"Soft" Sciences

Facebook Twitter

The First Successful Demonstration Of Brain-To-Brain Communication In Humans. Cockatoos Learn To Make Tools By Watching Their Friends. Baumol's cost disease. Baumol's cost disease (also known as the Baumol Effect) is a phenomenon described by William J. Baumol and William G. Bowen in the 1960s.[1] It involves a rise of salaries in jobs that have experienced no increase of labor productivity in response to rising salaries in other jobs which did experience such labor productivity growth. This seemingly goes against the theory in classical economics that wages are closely tied to labor productivity changes. The rise of wages in jobs without productivity gains is caused by the requirement to compete for employees with jobs that did experience gains and hence can naturally pay higher salaries, just as classical economics predicts.

For instance, if the retail sector pays its managers 19th century style salaries, the managers may decide to quit and get a job at an automobile factory where salaries are commensurate to high labor productivity. Effects, symptoms, and therapy[edit] Thomas Piketty's Capital in the 21st Century. To sum up: modern growth, which is based on the growth of productivity and the diffusion of knowledge, has made it possible to avoid the apocalypse predicted by Marx and to balance the process of capital accumulation.

Thomas Piketty's Capital in the 21st Century

But it has not altered the deep structures of capital -- or at any rate has not truly reduced the macroeconomic importance of capital relative to labor. I must now examine whether the same is true for inequality in the distribution of income and wealth. How simple ideas lead to scientific discoveries - Adam Savage. Piketty.pse.ens.fr/files/PikettyZucman2013Slides.pdf. Thomas Piketty - capitalisback. Capital is Back: Wealth-Income Ratios in Rich Countries 1700-2010 Thomas Piketty & Gabriel Zucman List of Files - July 2013 (updated, December 2013) This research is available in two formats: long version (full-length working paper version, including data appendices), or short version (article version published in QJE, 2014).

Thomas Piketty - capitalisback

Piketty, T., and G. Piketty.pse.ens.fr/files/capital21c/en/Piketty2014TechnicalAppendixResponsetoFT.pdf. Have we been dramatically underestimating elephant intelligence? World Economic Outlook (WEO): Hopes, Realities, and Risks, April 2013 - text.pdf. Yerkes & Dodson (1908) Classics in the History of Psychology An internet resource developed by Christopher D.

Yerkes & Dodson (1908)

Green York University, Toronto, Ontario. Is Wine Bullshit? A Lafite Rothschild Bordeaux sells for a minimum of around $500 a bottle, while humble brands like Charles Shaw and Franzia sell for as little as $2.

Is Wine Bullshit?

But as far as “wine economists” are concerned, the level of correlation between the price of a bottle of wine and its quality is low or nonexistent. In a number of damning studies, they suggest that wine is not just poorly priced, but that the different tastes we describe in wine may all be in our heads. A 2008 paper in The Journal of Wine Economics, for example, found that when consumers are unaware of a wine’s price, they “on average enjoy more expensive wines slightly less [than cheap ones].”

Experts do not fare much better. Cognitive bias. Some cognitive biases are presumably adaptive.

Cognitive bias

Cognitive biases may lead to more effective actions in a given context.[7] Furthermore, cognitive biases enable faster decisions when timeliness is more valuable than accuracy, as illustrated in heuristics.[8] Other cognitive biases are a "by-product" of human processing limitations,[9] resulting from a lack of appropriate mental mechanisms (bounded rationality), or simply from a limited capacity for information processing.[10] A continually evolving list of cognitive biases has been identified over the last six decades of research on human judgment and decision-making in cognitive science, social psychology, and behavioral economics.

Cognitive biases are important to study because "systematic errors" highlight the "psychological processes that underlie perception and judgement" (Tversky & Kahneman,1999, p. 582). Overview[edit] Bias arises from various processes that are sometimes difficult to distinguish.

Types[edit] Johari window. Johari window Johari window as Venn diagram depicting intersection between a+) "Known to self" and a-) "Not known to self" on one hand, and on the other hand, b+) "Known to others" and b-) "Not known to others", with c showing the intersection containing four windows (or rooms) The Johari window is a technique created by Joseph Luft and Harrington Ingham in 1955[1] in the United States, used to help people better understand their relationship with self and others.

Johari window

It is used primarily in self-help groups and corporate settings as a heuristic exercise. When performing the exercise, subjects are given a list of 56 adjectives and pick five or six that they feel describe their own personality. Peers of the subject are then given the same list, and each pick five or six adjectives that describe the subject. World War II Did Not End the Great Depression - Art Carden. [This article originally appeared in the June 2009 issue of the Freeman as "The Great Depression and World War II.

World War II Did Not End the Great Depression - Art Carden

" How to Read Body Language to Reveal the Underlying Truth in Almost Any Situation. Kinja is in read-only mode.

