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Fifty psychological and psychiatric terms to avoid: a list of inaccurate, misleading, misused, ambiguous, and logically confused words and phrases | Educational Psychology. “If names be not correct, language is not in accordance with the truth of things.” (Confucius, The Analects) Scientific thinking necessitates clarity, including clarity in writing (Pinker, 2014). In turn, clarity hinges on accuracy in the use of specialized terminology. Clarity is especially critical in such disciplines as psychology and psychiatry, where most phenomena, such as emotions, personality traits, and mental disorders, are “open concepts.” Open concepts are characterized by fuzzy boundaries, an indefinitely extendable indicator list, and an unclear inner essence (Pap, 1958; Meehl, 1986).

Many writers, including students, may take the inherent murkiness of many psychological and psychiatric constructs as an implicit license for looseness in language. For at least two reasons, issues of terminology bear crucial implications for the education of forthcoming generations of students in psychology, psychiatry, and related domains. Inaccurate or Misleading Terms (1) A gene for. YooouuuTuuube. 27 captivating documentaries that are all essential viewing. SeaWorld announced changes this week to the treatment of orcas at their theme parks, a move influenced by the 2013 documentary Blackfish which explored the risks and ethical implications of keeping killer whales in captivity. The decision is testimony to how powerful documentaries can effect change - and with that in mind we've rounded up 27 of the most groundbreaking films released in the last few years. Block book three days off work to get through all of them.

We dare you. This gripping documentary breaks down the events that have led to three separate deaths at SeaWorld California caused by a male whale Tilikum, who was captured off the coast of Iceland in 1983. Available on Netflix. Six weeks before winning Miss World in 1998 aged 18, Israeli Linor Abargil was raped. Abargil spoke out, taking her rapist to court before becoming a campaigner against sexual violence. Watch it here. Get showtimes here. Watch it here. Watch it here. Watch it here. Watch it here. Watch it here. Watch it here. Gangsters, geezers and guns: the men behind Britain’s booming low-budget crime-flick industry | Film. Darren, sales manager at a plastics firm in Milton Keynes, is a force to be reckoned with in the British film industry. In part, he’s the reason why British crime cinema – low-budget, morally dubious and about as disreputable as it’s ever been – is the genre that refuses to die.

At least, Darren would if he actually existed. Darren, it turns out, is a theoretical construct; an audience archetype identified by Jezz Vernon, managing director of distribution outfit Metrodome, the people who released recent examples of the form such as The Guvnors, St George’s Day and The Fall of the Essex Boys. “We always talk about the buyer of a film,” says Vernon. “For someone like Darren, there’s a certain boredom about his existence, and the attraction to gangsters or football hooligans has a certain aspirational element to it.

It might sound worrying, but we liken it to music: the mainstream in UK music has always liked poetic thugs, from Byron to Liam Gallagher. Is the left in Britain still alive and well? | Politics. Rosie Rogers, 28, and I are sitting in a tipi outside her office in Highbury, London. (She works for Greenpeace as a political adviser – of course they have a tipi.) I’m on a quest to find the British left, because it’s become apparent no one quite knows where it has gone, or what it looks like. Far from a beating heart, these days it is made up of many small organisations. “You know the Brownies,” Rogers asks. “You have all those patches? We have so many patches. Quick glossary: Reclaim the Power is a grassroots environmental movement; Focus E15 is the housing protest that started when Newham council in London tried to shunt some single mothers out of a hostel to private rentals 100 miles away (it started tiny, but now has 10,000 supporters); UK Feminista does what it says; UK Uncut, which has a network of 80,000 people, opposes corporate tax avoidance and austerity measures, in whatever way they think will work.

Rogers has been involved with UK Uncut since the start. That’s the left. How to turn small talk into smart conversation. Imagine almost any situation where two or more people are gathered—a wedding reception, a job interview, two off-duty cops hanging out in a Jacuzzi.

