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Verbs and Verbals. Auxiliary || gerunds || infinitives || irregular || linking || mood || auxiliary || participles || phrasal || causative || factitive ||sequence || tense There are separate sections on Definitions Verbs carry the idea of being or action in the sentence. I am a student. The students passed all their courses. As we will see on this page, verbs are classified in many ways. Although you will seldom hear the term, a ditransitive verb — such as cause or give — is one that can take a direct object and an indirect object at the same time: "That horrid music gave me a headache. " Verbs are also classified as either finite or non-finite. The truck demolished the restaurant.The leaves were yellow and sickly.

Non-finite verbs (think "unfinished") cannot, by themselves, be main verbs: The broken window . . . Another, more useful term for non-finite verb is verbal. Four Verb Forms The inflections (endings) of English verb forms are not difficult to remember. Linking Verbs Those people are all professors. Mood.

Linking_verbs.pdf (application/pdf Objeto) Linking Verbs. A verb indicates the time of an action, event or condition by changing its form. Through the use of a sequence of tenses in a sentence or in a paragraph, it is possible to indicate the complex temporal relationship of actions, events, and conditions There are many ways of categorising the twelve possible verb tenses. The verb tenses may be categorised according to the time frame: past tenses, present tenses, and future tenses. Verb Tense: Time The four past tenses are the simple past ("I went")the past progressive ("I was going")the past perfect ("I had gone")the past perfect progressive ("I had been going") The four present tenses are the simple present ("I go")the present progressive ("I am going")the present perfect ("I have gone")the present perfect progressive ("I have been going") Note that the present perfect and present perfect progressive are a present not past tenses -- that idea is that the speaker is currently in the state of having gone or having been going.

Verb Tense: Aspect. The Linking Verb. Linking verbs do not express action. Instead, they connect the subject of the verb to additional information about the subject. Look at the examples below: Keila is a shopaholic. Ising isn't something that Keila can do. Is connects the subject, Keila, to additional information about her, that she will soon have a huge credit card bill to pay. During the afternoon, my cats are content to nap on the couch. The following verbs are true linking verbs: any form of the verb be [am, is, are, was, were, has been, are being, might have been, etc.], become, and seem. Sylvia tasted the spicy squid eyeball stew. This substitution will not work for appear.

Swooping out of the clear blue sky, the blue jay appeared on the branch. Gerunds and Infinitives. What is a Gerund? A gerund (often known as an -ing word) is a noun formed from a verb by adding -ing. See also Nouns/Gerund. Not all words formed with -ing are gerunds. You've probably been using them for years. What is the infinitive? An infinitive is to + the verb.

The most famous infinitive quote has to be, "To be or not to be. Gerunds and infinitives are forms of verbs that act like nouns. When a verb follows a verb it either takes the gerund or infinitive form. Some verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive with no loss of meaning. For example: With the verb start - "It started to rain. " or "It started raining. " Sometimes the use of the gerund or infinitive changes the meaning of the sentence. With the verb remember - "I remembered to do my homework". or "I remembered doing my homework. " In the first sentence (I remembered to do my homework), the person speaking remembered they had some homework first and then carried out the action and did it. Gerunds after Prepositions. Modal Article – Identifying Modals in Context. Modal Article Identifying Modals In Context The Recording Industry vs.

Music Pirates Text of Article Programs such as Napster and Gnutella allow you to download MP3 files from other people's hard drives without paying a penny to the artist or entertainment industry. With a Napster client such as Macster (or the Mac-compatible Furi client for Gnutella) and a broadband Internet connection, Mac users can download an album's worth of MP3 files in less than an hour. This leads us to the second factor: high-speed Internet access. The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), an industry group that represents major record labels, filed suit against Napster. How does this affect you? It might put Napster out of business, and if you're a devoted Napster user, this is certainly sad news. Should the recording industry wish to get personal and go after individuals--and you engage in this kind of file trading--it's possible that you'll be taken to task (prosecuted) for your actions. Practice 1. Phrasal Verb Dictionary.

