Urban Legends. Urban legend. An urban legend, urban myth, urban tale, or contemporary legend, is a form of modern folklore consisting of stories that may or may not have been believed by their tellers to be true. As with all folklore and mythology, the designation suggests nothing about the story's veracity, but merely that it is in circulation, exhibits variation over time, and carries some significance that motivates the community in preserving and propagating it.
Despite its name, an urban legend does not necessarily originate in an urban area. Rather, the term is used to differentiate modern legend from traditional folklore in pre-industrial times. For this reason, sociologists and folklorists prefer the term contemporary legend. Urban legends are sometimes repeated in news stories and, in recent years, distributed by e-mail.
Some urban legends have passed through the years with only minor changes to suit regional variations. Origins and structure Propagation and belief Other terminology Category:Urban legends. Urban Legends Reference Pages. Dalai Lama Instructions for Life. Claim: An "Instructions for Life" chain mail mantra was written by the Dalai Lama.
Example: [Collected via e-mail, 2000] Origins: Much as we can't help but grin at the thought of His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso, head of state and spiritual leader of the Tibetan people, pecking away at a computer keyboard as he sends a chain glurge advising people to "approach love and cooking with reckless abandon" winging its way around the Internet, we have to admit that this list has nothing to do with the Dalai Lama. (Some of the things His Holiness has actually said and written can be found here.) Neither this chain message nor its "Instructions for Life" originated with His Holiness. The "Instructions for Life" are a truncated version of a much longer list that worked its way around the Internet in 1999 in conjunction with an ASCII art representation of a "Nepalese Good Luck Tantra Totem" (the list was also sometimes identified as being a "modern Japanese good luck tantra"):
HoaxBuster - Premiere ressource francophone sur les hoax. Debunkers, démolisseurs, des rumeurs/hoax d’extrême droite. Qui est Hoaxbuster, le site qui démonte les rumeurs ? Un jour de la fin des années 1990, Guillaume Brossard en a eu assez que ses collègues de bureau croient ce qu'ils lisaient et pas ce qu'il leur disait.
Dans leurs boîtes e-mails, alors le grand outil d'échange de cette lointaine époque d'avant les réseaux sociaux, venait d'arriver le énième canular laissant croire que Microsoft allait sauver un petit enfant malade si tout le monde voulait bien faire suivre ce message. « Je n'arrêtais pas de leur répéter : “Arrêtez de transférer n'importe quoi”, se souvient-il. Sans effet. List of common misconceptions. This incomplete list is not intended to be exhaustive.
This list corrects erroneous beliefs that are currently widely held about notable topics. Each misconception and the corresponding facts have been discussed in published literature. Note that each entry is formatted as a correction; the misconceptions themselves are implied rather than stated. History. Quackwatch. Category:Hoaxes. To forestall disputes among editors, religions and religious figures are excluded from inclusion in this category, although this may be disputed by some editors.
Hoaxes are attempts to make people believe unlikely things. Unlike confidence tricks, money is not usually involved, but the trickster may try to play practical jokes, expose gullible people or annoy political or artistic rivals. This category includes notable proven hoaxes and incidents determined to be hoaxes by reliable sources. An article's inclusion on this list is not intended to disparage the authenticity of the report, but to denote that it is in general considered, or evidenced, as having being created as a hoax, or was known to be false (or a joke) as created.
Subcategories This category has the following 24 subcategories, out of 24 total. Hoax. Brass Plaque on door at Tremedda farm, Zennor, Cornwall, England.
It reads: TAKE NOTICE THAT AS FROM TODAYS DATE POACHERS SHALL BE SHOT ON FIRST SIGHT AND IF PRACTICABLE QUESTIONED AFTERWARDS. BY ORDER J.R. BRAMBLE HEAD GAMEKEEPER TO HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF GUMBY 1ST NOVEMBER 1868. Although the Duke of Gumby is probably a fictitious entity since there is no accessible record of him, the plaque may have had some deterrent effect. TruthOrFiction.com-Is that forwarded email Truth or Fiction? Research into stories, scams, hoaxes, myths, and urban legends on the Internet. Society: Folklore: Literature: Urban Legends. Liste de légendes contemporaines. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
Les légendes contemporaines, appelées également légendes urbaines, sont bien définies par les folkloristes et les anthropologues de la communication. Les œuvres de Jan H. Brunvand aux États-Unis ou de Véronique Campion-Vincent et Jean-Bruno Renard en France montrent que les exemples de légendes contemporaines favorisent autant l'identification des légendes elles-mêmes que leur compréhension. La présence d'un exemple sur cette liste ne garantit pas sa fausseté : on ne peut mesurer le risque d'un « passage à l'acte », ni d'une erreur de « sourçage ».
Peurs injustifiées[modifier | modifier le code] Rumeur ayant cours essentiellement en Afrique noire. Légendes contemporaines célèbres[modifier | modifier le code] Cette croyance proviendrait du philosophe William James. La Grande Muraille de Chine serait la seule construction humaine visible depuis la Lune. Hoaxkiller.fr, moteur de recherche anti-hoax. Museum of Hoaxes. UrbanLegends.com. Category:Stereotypes. Latest Email Hoaxes - Current Internet Scams - Hoax-Slayer. Hot Scams - Scam Reports, News, Forums.