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African Americans in United States History - Continued

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Black History Pages. | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed. KETK NBC. List of landmark African-American legislation. Congressional Legislation[edit] Bills not passed[edit] Bills signed into law[edit] U.S. Constitutional Amendments[edit] Federal court and court decisions[edit] Federal courts[edit] United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit Decisions[edit] Executive Orders and Proclamations[edit] Emancipation Proclamation (1862) - Issued by President Abraham Lincoln.

Federal bureaucracy[edit] Important Organizations and Individuals[edit] See also[edit] Matusevich. The Oddment Emporium, Drapetomania, or the Disease Causing Negroes to... 1937-1938: Portraits of African-American former slaves. Doing History in Buncombe County. Printer-friendly version Each year, thousands of North Carolina students study slavery as part of the North Carolina and U.S. history curriculum. It’s not an easy topic—in fact, many educators shy away from teaching about slavery beyond the bare minimum requirements. But in Buncombe County, North Carolina, the chance discovery of a cache of slave deeds led to an opportunity for students to move beyond textbooks and worksheets and connect with individuals who lived in their own community during slavery. It didn’t make the topic any easier, but it did lead to a community-wide collaboration that has connected Buncombe residents more deeply to their past and made them participants in history.

The Buncombe County Slave Deeds Project Fostering agency is a central component of social justice education. With support from the Z. It wasn’t long before Eric Grant, a curriculum specialist for the Buncombe County Schools district, took note of the project and extended its reach. Future Pathways. Black History Month: Gaspar Yanga | The Mash. When students learn about slavery in school, a lot of them often ask this question: “Why didn’t they fight back?” It’s a question that often remains unanswered because lesson plans don’t always address the grittier elements of history, particularly the slave trade. But they did fight back.

And one of them, Gaspar Yanga, changed history forever. Often referred to as the “first liberator of the Americas,” Yanga was a leader of a slave rebellion in Mexico during the early period of Spanish colonial rule around 1570. Taking refuge in the difficult terrain of the highlands, Yanga and his people built a small maroon colony, or “Palenque”—a community of runaway slaves living on mountaintops. Spanish troops, numbering around 550, set out from Puebla in January 1609. Upon the approach of the Spanish troops, Yanga sent terms of peace, including an area of self-rule. Additional conditions were also met, including: 1. >> Contributed by Raymond Ward, DuSable Museum of African American History. Comments. Friends Disappear: The Battle for Racial Equality in Evanston, Barr. Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City, Drake, Cayton, Pattillo. Melvin Ely, “Israel on the Appomattox: A Southern Experiment in Black Freedom from the 1790s Through the Civil War” (Vintage Books, 2004)

Freedom's Ballot: African American Political Struggles in Chicago from Abolition to the Great Migration, Garb. Crucibles of Black Empowerment: Chicago's Neighborhood Politics from the New Deal to Harold Washington, Helgeson. Retracing Boston’s African American History. ‘The Condition of Black Life Is One of Mourning’ The decision not to release photos of the crime scene in Charleston, perhaps out of deference to the families of the dead, doesn’t forestall our mourning.

But in doing so, the bodies that demonstrate all too tragically that “black skin is not a weapon” (as one protest poster read last year) are turned into an abstraction. It’s one thing to imagine nine black bodies bleeding out on a church floor, and another thing to see it. The lack of visual evidence remains in contrast to what we saw in Ferguson, where the police, in their refusal to move Michael Brown’s body, perhaps unknowingly continued where Till’s mother left off.

After Brown was shot six times, twice in the head, his body was left facedown in the street by the police officers. Whatever their reasoning, by not moving Brown’s corpse for four hours after his shooting, the police made mourning his death part of what it meant to take in the details of his story. Photo Anti-black racism is in the culture. A ‘black hero’ for the Philippines -, Philippine News for Filipinos. THE densely forested area around the Rio de la Pampanga River was a scene of great bloodshed. Dozens of Filipinos lay dead, massacred by the advancing US forces. It was August 1899, when Filipino Insurrectos under Gen. Maximino Hizon were making a futile stand against the vastly superior American army. In a few weeks, Hizon would be captured. He would be replaced by another Pampango general, Jose Alejandrino. An incredible story? During the course of the battle, two factors would change Fagen? On Nov. 17, 1899, Fagen defected to the side of the Insurrectos.