What do these situations have in common? Almost all of them involve people trying to talk with each other. But in these very moments where a conversation would enhance an encounter, we often fall short. We can’t think of a thing to say. Or worse, we do a passable job at talking. We stagger through our romantic, professional and social worlds with the goal merely of not crashing, never considering that we might soar. We at What to Talk About headquarters set out to change this. Ask for stories, not answers One way to get beyond small talk is to ask open-ended questions.

Instead of . . . Try . . . Break the mirror When small talk stalls out, it’s often due to a phenomenon we call “mirroring.” Mirrored example: James: It’s a beautiful day! See? Non-mirrored example: James: It’s a beautiful day! See? Leapfrog over the expected response. Chart-topping rocks: UK's 'Greatest Geosites' announced. The Geological Society of London has named its top 100 geological sites in the UK and Ireland, including 10 "people's favourites".

The island of Staffa in the Inner Hebrides was the most popular "adventurous" site; its basalt columns form dramatic shapes including famous Fingal's Cave The list, compiled into an online clickable map, marks the start of Earth Science Week. Categories for the popular vote included landscapes, outcrops and coastlines, as well as industrial and educational sites. Stonehenge, Glencoe and Scarborough's Rotunda Museum were among the winners.

The remarkable formations exposed at Millook Haven in Cornwall were voted the top "folding and faulting" site The society took public nominations for its list of top "geosites", which are described as "anything which highlights the importance of geology to our lives". More than 400 different suggestions flooded in, mostly via social media. More than 1,200 people then voted in the poll. Autumn is going to be beautiful this year in the UK: here's where to visit - UK - Travel. Simon Toomer, Director at the Forestry Commission’s National Arboretum at Westonbirt, Gloucestershire, said the warm start to autumn, twinned with the recent rain, is an ideal combination of conditions for maintaining sugar levels so that leaves remain on trees for longer to develop their autumnal shades. Lovers of autumn scenery need not travel to New England to witness the kaleidoscope of colours that characterises the fall season, because there is plenty on offer here in the UK.

Whether you are looking for the wilderness of the Lake District, a Welsh castle, a 2,500 acre park in the capital, a Scottish hedge from 1745, or the manicured lawns of a landscape garden in Yorkshire, there are lots of sites to choose from. The Independent Travel Offers: Short Breaks in England from £65pp Loading gallery Autumn in the UK: where to visit 1 of 10.

What are the 10 greatest political songs of all time? | May 2015: UK Election Guide. What are the greatest political films, novels and songs? Over the summer we asked two dozen of the New Statesman‘s leading contributors to recommend a choice. They could choose between any art form. Together they chose nearly a dozen novels, and half as many songs and films. We will be publishing their ideas across different lists throughout the week. As we put together their contributions, we asked our readers to weigh in on a list of music we compiled five years ago. The two popular selections have been kept, and two more of their choices added, making a list of ten. William Blake’s Jerusalem (1916) Jerusalem is the colloquial title for a poem by William Blake set to a tune by Hubert Parry. One critic memorably said that the first verse is a series of questions to which the answer is “no”

. — Lucy Winkett; priest, writer. Billie Holiday’s Strange Fruit (1939) Strange Fruit would sit comfortably in a list of the top 20 songs of all time, let alone the 20 most political. Great miscalculations: The French railway error and 10 others. Image copyright Reuters The discovery by the French state-owned railway company SNCF that 2,000 new trains are too wide for many station platforms is embarrassing, but far from the first time a small mis-measurement or miscalculation has had serious repercussions. The French fiasco has been blamed by SNCF on the national rail operator RFF. But sometimes there is no-one else to share responsibility. Here are 10 examples where a little error has proved very expensive, or even fatal. 1. Image copyright AP Designed to orbit Mars as the first interplanetary weather satellite, the Mars Orbiter was lost in 1999 because the Nasa team used metric units while a contractor used imperial. 2.

