Historical Geography of Transportation: The Emergence of Mechanized Systems Transportation is closely linked with the process of globalization. Efficiently distributing freight and moving people has always been an important factor for maintaining the cohesion of economic systems from empires to modern nation states and economic blocs. With technological and economic developments, the means to achieve such a goal have evolved considerably with a series of historical revolutions and evolutions. This process is very complex and is related to the spatial evolution of economic systems and associated technical developments.
Beltway bandits Beltway bandit is a term for private companies located in or near Washington, D.C. whose major business is to provide consulting services to the US government. The phrase was originally a mild insult, implying that the companies preyed like bandits on the largesse of the federal government, but it has lost much of its pejorative nature and is now often used as a neutral, descriptive term. History Top 30 think tanks in the world 2011 The latest report of global think tanks rankings was released by the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania's International Relations Program on January 20 this year. This annual report, named "The 2011 Global Go To Think Tank Rankings," the fifth edition of the kind, contains the most comprehensive rankings of the world's top think tanks, which has been described as the insider's guide to the global marketplace of ideas. A total of 6,545 think tanks in the world were contacted and encouraged to participate in the nominations process, and a group of over 6000 scholars, journalists, policymakers, public and private donors, think tanks, and regional and subject area specialists were involved. The nominations and rankings were based on the detailed set of criteria, including the think tanks' production of rigorous and relevant research, publications, and programs in one or more substantive areas of research. Fraser Institute Establishment: 1974
NBC Cancels Everything Today in show business news: NBC is cleaning house while CBS is adding more clutter, including a Robin Williams/Sarah Michelle Gellar show. Yes, you read that right. RELATED: 'CBS This Morning' Says Goodbye to Erica Hill, Hello to Norah O'Donnell Mutual assured destruction Aftermath of the atomic bomb explosion over Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 Mutual assured destruction, or mutually assured destruction (MAD), is a doctrine of military strategy and national security policy in which a full-scale use of high-yield weapons of mass destruction by two opposing sides would cause the complete annihilation of both the attacker and the defender. It is based on the theory of deterrence where the threat of using strong weapons against the enemy prevents the enemy's use of those same weapons. The strategy is a form of Nash equilibrium in which neither side, once armed, has any incentive to initiate a conflict or to disarm. Theory The doctrine of Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD) assumes that each side has enough nuclear weaponry to destroy the other side; and that either side, if attacked for any reason by the other, would retaliate without fail with equal or greater force. This MAD scenario is often referred to as nuclear deterrence.
Home Teachers helping to build Afghanistan’s future 04.02.2016 – Modern teaching methods communicate not only knowledge but also the ability to solve problems and engage in critical thinking. GIZ and the Afghan Ministry of Education have together embarked on a fundamental overhaul of the country's education system. African Union Summit: New prospects through cooperation 04.02.2016 – A peaceful and sustainable Africa – that is the vision of the African Union. GIZ is supporting the AU on this path. 50 Common Cognitive Distortions 3. Negative predictions. Overestimating the likelihood that an action will have a negative outcome. 4. UKUSA Agreement The United Kingdom – United States of America Agreement (UKUSA, /juːkuːˈsɑː/ ew-koo-SAH) is a multilateral agreement for cooperation in signals intelligence between the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. The alliance of intelligence operations is also known as Five Eyes. In classification markings this is abbreviated as FVEY or the countries are listed like AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL, USA. Emerging from an informal agreement related to the 1941 Atlantic Charter, the secret treaty was renewed with the passage of the 1943 BRUSA Agreement, before being officially enacted on 5 March 1946 by the United Kingdom and the United States. In the following years, it was extended to encompass Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Other countries, known as "third parties", such as West Germany, the Philippines and several Scandinavian countries also joined the UKUSA community. History
Opportunities Opportunities for Young Professionals Programme Assistants - For Quakers and those in sympathy with Quaker ideals who have recently completed an undergraduate degree, this year-long service involves everything from attending UN meetings to report writing, research, event planning and routine administration in QUNO's offices in Geneva or New York. Learn more about becoming a Programme Assistant. General Opportunities Governance - The Committees that oversee our work are made up of Quakers who volunteer to take on this guidance role. Learn more about our governance and finance.Outreach Presentations - We can organize a presentation explaining QUNO’s work to groups of Quakers or others of any age. Dumb As A Rock: You Will Be Absolutely Amazed At The Things That U.S. High School Students Do Not Know Are we raising the stupidest generation in American history? The statistics that you are about to read below are incredibly shocking. They indicate that U.S. high school students are basically as dumb as a rock.
NetLogo Home Page NetLogo is a multi-agent programmable modeling environment. It is used by tens of thousands of students, teachers and researchers worldwide. It also powers HubNet participatory simulations.