Fagen? With the ? In the following months, Fagen would become the object of a relentless manhunt by the US army. On Dec. 5, 1901, Anastacio Bartolome, a Tagalog hunter, delivered to US authorities a sack containing a partially decomposed head of a ? Was it possible that Fagen faked his own death by colluding with Bartolome? A year later, the US army closed its Fagen files, noting ? What would have become of David Fagen? George M. The 150th Anniversary of the United States Colored Troops. Today’s blog post comes from archives specialist Jackie Budell. On May 22, 1863, the War Department issued General Orders 143, establishing a Bureau of Colored Troops in the Adjutant General’s Office to recruit and organize African American soldiers to fight for the Union Army. With this order, all African American regiments were designated as United States Colored Troops (USCT). Today marks the 150th anniversary of the USCT, and the National Archives is pleased to announce the completion of the USCT Service Records Digitization Project.

In partnership with Fold3, the project provides online access to all service records—more than 3.8 million images—of Union volunteers in USCT units. From May 22 to 31, the digital collection will be free on . (All National Archives collections on can always be viewed for free at any National Archives facility nationwide .) Edmund Delaney was a slave who served in Company E of the 117th USCT Infantry. USN Ships - USS Mason (DE-529) USS Mason, a 1140-ton Evarts class destroyer escort, was constructed at the Boston Navy Yard, Massachusetts. She was commissioned in March 1944 with a largely African-American enlisted complement.

Mason was employed on convoy escort duties in the Atlantic and Mediterranean through the remainder of World War II. In the early post-war months, she served as a training and experimental ship. Mason decommissioned in October 1945 and was sold for scrapping in March 1947. USS Mason was named in honor of Ensign Newton Henry Mason, USNR, a pilot with Fighting Squadron Three, who was killed in action during the Battle of Coral Sea, 7-8 May 1942.

For more images see USS Mason (DE-529), part 2 Click photograph for a larger image. USS Mason (DE-629) is seen in the background of the following view of the launching of another ship: Other images of USS Mason (DE-529), are available at the National Archives. War Department General Order 143: Creation of the U.S. Colored Troops (1863) The War Department issued General Order 143 on May 22, 1863, creating the United States Colored Troops. By the end of the Civil War, roughly 179,000 black men (10 percent of the Union Army) served as soldiers in the U.S. Army, and another 19,000 served in the Navy. The issues of emancipation and military service were intertwined from the onset of the Civil War. News from Fort Sumter set off a rush by free black men to enlist in U.S. military units.

They were turned away, however, because a Federal law dating from 1792 barred Negroes from bearing arms for the U.S. The Lincoln administration wrestled with the idea of authorizing the recruitment of black troops, concerned that such a move would prompt the border states to secede. As a result, on July 17, 1862, Congress passed the Second Confiscation and Militia Act, freeing slaves who had masters in the Confederate Army. Nearly 40,000 black soldiers died over the course of the war—30,000 of infection or disease. Slaves, freedmen: Civil War's forgotten spies - US news - Life. WASHINGTON — In the Confederate circles he navigated, John Scobell was considered just another Mississippi slave: singing, shuffling, illiterate and completely ignorant of the Civil War going on around him.

Confederate officers thought nothing of leaving important documents where Scobell could see them, or discussing troop movements in front of him. Whom would he tell? Scobell was only the butler, or the deckhand on a rebel sympathizer's steamboat, or the field hand belting out Negro spirituals in a powerful baritone. In reality, Scobell was not a slave at all. He was a spy sent by the Union army, one of a few black operatives who quietly gathered information in a high-stakes game of cat-and-mouse with Confederate spy-catchers and slave masters who could kill them on the spot. These unsung Civil War heroes were often successful, to the chagrin of Confederate leaders who never thought their disregard for blacks living among them would become a major tactical weakness. Jesse J.

The REAL ‘Lone Ranger’ Was An African American Lawman Who Lived With Native American Indians. The real “Lone Ranger,” it turns out, was an African American man named Bass Reeves, who the legend was based upon. Perhaps not surprisingly, many aspects of his life were written out of the story, including his ethnicity. The basics remained the same: a lawman hunting bad guys, accompanied by a Native American, riding on a white horse, and with a silver trademark. Historians of the American West have also, until recently, ignored the fact that this man was African American, a free black man who headed West to find himself less subject to the racist structure of the established Eastern and Southern states. While historians have largely overlooked Reeves, there have been a few notable works on him.