Image copyright AFP In 1628, crowds in Sweden watched in horror as a new warship, Vasa, sank less than a mile into her maiden voyage, with the death of 30 people on board. 3. In 1983, an Air Canada flight ran out of fuel above Gimli, Manitoba. 4. Image copyright NASA 5. 6. Image copyright PA 7. What is sea level? 8. Pulp Fiction review – Tarantino's mesmeric thriller still breathtaking 20 years on | Film. You can smell a person's SEX: Humans subconsciously identify gender using the subtle odour of pheromones.

Previous studies found both men and women produce sex pheromones New research has found these pheromones trigger our subconsciousDuring tests, men could correctly identify the smell of a womenWhile gay men were equally able to distinguish the sex smell of men By Victoria Woollaston Published: 16:56 GMT, 1 May 2014 | Updated: 23:05 GMT, 1 May 2014 Research found sex pheromones trigger our subconscious and men, in particular, are able to sniff out the gender they're attracted to. Stock image If you remove deodorant, perfume and the smell of washed clothes, all of us give off a unique and distinctive scent - especially when we're on the lookout for a mate. Previous studies have found genders produce sex pheromones, but new research has discovered these pheromones trigger something in our subconscious.

Researchers found we are able to sniff out the gender of the sex we're attracted to. However it wasn’t clear whether those chemicals were truly acting as sexual cues. How to win at rock-paper-scissors. Henry Miller Colombia death: Body 'was abandoned' on road. 27 April 2014Last updated at 15:12 GMT Henry Miller's body was found by a road outside Mocoa in the Putumayo area Police in Colombia say the body of a man from Bristol who died after taking part in a tribal ritual had been "abandoned" on a remote forest road. Henry Miller, 19, died after apparently consuming a traditional hallucinogenic drink known as yage. Police said two men on a motorcycle tried to take Mr Miller to hospital when he became ill, but he died on the way and they left him at the roadside. Colombian authorities said the cause of death was "not definitely established". Putumayo police commander Ricardo Suarez said Henry Miller's health "deteriorated" after consuming the traditional drink Police commander Ricardo Suarez said: "The first hypothesis is an excessive consumption of this traditional drink - yage - native to indigenous communities.

" He said Mr Miller's health deteriorated following the drink and a local shaman in the Putumayo region sent him off for medical help. Does a baby's name affect its chances in life? 11 April 2014Last updated at 03:15 ET By William Kremer BBC World Service When parents spend hours poring over baby name books they may imagine that their choice will have a major impact on their child's life. But do names make a difference? Two recent books put this idea under the microscope. Choosing a name for a child is complicated. Dalton Conley and his wife Ellen were halfway through this pleasant but painstaking process when their baby girl was born, two months premature. "We had narrowed down the selections to a bunch of E- names, but we couldn't ultimately decide," says Conley, who lives in New York. And so, E was born.

E Harper Nora, Dalton and Yo Xing Heyno Augustus Eisner Alexander Weiser Knuckles Conley "I have been called a child abuser online," says Dalton Conley, the author of Parentology: Everything You Wanted to Know about the Science of Raising Children but Were Too Exhausted to Ask. But more recent work has presented a mixed picture. Continue reading the main story. Where everyone in the world is migrating—in one gorgeous chart - Quartz. It’s no secret that the world’s population is on the move, but it’s rare to get a glimpse of where that flow is happening.

In a study released in Science, a team of geographers used data snapshots to create a broad analysis of global migrations over 20 years. The study was conducted by three geographic researchers from the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital in Vienna. The researchers presented their data in five-year increments, from 1990 to 2010. Their research is unique, because it turned static census counts from over 150 countries into a dynamic flow of human traffic.

