Lines. Monday, after the historic 400,000 People's Climate March (PCM) the day previous, over 4,000 students, professors, scientists, activists, journalists, and others marched on Wall Street to demand an end to capitalism. With the hashtag "FloodWallStreet" the photos and stories from this march have trended Facebook, Twitter, and other social media sites all week. The protestors and their demands were simple: end the capitalistic system that is not only vastly accelerating global climate change, but disproportionately affecting members communities on the front lines of extreme energy extraction. Before the Flood, speakers included impacted front line residents like youth activist Ta’Kaiya Blaney who explained that recently in her community oil sludge trailing ponds spilled into two of the world’s biggest salmon runs.

Following the People’s Climate March, #FloodWallStreet was one of the first steps of humanity taking bold action on climate change. All photos by Spencer H. Johnson. Ethical Trading Initiative | Respect for workers worldwide. Ifixit. Detox: How People Power is Cleaning Up Fashion. Post Recycle Dry by Nudie Jeans - The Movie. Photo: The Eternal Embrace | Grand Challenge.