Vaunda Michaux Nelson’s book, Bad News for Outlaws: The Remarkable Life of Bass Reeves, Deputy U.S. Marshal, won the 2010 Coretta Scott King Award for best author. After the Civil War finally concluded, he married and eventually fathered ten children, making his living as a Deputy U.S. Susie King Taylor: first African American army... The Harlem Hellfighters: Fighting Racism In The Trenches Of WWI : Code Switch. Hide caption In 1917, the Harlem Hellfighters were first sent to train at Camp Whitman near Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Caanan White/Courtesy of Broadway Books Hide caption Prevented from serving alongside white U.S. soldiers, the Hellfighters instead fought in the trenches under French command. Caanan White/Courtesy of Broadway Books Hide caption German soldiers coined the nickname "Harlem Hellfighters," which became popular in the American press after newspaper accounts of Sgt.

Henry Johnson using a bolo knife to fend off German soldiers. Caanan White/Courtesy of Broadway Books Hide caption The Hellfighters wore steel Adrian helmets issued by the French army. Hide caption They returned home from Europe in 1919 to a parade along Fifth Avenue in New York City. The 369th Infantry Regiment served 191 days under enemy fire in Europe. The syncopated stylings of their regimental band, led by James Reese Europe, introduced French listeners to American jazz. 'A Powder Keg' Col. Col. Education & Resources - National Women's History Museum - NWHM. Digital History Sarah Remond was an African-American abolitionist, an eloquent orator, and inspiring leader – who made her first speech against slavery when she was just sixteen. She was born in Salem, Massachusetts, on June 6, 1826 to Nancy and John Remond as one of eight children. Massachusetts had abolished slavery in conjunction with the American Revolution, and Sarah’s mother thus was born free.

Her father came from the West Indies about 1798, and the family became very prominent in the fight against slavery. They provided a haven for escaping slaves, as slavery remained legal even in some northern states. Sarah grew up in Salem, a town that was exceptionally early to admit black children to elementary school.

Following her sincere love for education, Sarah read numerous plays, poems, and books and attended concerts and plays outside of school. Living out the rest of her life in Italy, she probably studied medicine in Florence. Taken from Young and Brave: Girls Changing History. Janet Sims-Wood, “Dorothy Porter Wesley at Howard University” (The History Press, 2014) Janet Sims-Wood View on Amazon There was once a notion that black people had no meaningful history. It’s a notion Dorothy Porter Wesley spent her entire career debunking.

Through her 43 years at Howard University, where she helped create the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, her own publishing endeavors and collecting, and her unfettered support of the researchers she encountered, Wesley devoted her entire life to the preservation of black history. Her career was once summed up as that of a “historical detective”, and the characterization is apt. But, beyond the life, there is the legacy. Timed to coincide with the centenary of the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Sims-Wood’s book is an important reminder of how much the preservation of history relies upon individuals. Finding Forever. // Little Sarah Rector, a descendant of slaves,... Sarah Bickford, from slave to owner of a water company | African American Registry. Sarah Gammon Bickford was born on Christmas Day, 1855. She was a Black chambermaid who became an administrator and entrepreneur.

She was born a slave on the Blair Plantation near Greensboro, North Carolina. After the Civil War she lived with an aunt in Knoxville, TN, and changed her last name to her aunt’s name, Gammon. In 1870, Knoxville Judge John L. During Virginia City’s gold rush, Sarah quickly found work as a chambermaid at Virginia City’s Madison House Hotel. In 1888, Stephen and Sarah Bickford acquired a portion of the water system that supplied Virginia City with drinking water. In 1902, Bickford purchased the Hangman’s Building, one of the oldest and largest structures in the town. Sarah Bickford also enrolled in a business management course through a Scranton, PA, correspondence school to become more proficient in company management. At this point, she became the only African American woman in Montana and possibly in the United States, to own a utility company.

For almost 70 years, Lucy Parsons fought for the... Lucy Ann Stanton, the first black American woman... Image obsessed, educationforliberation: Harriet Tubman and the... Women in History. Guy w/ the F tattoo. Lewis G. Clarke: Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Forgotten Hero. Image Courtesy of Carver Gayton In the article below Seattle historian Carver Clark Gayton describes his most prominent ancestor, Lewis G. Clarke, who is widely considered to be the model for one of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s main characters in her novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Here Gayton describes Clarke’s evolving relationship with Stowe and as importantly, Clarke’s role in the larger struggle against slavery.

When I was a child, my mother passed on stories to me and my siblings about Lewis G. At the time I did not appreciate the significance of Lewis Clarke’s life nor his relationship with Harriet Beecher Stowe. By the time of his death in Lexington, Kentucky in 1897, Clarke had developed an international reputation. Yet after his death Clarke disappeared from newspapers and other major print media. Clarke’s disappearance from the annals of history also came from the actions of Harriet Beecher Stowe and her family. Clarke’s own family also played a role in his later obscurity.

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