Migration data is counted in two ways: Stock and flow. Keeping accurate account of where people are moving has stymied the UN, and researchers and policy-makers in general, for a while. Last year, however, the UN brought stock data from nearly 200 countries into harmony by erasing the methodological seams between them. It’s not the poorest who migrate the most A few other noteworthy results:

Are you braver than the average Briton? UK's top 13 fears revealed - Home News - UK. Yet if pressed to stand up to the 13 things that most scare the UK public, would you be able to come away saying you could brush off all of them? A new survey has been released which reveals the things that most scare the British public, from a majority who are at least a little afraid of heights to a significant minority who suffer from cynophobia – a fear of dogs.

YouGov presented more than 2,000 people with an unlucky 13 common phobias, asking them to rate their fear of each from “not at all” to “very afraid”. The survey found that heights are the biggest fear of all for British people, with a massive 58 per cent of respondents saying they suffer from acrophobia or “vertigo” to some degree. While that’s not necessarily surprising – gravity can be a killer, after all – more than a quarter of the public said they were inexplicably afraid of mice. Loading gallery In pictures: Britain's biggest fears “All are not created equal when it comes to fears,” YouGov’s William Jordan said. Secretion secrets: things you didn’t know about ear wax. 15 March 2014Last updated at 20:41 ET By Paula McGrath Health Check Earwax is one of those bodily substances which few of us like to discuss in polite company. Like other secretions, it is something that most of us deal with in private.

Yet it also holds a fascination for many. In the past, it has been used as a lip balm and salve for puncture wounds. But it can do a little more than that. Here are five things you - probably - didn't know about ear wax. 1. The cul-de-sac of the ear canal The cells inside the ear canal are unique in the human body - they migrate. If this didn't happen the mini cul-de-sac of the ear canal would soon fill up with dead cells created by the natural process of skin shedding.

This movement also propels the wax - produced by the modified sweat glands which line the ear canal - towards the outside. 2. Cerumen or ear wax secreted by a gland in the ear canal Ear wax contains waxy oils but much of it is made up of keratinocytes - dead skin cells. 3. 4. 5. Top five Generation X anthems. Who, What, Why: How does a snake eat a crocodile?

Prince to charge $10 for live shows. Easter egg hunt: Seven secrets of the world wide web. Time traveling photographer adds herself into her childhood pictures. The mystery of the most fatal week of the year. 20 online dating cliches - and what they really mean. We need to talk about TED | Benjamin Bratton. Learn To Learn. General Assembly launches Dash, a Codecademy-style site that teaches you to code. Calorie burner: How much better is standing up than sitting? How much can an extra hour's sleep change you? Secret London: eight London shrines. Viewpoint: The good side of lying. A Point of View: Why people sometimes prefer lies to the truth. Clubland UK: the state of the nation. Eye Direction and Lying - How to detect lies from the direction of an individual's gaze / visual accessing cues.

7 billion people and you: What's your number? How to spot a murderer's brain | Science | The Observer. Why do identical twins end up having such different lives? | Science | The Observer. 10 gross ingredients you didn't know were in your food. How to spot a murderer's brain | Science | The Observer.

The-world-as-100-people-infographic.png (1370×1370) A Point of View: Chess and 18th Century artificial intelligence. 15 Tips & Tricks To Get More Out Of Google Drive. The World Is Not Enough: Google and the Future of Augmented Reality - Alexis C. Madrigal. James Bond: Cars, catchphrases and kisses. Will 2013 be the year of the phablet as phone screens grow bigger? | Technology. The next great platform war is coming ... to your wrist. Male Y chromosome extinction theory challenged. The myth of the eight-hour sleep. Speed and the city: meet the Adderall-addled adults of New York | Arwa Mahdawi. Steve Jobs Was Not God. How to maximise your memory | Life and style | guardian.co.uk. Laser-magic. Mystery of the wishing trees studded with coins that ¿can take illness away from the sick¿ Cloonboo : Flying People in New York City.

Other games - The Scale of the Universe 2. European Users Overwhelm Facebook With Data Requests. 2011: The Year Beyond Words. You're Bored? That's So AWESOME. Humans Are Truly Amazing! Video.