To look up a phrasal verb, click a letter in the menu. The formats below are used in phrasal verb definitions.separable verbs: (talk * into)inseparable verbs: (run into +)object can be in both positions: (look * up +) 1. A phrasal verb is a verb plus a preposition or adverb which creates a meaning different from the original verb. Example: I ran into my teacher at the movies last night. run + into = meet He ran away when he was 15. run + away = leave home 2. Some phrasal verbs are intransitive. An intransitive verb cannot be followed by an object.

Example: He suddenly showed up. 3. Example: I made up the story. 4. Example: I talked my mother into letting me borrow the car. 5. Example: I ran into an old friend yesterday. 6. Example: I looked the number up in the phone book. 7. Example: I looked the number up in the phone book. Also try our Verb + Preposition Dictionary to look up standard verb + prepostion combinations. Your personal online English school. Two-Part (Phrasal) Verbs (idioms) Verbs Followed by Infinitives. Irregular Verb Page.'s Irregular Verb Dictionary for English learners contains over 370 irregular verbs used in modern English. To view our Extended Irregular Verb Dictionary, which contains over 470 verbs including rare and antiquated forms, Click Here. Alternate forms are separated by /. The first form listed is the most commonly used. [More info]Forms which are primarily used in British English are in italics. [More info]To view a definition of the verb, click on the infinitive form.To learn more about confusing forms, click on the information link [?].

Flashcards & Exercises | About Dictionary Your personal online English school. English Irregular Verb Flashcards - Modal Verbs - Glossary Definition. Verbs Followed by Gerunds. Modal Verbs. Click here for all the exercises about modal verbs Here's a list of the modal verbs in English: Modals are different from normal verbs: 1: They don't use an 's' for the third person singular. 2: They make questions by inversion ('she can go' becomes 'can she go?

'). 3: They are followed directly by the infinitive of another verb (without 'to'). Probability: First, they can be used when we want to say how sure we are that something happened / is happening / will happen. For example: It's snowing, so it must be very cold outside.I don't know where John is. Ability We use 'can' and 'could' to talk about a skill or ability. She can speak six languages.My grandfather could play golf very well.I can't drive.Click here to find out more about ability. Obligation and Advice We can use verbs such as 'must' or 'should' to say when something is necessary or unnecessary, or to give advice. Permission We can use verbs such as 'can', 'could' and 'may' to ask for and give permission. Habits Past modals.

Modal Summary. Grammar-Quizzes › Verb Phrases › Verb Groups › Modals Summary of Practices Modal Diagnostic: identify specific points that need review Quiz 1: beginning – intermediate Quiz 2: intermediate – advanced Will / Might: express varying degrees of certainty Beg—Inter. Polar bears will perish. (100% certain) They might not survive in the arctic.

(< 50% certainty) Will / Would: express attitudes of determination, unwillingness or failure I will win this singing contest! The judges won't let me sing another song. I would have done better, but my voice cracked. Be going / Will: express immediate vs scheduled future events I am going to text Brad the news. I will call Jill tomorrow to see how she is. We are going to go to the movies. We are going to come home. Will be -ing: express future activities with focus on the flow of time Beg–Adv ESL We will be working in this area. Will you leave now? Do you intend to be staying long? Modals—Scheduled Events (Present & Future) Beginning ESL I will get there around noon. Perfect Modals Ppt Presentation. Slide 1: Used to give possible reasons why something happened or didn’t happen in the past.

Perfect Modals may have... might have... could have... must have... Part 1 : Part 1 May have . . . Might have . . . Why didn’t John come out to lunch with us yesterday? Why didn’t John come out to lunch with us yesterday? Why was Tomas late to class on Monday? Why was Tomas late to class on Monday? What do you think your husband got you for your anniversary? What do you think your husband got you for your anniversary? I wonder why Susan seemed so sad yesterday I wonder why Susan seemed so sad yesterday. I wonder why the teacher wasn’t in class on Friday I wonder why the teacher wasn’t in class on Friday. Part 2 : Part 2 Must have . . . Meaning / Use: : Meaning / Use: Must have = similar to the use of may/might/could have… Must have shows more certainty than may/might/could have… Use must have + past participle to show a strong probability Comparison: may/might/could have… versus must have… : Slide 17: