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Philosophers' Mail. The Great Philosophers: Karl Marx. Most people agree that we need to improve our economic system somehow.

The Great Philosophers: Karl Marx

It threatens our planet through excessive consumption, distracts us with irrelevant advertising, leaves people hungry and without healthcare, and fuels unnecessary wars. Yet we’re also often keen to dismiss the ideas of its most famous and ambitious critic, Karl Marx. This isn’t very surprising. In practice, his political and economic ideas have been used to design disastrously planned economies and nasty dictatorships. Frankly, the remedies Marx proposed for the ills of the world now sound a bit demented. Nevertheless, we shouldn’t reject Marx too quickly. Karl Marx was born in 1818 in Trier, Germany. Karl Marx as a young man Soon Marx became involved with the Communist party, a tiny group of intellectuals advocating for the overthrow of the class system and the abolition of private property. Marx with his wife, Jenny von Westphalen One: Modern work is “alienated” Resources/OperatingManual_BF.pdf.

Critical Thinking : The Noam Chomsky Website. Noam Chomsky's Legacy. Noam Chomsky turns eighty-four today, more than a half century after he exploded onto the scene of linguistics, in in the late nineteen-fifties, as a young professor at M.I.T.

Noam Chomsky's Legacy

His career began perhaps most notably with a book review that helped launch an entire field of linguistics (known as generative grammar) and laid waste to another (the behaviorist view of B. F. Skinner that then dominated psychology). From that moment forward, linguistics truly has never been the same. He remains as influential, and divisive, as he was when Larissa MacFarquhar wrote a Profile of Chomsky in The New Yorker nearly a decade ago (“The Devil’s Accountant”).

I can’t speak to his politics, for which he is equally well known. That idea of universal grammar didn’t just change linguistics, it had repercussions for virtually every field that concerns the mind. At times, Chomsky can be maddening. Chomsky can also be dismissive, in ways that still rankle—and stir people to action.

Social anarchism

Hedgehog's dilemma. Both Arthur Schopenhauer and Sigmund Freud have used this situation to describe what they feel is the state of individual in relation to others in society.

Hedgehog's dilemma

The hedgehog's dilemma suggests that despite goodwill, human intimacy cannot occur without substantial mutual harm, and what results is cautious behavior and weak relationships. With the hedgehog's dilemma, one is recommended to use moderation in affairs with others both because of self-interest, as well as out of consideration for others. The hedgehog's dilemma is used to explain introversion and isolationism. Schopenhauer[edit] The concept originates in the following parable from the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer's Parerga und Paralipomena, Volume II, Chapter XXXI, Section 396:[1] A number of porcupines huddled together for warmth on a cold day in winter; but, as they began to prick one another with their quills, they were obliged to disperse.

Freud[edit] Social psychological research[edit] References[edit]


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Synthetic biology, ethics and the hacker culture

Friedman’s “The World is Flat” or Neal Stephenson’s “Cryptonomicon”, and you get a glimpse into how the hacker culture that emerged at the tail end of the twentieth century revolutionized the digital world. Will a confluence of emerging technologies—including information tech, biotech, and nanotech—lead to a similar revolution in the biological world? Behind every computer screen is a complexity of software and hardware that together create a virtual world in which many of us spend more time living out our lives than is probably healthy—whether crunching numbers, playing games or churning out our latest blog. This world is built in part (some would say a large part) on the work of technically savvy individuals—hackers—who have learned the art of manipulating the fundamental building blocks of the digital world. Reading through a just-released report on the social and ethical challenges of synthetic biology commissioned by the U.K. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

RSA Animates.