How to Read Body Language to Reveal the Underlying Truth in Almost Any Situation

We are working to restore service. It's a holistic thing. If you see someone displaying several of these they might be lying. Just leaning away might be about comfort, but leaning away, looking away and giving too many details might indicate dishonesty. Hilarious Experiment On Monkeys. New study says American families are overwhelmed by clutter, rarely eat together, and are generally stressed out about it all. Euro 2012: les tirs au but ne sont pas une loterie. «Roulette russe» ou «loterie»: si vous entendez ces mots à la télévision pendant un des sept derniers matches de l'Euro, c'est sans doute que, comme cela est déjà arrivé à treize reprises depuis 1976, il se termine par une séance de tirs au but.

Euro 2012: les tirs au but ne sont pas une loterie

Les data en forme. Dans la veille des journalistes de données d'OWNI cette semaine, carbonisez-vous un peu les yeux sur les cartographies puis partagez les doutes de nos confrères de la presse britannique avant d'explorer les fonds sous-marins et les encoignures des web-séries...

Les data en forme

Les data en forme, c'est le rendez-vous hebdo du data-journalism. Une cartographie, des données sur les émissions de CO2, un titre plutôt bateau : The Carbon Map n’avait a priori pas grand chose pour attirer notre attention. Mais nous aurions eu tort de passer notre chemin : créée à l’occasion du concours de la Banque mondiale “Apps for climate”, ce projet concilie visualisation limpide et traitement en profondeur du sujet – et ce n’est pas si fréquent.

The Carbon Map utilise la technique de l’anamorphose qui modifie les frontières et donc le poids des pays selon son classement sur un indicateur précis. Les métadata de Wikipédia Restons dans la cartographie. Jer Thorp: Make data more human. Who Lived in Your House in 1940? Here’s a splendid diversion if you’re a data nerd, a history buff, or even just like good detective work: Tell the story of the family that lived in your house in 1940. A bit more background. If you are in the United States, you probably remember participating in the Decennial Census in 2010. These forms are kept confidential for 72 years—roughly an average American’s life span. But this same rule means that today (actually, a couple of days ago), the 1940 Census results became public information. The good folks at the National Archives have scanned all of these census forms, and put them all online.

My friend Sue Dynarski alerted me to all this, and issued the 1940 Census Challenge. Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection - UT Library Online. The Project Gutenberg eBook of Buccaneers and Pirates of Our Coasts, by Frank Richard Stockton.


The God issue: New science of religion. (Image: Richard Wilkinson) 10 biggest puzzles of human evolution. Cookies on the New Scientist website close. Language. Philosophy. Droit. Economie. Appinions. Maslow Self Actualization - unlearn. "Self Actualization is the intrinsic growth of what is already in the organism, or more accurately, of what the organism is. " Abraham Maslow Maslow studied healthy people, most psychologists study sick people. The characteristics listed here are the results of 20 years of study of people who had the "full use and exploitation of talents, capacities, potentialities, etc..

" Self-actualization implies the attainment of the basic needs of physiological, safety/security, love/belongingness, and self-esteem. Paul Ekman. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Paul Ekman, né le , est un psychologue américain. Paul Ekman. F.A.C.E. Training. With 50 years of research and innovative study - Dr. Détection des mensonges. Bonjour et bienvenue dans ce nouvel article qui traitera essentiellement du test du logiciel de Paul Ekman et des micro expressions dont vous avez certainement entendu parler dans la série diffusée actuellement en France et qui se nomme Lie to Me. Le logiciel m’a été gracieusement prêté par une amie résident aux états unis et qui s’était acheté ce CD pour s’amuser. Aussi est-ce une vieille version qui date de 2003, mais il me semble que sur le site de Paul Ekman il y a une autre version mais qui est exclusivement on-line .

Résultats Google Recherche d'images correspondant à. Michael Sandel. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sandel. Michael Sandel. Barry Schwartz on the paradox of choice. Ancestry5_large.jpg (3000×1536)


Des images dans la tête… Bon, je vous fais l'impasse sur ces chercheurs du CERN qui ont réussi à faire voyager des neutrinos plus rapidement de 6km/s que la vitesse de la lumière. Même si c'est une découverte importante, cela reste encore à vérifier et c'est pas avec ça qu'on va voyager dans le futur (enfin, pas encore quoi...). Non, je préfère vous causer de cette découverte faite par des chercheurs de Berkeley, qui ont mis au point une technique à base d'imagerie par résonance magnétique fonctionnelle, permettant de représenter les images telles qu'elles apparaissent dans notre cerveau dérangé.

En gros, ils ont diffusé des heures et des heures de vidéos Youtube à des cobayes (humains, hein...), tout en enregistrant leur activité cérébrale. Puis ils ont mis au point un modèle permettant de traduire cette activité cérébrale en formes, bords, mouvements, couleurs. The Easter Island “Heads” Have Bodies. Maybe this isn’t a newsflash to anyone but me, but, um, the Moai “heads” on Easter Island have bodies.